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Understanding ADD or ADHD And Your Child

Updated on September 2, 2016

Your child was diagnosed with ADHD or ADD. His attention span is very short, 5 minutes tops. He won’t sit still and for several reasons is unable to focus. He also refuses to corporate with teachers and students. He disrupts the class with his antics and you wonder what does it all mean and what can be done to help him correct his behavior?

General Information

Over 6 percent of school students are diagnosed with ADHD or ADD and most of them are accredited with this illness due to various symptoms. Some ADHD students are daydreamers and often tune people out and get easily distracted. But do these symptoms and the many listed above result in ADHD? Yes and no, genetics are said to be a major factor of ADHD. Doctors say the symptoms of this condition is frequently confused with other ailment such as depression, anxiety, lead poisoning, learning disabilities or seizure disorder. Unfortunately, there are no definite attributes when it comes to the causes and treatment of this disorder. What experts can say for sure is that there are some common forms of the disorder. These indicators can only be identified as ADHD if they persistently exist for more than five months; if they manifest in more than one area of a child’s live; and if they are at level high intensity.

The Behaviors

Researchers identified three common types of ADHD behavior - overactive impulse, daydreaming, and a combination of both overactive and daydreaming impulses. Within these impulses a child’s behavior will be disruptive through excessive talk, inability to sit still for a long periods of time, participant in many activities without completion, aggressive and impatient with others as well as an inability to “pay attention”. This does not mean that he cannot learn, in fact studies show that he is an above average student who is a quick learner that frequently gets bored.

Identifying The Disorder

Diagnostic of ADHD is a complex process for preschool child. Their signs of the disorder can also fall into depression, lead poisoning, learning disabilities and poor diet. The symptoms are also associated with the learning and developmental skills. These varying associations encourage experts to recommend that diagnosis of ADHD not be done at preschool age. The preschool child is still developing and more than often is misdiagnosed within this still developmental stage. The diagnosis of this disorder is more reliable at adolescence. At this stage the young person’s development is stable and patterns of behavior are more consistent. Hence, in identifying ADHD, experts suggest observing symptoms of the disorder that consistently manifest in the home, in school and social setting. One major concern of experts during the observation of the subject is that the disorder evolves in a particular difficult time for teenagers and consequently, it competes with the middling teenage struggles.

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Consequences of ADHD

Although there are no overt symptoms of ADHD it is categorized as a disability. Experts identify this disorder as a medical condition and more often prescribe prescription drugs to help control the illness. The term used to describe this disability is often misused by many outside the medical field. Many confusingly speak of ADD and ADHD as two separate disorder. Whether you call it ADD or ADHD experts declare that the terms are one in the same. The correct term, per the American Psychiatric Association, is AD/HD. This ailment, when ignored, produces serious consequences. A child with this ailment is usually low performing in school, disruptive and self-destructive. An AD/HD child wants to pay attention, follow instruction or focus on school work but is unable to do so. This frustrates the child and ultimately results in low self-esteem and illegal use of alcohol and drugs. Hence treating the disability is vital not just for academic success but for the overall well being of the child.

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The Brain Needs Help

Treating AD/HD is prescribing stimulus for the brain. AD/HD is an illness of the brain in that its function is short circuited in a particular area of the brain. The area of the brain that control the behavior of the child is impaired due to glucose deficiency. What this means is the organ cannot incorporate sufficient glucose to function in a normal capacity. The “neurotransmitters” chemicals of this part of the body malfunctions consistently and ultimately prevent “brain cells” from making the necessary connections that will make it function normally.

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What Parents Should Know

An interesting acumen about AD/HD is that it is not limited to learning disabilities. The condition’s secondary symptoms consist of extreme anxiousness, aggression and a constant state of melancholy. The disorder also produces obsessive compulsive behavior (ODD), and the loss of muscle control which often leads to “tics”. The ailment is legitimized by the supportive actions of The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. These two advocates of AD/HD guarantee a quality education for any child living with the disorder. One law in particular, parents should know about, enacted by the above mentioned entities requires any school receiving any federal funding to make special arrangements and adjustments for students with AD/HD. This can mean adjustment to curriculum and extra-curricular activities to the adaption of these students.

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Selecting The Right Treatment

If you think your child is showing symptoms of AD/HD have him checked out by is pediatrician. Your child’s doctor will ascertain if there is a consistent pattern of behavior. If it is established that your child does suffer from AD/HD, his pediatrician will immediately recommend a prescription drug. But you do not have to go that route, for many parents, taking the prescribed drug was a tremendous disappointment for their child. The child did not like the side effects of taking the drug. Some patients reported droopiness and awkward sluggish sensation. Parents who tried to remove sugar from their child’s diet found that focusing on just removing sugar was not sufficient. Many parents are using the holistic care approach and are experiencing success. Just as AD/HD, as asserted by the experts, is an individually based ailment so too should be its treatment. Consequently, parents should explore the best possible treatment for their child, at times, that might entail the ingestion of prescription drugs

A Recent Study

Some experts, in particular the researchers at Harvard Medical School, suggest that the treatment of AD/HD is not just this one thing or that one drug. The treatment is a culmination of the strategic application of different adjustments of the care of the individual child. Hence parenting skills should be improved upon via training sessions. The child’s diet should be modified and or improved, and the child’s destructive behavior should be redirected with positive and repeated instructions. The research indicated that all areas of the child’s live should be examined and twitted until both parent and child takes control of AD/HD.


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