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A focus on France Wine

Updated on July 16, 2015

Frances is popular for global brands of Burgundy, Champagne and Bordeaux and other wine drinks, a factor that makes her a significant wine-producing nation in the world. The country produces high quality and massive quantity of wine than any other wine producing country in the world. Particularly, Wine is entrenched in the culture and almost all societal levels of France. For this country, wine is a drink for both the common and elite people and a key emblem in France’s most popular religion, Catholicism. This paper evaluates on what makes France unique in wine production.

Why France Is the Most Important Nation in Wine Production

France is considered prominent in wine production due to a variety of reasons. Among these is the durable appeal of French wine alongside the different varieties. A study by Charles (2012) noted that many consumers preferred France wine over those from other countries owing to innovative styles utilized by Frances manufactures. These varieties include, but not limited to White, Rose, Red, Opulent, Sweet, Sparkling, Fruity, Austere, and Mineral Scented. Indeed, there is no other country that produces such many and appealing wine varieties as France.

Furthermore, French vineyards produce wines that match unique descriptions. The country’s wine diversity is in a way related to the country’s favorable climates. For instance, Champagne, the northern region, has the coolest climate than any wine growing region in the world. However, this is bleak contrast to Rhone Valley, which is warm and dry wine producing region that lies 560 km away in southeast. On the other hand, Bordeaaux , another significant region in wine production has a natural climate which has been greatly influenced by Atlantic ocean to its western part and the different rivers that pass though its vineyards (Robinson, 2006).

Moreover, Eastern regions such as Alsace and Burgundy have a continental climate, with cold winters and warm dry summers. This is owes to the fact that they have not been influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Apparently, Languedoc-Roussillion and Provence enjoys a Mediterranean climate that is characterized by moderately mild winters and hot summers.

Geology and Typography

The region’s topography and geology also plays a vital role in the diversity and quality of wine in France. The country’s vast regions that are capable of producing wine is consistent of a wide variety of soil types, which consequently support the growing of different varieties of wine producing crops.

France’s designation system was developed in the 20th century and has been imitated in various nations ever since. The complexities of the legal systems are defined in every wine region and its limits, as well as imposing strict rules and policies in regard to wine production. In addition, the responsible authorities are mandated to guarantee the quality and quantity of wine products in an endeavor to protect the names of French wine. Practically, no other nation has been able to implement its appellation system to that extent.

Diversity and sheer volume in wine production has been an important factor in the advancement, complexity, and widespread categorization of wine styles and levels of quality in France wine. Approximately 6500 million regular bottles of wine are produced per year from nearly 775,000 hectares of vineyards in France.

Wine Growing Regions


This region is situated at the Eastern lower slopes of mount Vosges, in the valley of Rhine between Mulhouse and Strabourg. The vineyard found here is somehow different from other wine growing areas in the country. Just like the region itself, the culture of wine here is rooted in a German tradition, producing typically fruity or dry white wines, popular ones in these region include, Sylvaner, Riesling and Gewürztraminer, also referred as the fruity wine. In this region, appellation rules are not applied the same way as in other parts of the country. In Alsace, wine is generally produced under Alsace appellation, which is usually simple. Smaller regions do not have appellations of their own. However, all wines produced in each region are indicated (Westcott ).


This region, along with Champagne and Burgundy is among the most popular wine producing regions in France. Historically its fame is partly due to the fact that it is the only one among the three big grape growing regions that has direct access to the sea. This advantage has made it the main wine exporting center in France. Most vineyards in this region are located around the Port city of Bordeaux, along the Gironde estuary and the rivers Dordogne and Garonne. There are massive vineyard where “Bordeaux" the geo-specific appellation covers approximately 100km stretching both east-west and north-south. Unlike other wine-growing areas in France, Bordeaux operates most of its top wines categories on her own, especially the ones from Saint Emilion and Medoc vineyards. The best estates are allowed to sell their own wines that are selected as grand cru. Other higher qualities come below the grand crus and they are normally designated as cru bourgeois (McCarthy and Mulligan, 2011).


This wine growing region is centered on the towns of Epernay and Reims. Different from most of the best wines in France, Champagne mostly produces vintage or non-vintage champagnes, which are subsequently blended with wines from similar fields (Charles, 2011 ). Consequently, the quality of Champagne depends on a balance between the blender’s expertise and the quality of the actual grapes from the fields. Contrary to other blends, Champagne’s brands promoted and ranked by the producer, and not by any appellation. Apparently, Krug is the highest rated blend. Other brands such as Mumm, Heidsieck, Bollinger, Chandon, Taittinger and Moet are also well known and appreciated. The distinct purity and taste of real champagne is indeed due to the topographical condition and chalky soil that thrives in the region.


France’s uniqueness in terms of wine production is due to a number of factors. Key among these is the favorable climate that supports vineyards, strict government policies on the growth and production process and the country’s culture, which places great value on wine and grapevines.


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