ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Hass Avocados: History, Nutrition and More

Updated on January 1, 2017

Hass Avocado Grove

Hass avocado farm in California. The Hass avocado makes up 95% of avocados sold today.
Hass avocado farm in California. The Hass avocado makes up 95% of avocados sold today. | Source

A LIttle History

Avocado trees have been part of the Western world agricultural landscape since long before European settlers came to America. However, Avocados were first grown commercially in the United States in the early 1830s. Today avocados are grown as a business in Texas, Florida, Hawaii, and California. Internationally the United States ranks seventh in commercial avocado production with 205 MT (metric tons). Mexico is the leading world producer with 1,264 MT followed by Chile with 368 MT and the Dominican Republic with 295MT.

In 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) opened the door for, Mexico to export avocados to the US market. The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) quickly objected claiming the avocados would bring in the Tephritidae fruit flies that could decimate California's crops. The Mexican government asked the USDA inspectors to come to Mexico for a firsthand look at the fruit fly free farms, but the U.S. turned down the invitation, asserting that fruit fly inspection was not practical. After several diplomatic punches and counter-punches, the US gave in when Mexico began placing restrictions on the US's ability to export to Mexico.

Hass Avocado Halved

Ripe Avocado ready to peel and eat
Ripe Avocado ready to peel and eat | Source

Avocado History

The avocado is a cultigen, a plant that has been deliberately altered or selected by humans. It is a domesticated, but no one is positive about its origin. Most researchers are fairly certain that it originated somewhere in south central Mexico. Martin Fernandez De Encisco is credited with the first writings on the avocado when he wrote in 1519 “. . . that which it contains is like butter and is of marvelous flavor, so good and pleasing to the palate that it is a marvelous thing."

Later, around 1540, another European used the Aztec name aguacate which became the most popular Spanish name. Other common names of the earlier periods included Alligator pear, which is probably drawn from the dark green, alligator-like scaly, dark peel. Midshipman's butter was a common name used by sailors, based on the color and texture of the healthy avocados they took to sea. Other regions of Central and South Americas had different names; e.g., the Incas called it palta.

Advantages To Shorter Trees

Cutting tall trees lets them regrow.  The shorter trees will grow foliage and bloom again,  producing many  more avocados if they aregiven the proper care.
Cutting tall trees lets them regrow. The shorter trees will grow foliage and bloom again, producing many more avocados if they aregiven the proper care. | Source

Avocado Trees

Every time an avocado seed is planted, you can be assured that the resulting tree will be very different from the parent tree. Each seed carries the characteristics of the cross-pollination of the parent tree. As a result, the fruit will be different in appearance and taste from the tree from the parent tree. This is how new types of avocados are created. There are thousands of named varieties of avocados but, there are only a small number of varieties being grown commercially today, the main one being the Hass avocado.

There are currently three significant types of the avocado trees from a horticultural viewpoint. By far, the Mexican version is the most prevalent. In the US, South Florida, Texas, and California are the largest producers of Avocados. In these areas, Avocado trees are also popular as landscaping. Trees can grow from 20-to 40 feet in height and due to their aggressive root structure, should be planted over 15 feet apart and a minimum of 8 feet from the side of any building or home.

The trees require good drainage and do not like standing water or regular flooding. In spite of those restrictions, avocado trees thrive with a lot of water, as much as 1 inch of water per week from rainfall or an adequate irrigation system. A soil pH below 6.2 will produce the possibility of root rot.


Avocado Nutrients

The Avocado is nutrient dense and contains essential vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients:
The Avocado is nutrient dense and contains essential vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients: | Source

Avocado Nutrition

The avocado has had to overcome a bad rap health-wise. Now that we have more information on fatty acids—both good and bad—the avocado has come into favor as a healthy heart food. Michael Goran, Ph.D., professor of preventive medicine at the Keck School of Medicine of USC, Suggests that chicken and tuna salads would be much healthier if you dropped the mayonnaise and added avocado. He points out that avocados are higher in the good kinds of monounsaturated fatty acids with the added benefit that they are also low in saturated fat.

Avocados can be a healthy part of your diet notwithstanding the fact that roughly 85-percent of the calories in an avocado are fat, That's because the avocado fat is predominately the essential healthy fats including polyunsaturated fats, monounsaturated fats. These well-known healthy fats help your body fight inflammation. They also keep your appetite in check between meals because they stabilize blood-sugar levels. And, they work to help lower your risk of heart disease by lowering bad cholesterol. Avocados are also full of fiber, magnesium, and vitamin K. With all these healthy advantages and the fact that avocados are a tasty and versatile fruit that you can serve and enjoy in a variety of ways should make them a necessity for your next trip to the market.

According to the Haas Avocado Board in Irvine, California, a standard serving of avocado is roughly 1 oz. of avocado. a medium sized avocado has five servings. One-fifth of that medium avocado has approximately 50 calories and nearly 20 vitamins and minerals making it an excellent nutrient choice.

The alternative Green Avocado or Florida Avacado is larger and has a smooth, shiny green skin. There is also a nutritional difference: When you consume a Florida avocado, you’ll get more calories than with a Hass avocado due to its size. What you need no know is that one cup of a Florida avocado has 276 calories and 23 grams of fat compared to 384 calories and 35 grams of fat with the Hass avocado.

And More

Technically, the avocado is a berry. Unlike any other berry you can think of, it’s not sweet or inviting to eat while still on the branch. The name avocado comes from the Aztec word ahuacatl, which means “testicle,” so named because avocados typically grow in pairs and hang heavy on the tree. Spanish conquistadors came to call them aguacate, a name that was further bastardized by English speakers (a young George Washington wrote in 1751 of the popularity of “agovago pears” in Barbados); once exported back to Spain, they became known as Abogado, a word that meant “advocate” or “lawyer.” The avocado fruit became a staple in Central and South America but didn’t land in California until the 1850s, when an avocado tree was imported from Nicaragua by a private citizen as a botanical curiosity.

Tree Fresh California Hass Avocados Year Around

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)