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A Quick Guide to Wine Bottle Sizes and Names

Updated on December 29, 2017

Wine Bottle Sizes: What About Melchizedek?

You've seen them, those extra-large, giant or even enormous bottles of wine or champagne. But do you know the names for these different wine bottle sizes and more importantly, what size might you get for your own party or event?

When choosing a bottle size, one must first distinguish between wine and Champagne (or sparkling wine) as the bottle names and sizes can differ. (Note: technically speaking, only sparkling wine from the Champagne region in France is called "Champagne." I am using the term in the more general context of meaning the "bubbly stuff.")

A standard glass-pour of wine is approximately 5 ounces so the standard bottle yields about 5 glasses. With Champagne there are typically 6 glasses (flutes) per bottle.

The two charts below cover most of the bottle sizes and names for wine and Champagne. I have included the number of glasses per bottle to make it easier to plan for your guests.

Wine Bottle Sizes and Names

NAME OF BOTTLE 
# OF STANDARD BOTTLES 
LITERS
GLASSES PER BOTTLE 
Demi or half
1/2
.38
2.5
Standard 
.75
Magnum 
1.5
10 
Double magnum or Jeroboam
3
20 
Rehoboam (or Jeroboam*)
6
4.5
30 
Methoselah (or Imperial in the U.S. or Bordeaux*)
8
6
40 
Salmanazar or Mordichai
12
9
60 
Balthazar
16
12
80 
Nebuchadnezzar
20
15
100 
Melchior
24
18
120 
Sovereign
34
25.5
170
* In the Bordeaux region of France they use different names in the above two instances

Champagne Bottle Sizes and Names

NAME OF BOTTLE 
# OF STANDARD BOTTLES 
LITERS 
GLASSES PER BOTTLE
Piccolo or Split
1/4 
.19 
1.5
Demi or Half
1/2 
.38 
3
Standard 
.75 
6
Magnum 
1.5 
12
Jeroboam
24
Rehoboam
4.5 
36
Methuselah
48
Salmanazar
12 
72
Balthazar
16 
12 
96
Nebuchadnezzar
20 
15 
120
Melchior
24 
18 
144
Soloman
26.5
20
159 
Sovereign
34
25.5
204
Primat
36 
27 
216
Melchizedek 
40 
30 
240

The Big Boys

Jeroboam and Methuseluh
Jeroboam and Methuseluh

More wine trivia...

As you can see, most of these large bottle formats are named after biblical kings and, just to make it confusing, some of the names depend on the region that the wine is from. This is bound to happen when you are dealing with a subject matter with as much history as wine. Here are a few more interesting wine facts:

1. The color of the glass bottle indicates the type of wine:

  • Dark green contains red wines such as Burgundy and red Bordeaux.
  • Light green indicates a dry white wine.
  • Clear or amber is used for sweet white wines.
  • Champagne is bottled in green or clear (usually rosé.)

2. The shape of the bottle is also an indication of the wine variety. For example, Bordeaux bottles always have shoulders whereas Burgundy bottles do not. (Tip: Think of Brigitte Bardot's shoulders to help you remember.)

3.) The preferred use of cork to seal the bottle is purely based on tradition. There is no evidence that the wine is better off with a cork as opposed to a screw cap.

4.) It takes 2.5 pounds of grapes to make one bottle of wine.

5.) There are over 10,000 varieties of wine.

6.) There are 12 bottles of wine in a case.

7.) Wine making dates back to 6000 B.C.

8.) White wines should be served around 45ºF (7°C.) For red wine, the optimal serving temperature is between 50 and 60°F (10-15°C.)

9.) Wine is not typically served in cut glasses; choose smooth, clear glasses for wine.

10.) The base of a wine glass is called a "foot."

Comments

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    • Mrs. Menagerie profile imageAUTHOR

      Mrs. Menagerie 

      6 years ago from The Zoo

      Thanks!

    • profile image

      mohit 

      6 years ago

      it is very nice information in this site.

    • ChristinCordle12 profile image

      ChristinCordle12 

      6 years ago

      Very informative hub.Thanks for sharing.

    • Mrs. Menagerie profile imageAUTHOR

      Mrs. Menagerie 

      6 years ago from The Zoo

      Hi Rjsadowski-I actually own two restaurants and we have had many special events that have special wine bottles. I do drink wine myself but I don't usually require a magnum...heeheeheee!!!

    • rjsadowski profile image

      rjsadowski 

      6 years ago

      An interesting and informative article. Do you actually drink wine or did you write this based on research alone? I have been drinking wine for more than 45 years and I have not seen a number of these sizes, although I have no doubt that they exist.

    • Mrs. Menagerie profile imageAUTHOR

      Mrs. Menagerie 

      7 years ago from The Zoo

      Hi Matt and thanks-a-million!!!

    • mattdigiulio profile image

      mattdigiulio 

      7 years ago

      Hi Mrs. Menagerie,

      Thanks for this! I did not realize how many bottle sizes there are.

      Best, Matt D

    • Mrs. Menagerie profile imageAUTHOR

      Mrs. Menagerie 

      7 years ago from The Zoo

      Hi Tina! Thanks for reading my hub! Isn't that a new profile picture? I like it!

    • thougtforce profile image

      Christina Lornemark 

      7 years ago from Sweden

      Thanks for this very interesting information! I had no idea that wine bottles or the color of the bottle could tell so much! Since I don't know so much about wine this information will be very helpful when I now and then need to select the "right" wine.

      Thanks for a very useful hub!

      Tina

    • Mrs. Menagerie profile imageAUTHOR

      Mrs. Menagerie 

      7 years ago from The Zoo

      Thank you Charlu! It is fun an impressive to bring out a huge bottle of wine for celebrations! They have to be ordered in advance though.

    • Charlu profile image

      Charlu 

      7 years ago from Florida

      Wow I never knew this much about wine bottles and was a bartender for years. I'm really shocked to now how the color of the bottle has reference to the wine inside. That is awesome info. Great hub especially for party and event planner, restaurant entrepreneurs, or if your just planning a get together. Thanks for a great informative hub.

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