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50 Facts About Food That You Didn't Know

Updated on August 9, 2016
TessSchlesinger profile image

In 1983, with doctors unable to cure me, I studied the human body and diet. Since then, food as medicine has been a strong interest.

Knowing these facts can change your life

While we all avidly read many of the diets that promise us that we will lose weight if we blindly follow them, few of us know the principles on which those diets are set up. Nor, surprisingly, do many of us know what we are eating and what it does to our bodies. Here are 100 facts about the food we eat.

Facts about the food you eat 1 to 10

  1. Food can be either a protein, a fat, or a carbohydrate.
  2. Carbohydrates comprise starch, sugars, fibre, vitamins and minerals.
  3. Proteins do not contain starch, sugars, or fibre.
  4. Sugar and starch need insulin in order to be converted to energy.
  5. When the body secrets too much insulin because too many sugars and starches are eaten, the body becomes fat, develops cravings, develops illnesses like diabetes type II and hypertension.
  6. When one eats primarily protein, the body does not use insulin to convert the food into energy. Instead it gives off ketones. If the body constantly does this and loses weight, at a certain point, people will die of starvation. So a diet that consists strictly of rabbit meat and nothing else will eventually mean one starves to death.
  7. There are two types of carbohydrates – those that contain starch or sugar or both, and those that are predominantly fibre. Green leafy vegetables contain no sugars or starches while fruit, grains, legumes (beans and peas), and root vegetables are predominantly starches and sugars.
  8. Green leafy vegetables (preferably raw) should be plentiful in your diet as they contain phytonutrients, vitamins, and minerals which are essential to a beautiful, young skin, strong nails, shiny hair, loads of energy, and excellent health.
  9. The leading grains comprise barley, rice, wheat, quinoa, rye, and oats.

10. All grains are more than 90% starch. Grains do not contain more than 1% fibre while green leafy vegetables (carbohydrates) contain upwards 6% fibre. Fruit also contains more than 6% fibre.

Source
  1. Examples of food made from starches are bread, pasta, pizza, cake, candies, buns, bread-rolls, breakfast cereals, tortillas, rice dishes, noodles, pretzels, and crackers. There are many more. Check for ingredients list on anything you eat to see if it contains starch.
  2. Foods high in protein are dairy products, fish, and meat. Legumes (beans and peas) contain high amounts of protein for a plant, but meat, fish, and dairy contain more.
  3. Eggs contain a virtually perfect protein for the human body.
  4. Proteins are different. They are made up of amino acids, and there are different kinds of amino acids.
  5. The body produces some of the amino acids that the body needs but not all of them. Those amino acids that the body does not produce are called essential amino acids.
  6. Amino acids are used to make proteins and hormones in your body. They also, to a small degree, produce energy for your body.
  7. The eleven amino acids (non-essential amino acids) that the body can produce without needing specific foods are alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, asparagine, cysteine, glutamic acid, glycine, proline, serine, and tyrosine..
  8. There are nine amino acids that are essential to human health and you need to eat certain foods in order for your body to produce them. The six amino acids are phenylalanine, valine, threonine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, and histidine.
  9. Meat, fish, and eggs gives us all the amino acids we need. Vegetables do not, and they have to be combined with each other in special way in order to provide the essential amino acids. An example would be beans and rice.

10. Some food is also rich in enzymes which means that the body doesn’t need to make enzyme.

How many calories do I need?

  1. Enzymes break down the food in our bodies. Without a steady supply of enzymes, our food is not digested properly.
  2. When all the food in the body has been digested, if there are enzymes over, then the body uses those enzymes to repair whatever is wrong with our bodies.
  3. Examples of food rich in enzymes are pineapples, bananas, avocados, papayas, grapes, mangoes, dates, seeds, leaves, raw aloe vera juice, and raw honey. If honey is not labelled ‘raw’ when you buy it, it has been heated.
  4. All enzymes are killed when heated. In order to get the benefit of the enzymes in the food you eat, it must be eaten raw.
  5. The energy content of food is measured by calories. If you give yourself more energy than you need, then that excess energy turns to fat.
  6. One gram of fat has 9 calories. One gram of protein has 4 calories. One gram of carbohydrate has 4 calories.
  7. All diets are calorie based. The inventors of the diets simply divide the foods into ‘treats,’ ‘essentials,’ ‘keep away from,’ etc.
  8. Weight can only be lost by eating less energy than one needs. If one eats the same amount of energy that one needs, one won’t gain weight, but one won’t lose weight either. The only way that weight can be lost is to eat less energy than one is using.
  9. Fat is broken down in the body by Essential Fatty Acids. Only fats contain essential fatty acids. The fastest way to lose weight is to have a teaspoon of extra virgin olive oil with two meals each day, provided, of course, that you are not consuming more energy/fuel than you need.

10. The liver needs time to make bile to break down your food. If you eat frequently, it never has time to make the bile. It needs at least four hours to make the necessary chemicals to break down your food. By constantly snacking, we are damaging our ability to break down our food correctly. In addition, one should have at least four hours between meals, and there should be one period of upward twelve hours where nothing is consumed. Latest studies have noted that frequent eating is not good (snacking) and that fasts give the body time to cleanse.

Healthy seaweed snack

Annie Chun's Roasted Seaweed Snacks, Sesame, 0.35 Ounce (Pack of 12)
Annie Chun's Roasted Seaweed Snacks, Sesame, 0.35 Ounce (Pack of 12)

Seaweed snacks have the highest nutrition and the lowest number of calories. There are many different kinds of seaweed. I generally buy from Asian shops as they are less expensive and have a greater variety of seaweed.

 
  1. All juices and sodas contain 16 to 18 teaspoons of sugar (or the equivalent thereof). Drinking one or two per day will gain you 40 lbs of weight per year.
  2. The ingredients in diet drinks trigger insulin anyway. Don’t use them. Substitute stevia if you need something sweet in your drinks as it is a protein. Better still, grow a stevia plant and pick a leaf to put into tea or coffee.
  3. The best sources of calcium are not milk and cheese. The best sources of calcium are green leafy vegetables. Lots of them.
  4. Cheese has now been seen as a trigger for dementia and Alzheimer’s. Avoid it.
  5. The best drink is water, and despite the urban legend, you do not need eight classes a day. Much of your food contains water. If you don’t like water, the best drink is a teaspoon of freshly squeezed lemon juice with a teaspoon of honey in water (hot or cold). It stimulates the liver to make bile which means your food is better digested.
  6. Eat loads of Iceberg lettuce because a) it is rich in iron and b) it takes a long time to chew it all down, so it gives the mouth time to warn the stomach. When we do not chew our food for a long time, the stomach is not given enough warning to start producing the chemicals needed to break down our food. So our food goes partially undigested.
  7. Saliva in the mouth begins the breaking down process of food; ergo we need to keep food in our mouths for a certain amount of time. Eating food that doesn’t require chewing is bad for us because food goes down the oesophagus without being adequately prepared.
  8. Not all our vitamins come from food. Vitamin D, which is increasingly being seen as a hormone, comes from the sun. It is essential to spend time out in the sun for at least six months of the year so that our body can develop a supply of it to last us during the winter months. If we put on sun-block, the skin does not absorb the rays needed to produce Vitamin D.
  9. Vitamin D is known as the happiness vitamin (hormone) as it makes people cheerful. So people living in the sun tend to be a lot happier than those living in cold climates (though those living in cold climates might produce more). The vitamin D that comes in bottles is not the same as the vitamin D produced by the sun.

10. Seaweed is chock a block full of the highest quality minerals, phytonutrients, and vitamins. If you go to an Asian shop, you can buy seaweed very cheaply. Use for salads and find other ways to incorporate it into your diet.

Did you learn anything from this article?

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  1. Sea Salt is preferable to rock salt as it is less intense. The flavour is more mild and has more micro-nutrients.
  2. Our bodies need both iodine and sulphur to function property.
  3. Sulphur rich foods are the yellow of eggs, onions, and cabbage.
  4. Sulphur helps some amino acids make protein. It is also part of collagen which gives you a beautiful young skin and keratin which gives you strong nails and hair.
  5. Iodine rich foods (we need iodine for the proper functioning of the thyroid which regulates weight) are seaweed and cod (fish).
  6. If we eat foods that are predominantly acidic forming in our bodies, we eventually become ill. Arthritis and gout has been said by doctors who use food to cure the body to be the result of a highly acidic diet.
  7. A quarter teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda in water makes our blood more alkaline and a teaspoon of freshly squeezed lemon in our water makes our bodies more alkaline. This would need to be done for a month or so.
  8. Freshly squeezed garlic, left for about 30 seconds to breathe, provides a natural anti-biotic equivalent to penicillin. It is also anti--viral and anti-fungal.
  9. Vitamin K found in green bananas and leafy green vegetables plays a large part in preventing osteoporosis. While the absence of calcium in bones is a factor in developing weak bones, it is the absence of vitamin K that accounts for the most breaks.

10. When the body carries more weight than it needs, it slows down in all respects and develops inflammation and disease. It has increasingly less energy, is less capable of thinking clearly, and affects mood.

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    • Alphadogg16 profile image

      Kevin W 2 years ago from Texas

      This is a very interesting and informative hub on the facts about food TessSchlesinger. Many of these things the average person is not aware of. Thumbs up on your article.