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Television and Children

Updated on March 30, 2018
RuthCoffee profile image

I worked with children throughout college. I have an MA in Speech-Language Pathology and am interested in kid-related issues.


Television and Children: Understanding and Combating Media Violence

With the right programming, a television can provide entertainment and education for children. However, as we all know it contains a significant amount of negative images. Television violence, harsh language, and sexually explicit content as well as aggressive marketing are prevalent. It's those types of images and messages which most professionals and parents wish to eliminate for young children.

Of course such violent content isn't confined just to television. Music, video games and more are in question.

Should parents really be concerned about television and children? What does the research show as far as the effects of TV violence? This page focuses primarily on the case against exposure to media violence, tips for parents to counteract or block such programming, and help in finding the best viewing options out there. Learn all about this by reading further on this page.


What Are the Effects of Television Violence on Children?

Over the past 30 years, thousands of studies have examined the effects of TV violence on children. Viewing violence on TV has been linked to aggression in both males and females despite other factors such as intelligence, social status, or parenting style. It has been said to be a powerful influence in developing value systems and shaping behavior.

Clearly, viewing violence on TV is not the only influence and it's effect varies based on the age of the child. Studies have shown the effects of TV violence are greatest at an early age. It seems that the type of violence seen can also result in different responses. Violence which is not seen as evil or does not result in punishment, disapproval, or human suffering appears to be that which is the most likely to result in agressive behavior in children.

Find more information on this topic below.

The Effects of Media Violence on Children

Get a taste of what the research and various professional organizations have to say about the effects of TV violence on kids.

Video Games: The Potential for Good or Harm


Other Sources of Media Violence

The violence and other inappropriate content present in television shows is sometimes easy to spot. From fist fighting and arguing to shooting and other criminal activity it is clear that much of prime time TV is filled with such images. Cop shows, dramas, and reality TV don't sneak by the watchful eye of most parents.

But how about other sources of media violence? The rioting, war coverage, and crime stories on the news. The violence present in many cartoons. How about the unrealistic violence in a WWF fight or a brawl in hockey? Some sporting events don't really provide the kinds of role models children need. Then of course, there is the unabated violence in some forms of music and in video games.

For parents who wish to limit exposure, all media really needs to be evaluated.


What Can Parents Do to Protect Their Children From Media Violence?

Parents can do a number of things but primarily they can limit their child's exposure to violence on television by monitoring and restricting what they watch through parental controls/rules and exposing them to better programming.

  • Set Time Limits
    - Kids under 18-24 months can avoid TV altogether
    - 18 months to 5 years perhaps starting at an hour a day with parental
    involvement then increasing to 2 hours per day maximum
    - School age kids can have a limit set by their parents.Viewing time limits should
    include all screen time; internet and TV.
  • Set limits on content
    Parents should know what young children watch. They can block programs they don't want their child to view or, for the very young, restrict viewing to pre-recorded content they have approved. In other words, replace the violent content you don't want, with content that you feel is more appropriate entertainment or education.
  • Participate and educate
    Parents should start by watching TV with their children to discuss and help interpret what they are seeing rather than leaving television and children left unmonitored. Be sure kids recognize violence and can begin to analyze the real world consequences for it. Then, help them begin to find alternate ways of handling situations.

Find out the specific recommendations by reading further.

Countering the Effects of Media Violence

Learn how to reduce exposure to media violence and make a child's viewing time a better and more educational experience.

Although we might want media to reduce violence, the most effective thing to do is take your own action. Parents can limit TV viewing time, restrict what programming is viewed, watch TV with their kids and discuss it, and set a good example themselves. Letters to studios can be useful as well.


Parental Controls for Television

Most televisions now have a V-chip which allows parents to block programming based on ratings. With a V-chip, pairing television and children is a bit safer. Parents can learn more about the V-chip by browsing this FCC site.

In addition most services offer parental controls to allow users to restrict viewing. For example, Dish Network satellite receivers offer parental controls/system locks that restrict what programs can be viewed based on password protected locks. Restrictions can be set up by channel or by ratings. The software operates in conjunction with V-Chip technology and parents simply program the system to restrict access to certain shows. For even greater protection, Dish's "Adult Guard" software can even completely remove Adult Channels from the Electronic Program Guide.


Battling Television Violence by Selecting the Best Kids TV Shows

Obvsiously, television violence is minimal or absent in some programming. In fact, there is some great programming for kids out there. Much of it's entertaining and educational. Most services offer programming such as Discovery Kids, the various Disney Channels, Nickelodeon, Nick Toons, and other award winning shows such as BabyFirst TV.

Certainly, there is also the option of many of the classic TV shows available on select channels. Shows such as Leave It To Beaver, The Andy Griffith Show and others often provide great entertainment but offer the added benefit of a great lesson for character development.

For help in finding some of the best that is out there, check out the links below.

Non Violent Video Games

Looking for video games with non-violent content? Here are some recommnedations.

© 2008 Ruth Coffee

Television and Children: Was This Page Helpful? Let Us Know!

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    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      I was brought to this sight by my college professor. She wanted the class to learn more about children and the affect that television violence has on them. Reading this page has given me a warehouse of great and useful information.

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Telling your child it is not real it is just TV does not work. It is not the way Children think.

    • newbizmau profile image

      Maurice Glaude 6 years ago from Mobile, AL

      A great topic.

    • profile image

      cafmike 6 years ago

      Wow and i thought my Club penguin Codes lens was awesome. This lens blows mine out of the water

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      Nice lens.good information for parents, tv violence that is harming children,Thanks for sharing. strategic planning software

    • hayleylou lm profile image

      hayleylou lm 7 years ago

      Great lens with good solid information for parents :)

    • profile image

      Oliversbabycarecouk 7 years ago

      great lens on a good topic. nice

    • profile image

      scar4 7 years ago

      Inspirational, thumbs up!

    • profile image

      cnkjz123456 7 years ago

      Welcome to cooking games online! We have hundreds of cooking games to serve you,and we add new cooking games every day!

    • profile image

      totalhealth 7 years ago

      Television is very influential specially for kids, parents should also monitor even cartoon shows because there are many cartoons that shows violence.

    • Surreymagic profile image

      Surreymagic 7 years ago

      Television gets used as a nanny for kids far too much- though it's understandable when parents have so little time. I think it's vital that children are encouraged to become interested in hobbies that don't rely on computers or television because it's something that will enable them to produce instead of passively consuming.

    • profile image

      MarbleousBehavior 7 years ago

      Yes! I've lensrolled your lens to further the "Is TV Bad" debate on my lens Using "Marbelous Behavior" to Limit Screen Time.

    • profile image

      MarbleousBehavior 7 years ago

      The first time I read this lens, it inspired me to get started on my own! I'm lensrolling you to my

      Is TV Bad? Lens!

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      I agree with Brian S., it isn't only television violence that is harming children, but other key factors come into play that are debilitating psychologically and physically their health. The parents are responsible for the well-being of their children and this requires discipline and control. Parental control is the key word. Parents are models for their children (if they like it or not). So, maybe it's time to put the remote down and take some action. Put a time restriction on the television.

      P.S. I really thought the videos were very helpful.

    • profile image

      Levitah 8 years ago

      Thank you for this wonderful lens 5*****

    • profile image

      dulyah 8 years ago

      Many thanks. This is very useful article.

    • BrianRS profile image

      Brian Stephens 8 years ago from France

      Really good lens on a topic most people already know can be harmful to some kids.

      I also think it is more than just violence, I have watched kids programs where the kids are demonstrating complete lack of respect for all authoritative figures, parents, teachers, policemen, you name it they are shown to be stupid or silly compared to the smart alec kids in these programs.

      In some ways I think this is worse than violence because it erodes the society we live in and our basic standards of respect and decency can be devalued, often demonstrated by the way some young people treat the elderly as an example. Of course not all kids are bad or are influenced by these types of programs but there is always the potential for it.

      Sorry about the essay.

    • Mihaela Vrban profile image

      Mihaela Vrban 8 years ago from Croatia

      Another wonderful lens! Blessings!

    • blue22d profile image

      blue22d 8 years ago

      Excellent lens and I totally agree with you. I especially believe it starts with the parent. The parent must do the censoring. To retain are freedoms, I don't want to see censorship. Five stars and lens roll to my lens: generationborn2008

    • SuzieSmiles profile image

      SuzieSmiles 8 years ago

      I enjoyed reading your lens. I loved Mister Rogers Neighborhood as a child and think it's one of the best programs for children to watch:)

    • religions7 profile image

      religions7 8 years ago

      Great lens - you've been blessed by a squidoo angel :)

    • profile image

      Vacation-In-My-Head 9 years ago

      This is a great topic for a lens. I really monitor what my daughter watches. She is pretty much limited to PBS and I will let her watch like Care Bears and Strawberry Shortcake. We even try to remember to turn the news off when she is in the room. She doesn't need to see all of the negativity and violence. 5*'s and Faved!!

    • profile image

      Tarra99 9 years ago

      Excellent, informative, 5* lens!

      ...p.s. thanks for visiting my recycling toothbrushes lens...I appreciate it!

    • SherryHolderHunt profile image

      SherryHolderHunt 9 years ago

      Excellent lens! Rolling it to my EZ Doodle for children. 5*s

    • OhMe profile image

      Nancy Tate Hellams 9 years ago from Pendleton, SC

      Even some of the cartoons these days are too violent. You did a great job on this lens.

    • ElizabethJeanAl profile image

      ElizabethJeanAl 9 years ago

      Welcome to the Totally Awesome Lenses Group.


    • jimmielanley profile image

      Jimmie Lanley 9 years ago from Memphis, TN, USA

      You're officially blessed!

      This message must be heard.

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      Want more traffic to your lens?

      I would like to FEATURE your lens in my Parenting Group! Parenting on Squidoo. I'll even create a special category just for you. If you want to look at the group and make a feature suggestion as to why category would be good for your lens (one already there or a new one) that would be great!


      Everything You Need to Know About Attachment Parenting.

    • profile image

      Number1Athlete 9 years ago

      Tv is going to ruin many upcoming minds in the next few generations...I think all parents need to be aware of what Tv can do.

      Anyway interesting lens, 5* :)

    • Paula Atwell profile image

      Paula Atwell 9 years ago from Cleveland, OH

      Very important issue. Great Lens.

    • ZenandChic profile image

      Patricia 9 years ago

      Great topic and lens! I believe also there is too much on t.v. now days that is not to put into our kids or our subconsious.

    • VBright profile image

      VBright 9 years ago

      Excellent lens! You got 5* from me.

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      Want more traffic to your lens?

      I would like to FEATURE your lens in my Parenting Group! Parenting on Squidoo. I'll even create a special category just for you!


      Everything You Need to Know About Attachment Parenting.

    • SusanDeppner profile image

      Susan Deppner 9 years ago from Arkansas USA

      Thoughtful lens. I think it isn't just children who are affected by violence on TV. How many acts of violence have traced back to movies and television shows and copycats? Too many. Even adults lose track of what's real and what isn't.

    • profile image

      JAV010 9 years ago

      Ratatouille is one of my favourite childrens movies thanks :)

    • profile image

      JosephWilliam 9 years ago

      Part of positive parenting is to assert controls over a child's exposure to negatives in the media. I agree totally with these articles. It's equally important to be a viable role model by exposing your child to positive and life enhancing media in which you partake. Just as it's been scientifically proven that we become most like our closest associates in terms of income, attitudes, and behaviors, we also internalize the messages we receive from our enviroment. Ads and violent TV programs, soap operas, reality TV (not the reality that I desire my kids to emulate), and many other influences have a negative impact. Let's be the person we want our child to be and encourage and direct our children into positive areas where they can best benefit and grow.

    • Mihaela Vrban profile image

      Mihaela Vrban 9 years ago from Croatia

      Parents are responsible for TV choices of their kids. Unfortunately, more and more parents buy their kids TV only for kids room and let them watch what ever is on. It's easier than spending time with them.

    • profile image

      JosephWilliam 9 years ago

      Media violence comes in many shapes and forms. Two of the most compelling these days are TV and video games. It's critical to expose our children to information and role models that we wish our child to emulate. Would we want our child to hang out with the characters depicted through such media. Of course not. So what's the difference with them watching TV and playing video games that display "models of insanity". Over time we take on the traits of the people we hand out with. Regardless whether or not these type of media programs contribute to violent behavior is not the point. We love our children unconditionally and want the best for them. And the best for them is to have their media exposure monitored, and replaced with positive alternatives that they have an interest. Have some positive parenting strategies on my blog:

    • debnet profile image

      Debbie 9 years ago from England

      Thank you for joining the Emotional Wellbeing Group :)

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      Great lens. It's not only the vilonece, but the adult content too. In the UK, we have a 9pm watershed, so after 9pm, anything goes on TV. However, most kids over here have tv's in their rooms & parents leave them to 'settle' down by watching whatever they want. TV's are used too often as babysitters unfortunately :(

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      I don't agree. I think it is the parent's responsibility to monitor what their kids watch. I'm from the '90s, not so different from now, and my parents were clear in telling me what I couldn't watch. Many commercials nowadays emphasize going "above the influience" on some shows, and to "say no to drugs" on most pre-teen programming. However, hair commercials and mythful fantasy "wight loss" drinks are still around.

      Most TV is easily controllable by parents, especially with modern TV control things like Tivo. Most kids in my neighboorhood have responisble parents, and despite the deranged "infortainment" media, this is not a rarity, and childhood agression is much lower than they would have you believe.

    • profile image

      enslavedbyfaeries 9 years ago

      Very helpful lens! It seems so difficult to find anything appropriate for kids these days, mostly because even the commercials in between family shows are not appropriate for kids. Just when you think you're being safe by choosing a family show there is a 2 minute commercial about male enhancement.

    • profile image

      petbrags 9 years ago

      Great lens, couldn't agree more. ~ 5 Stars!

    • profile image

      JAV010 9 years ago

      5 stars good lens !

    • profile image

      Bobby_Billiards 10 years ago

      Very good lens. This is one of my favorite things to debate on.

    • evelynsaenz1 profile image

      Evelyn Saenz 10 years ago from Royalton

      The Tadpoles have been out in the rain looking for something new to do for Recess. Your great lens has given them some great ideas.

      Favored and joined your club. 5 Stars!

    • SusanDeppner profile image

      Susan Deppner 10 years ago from Arkansas USA

      I like your video choices for kids, and I really like the electronic devices to limit TV and video game time. Keeps the parents from having to be the "bad guys" all the time. Another terrific lens!

    • TriviaChamp profile image

      TriviaChamp 10 years ago

      Nice lens. It is probably impossible to shield our children from all the violence on television, but I believe it is important as a parent to try to keep it to a minimum.


    • profile image

      StacymomBiz 10 years ago

      5 Stars for this lens. Very informative and beautifully done! Great Job.