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Honey, Oat and Fresh Fruit Cake for Diabetics
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Why create this recipe?
My Dad has Type 2 diabetes but was only diagnosed when I was in university. Before his diagnosis I used to regularly bake him birthday cakes, Father's Day cakes and cakes for all kinds of other occasions. After his diagnosis I didn't want to suddenly stop making him cakes - how sad would that be for him? So I had to invent some new recipes. This cake works well because it remains moist from the fruit content and canola oil and the fruit provides added sweetness without needing to add sugar. To counteract the honey, I included the oats and oat bran, which let's face it, go really well with honey anyway, but also luckily lower the GI of meals Tapola, Karvonen, Niskanen, Mikola, & Sarkkinen, 2005). Including an orange whole allows the benefits of the peel to be included (Parmar & Kar, 2008). The cake also has added walnuts which are good for both diabetics and those watching their cholesterol levels (Ma et al., 2010; Tapsell et al., 2004). If you would like to make your cake look super special with some icing, you can make an icing by whipping cream without adding any sweetener (or just use a tiny drop of honey) and adding cinnamon to give the illusion of sweetness while lowering blood sugar (Khan, Safdar, Khan, Khattak, & Anderson, 2003). Dark chocolate also goes really well with the flavours in this cake so drizzling some melted on the top or using molds to make chocolate in shapes relevant to the birthday person is also a great way to decorate.
- 1/2 cup raw honey
- 1/2 cup margarine
- 3 apples, peeled, chopped, cooked and pureed
- 1 orange, boiled for 15 min with spices
- 1 cup oat bran
- 1/2 cup rolled oats
- 1 cup self raising flour, preferably wholemeal
- 3 eggs, separated
- 1 tblsp canola oil
- 1 tblsp milk
- 1/3 cup walnuts, broken into small pieces
- 250 ml cream, (if icing the cake)
- 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon, (to add to cream if icing)
- 1/4 tsp vanilla essence, (also for icing)
- Peel and chop up apples. Place in a microwavable bowl and cook for 3 min, then place in blender and puree.
- Place whole orange in a saucepan. Cover with boiling water and add some spices of your choice and 1/2 tsp of honey (I used 1 clove, a piece of cinnamon stick and a cardamon pod). Bring to boil and leave boiling for 15 min.
- Remove orange from saucepan, and when cool enough to handle chop roughly and puree, and add to apple mixture.
- Cream margarine and honey together until they form a thick peanut-butter-like paste. Add egg yolks and fruit mixture and mix well.
- Add oat bran and oats and mix until combined, then add canola oil and half the flour and mix into a sticky batter.
- Add broken-up walnuts, the rest of the flour and the milk and mix thoroughly.
- In another bowl, beat egg whites until very stiff. Add to the rest of the mixture and fold through carefully trying not to squash the air out of the egg whites.
- Pour batter into a 20cm square or round cake tin lined with baking paper. Bake at 180 degrees Celsius until edges are golden and a knife of skewer inserted in the centre comes out clean.
- Allow to cool completely before attempting to add any icing. If icing the cake, whip cream with cinnamon and 1/4 tsp vanilla essence until thick and stiff. Spread over the top of the cake and sprinkle with broken-up walnuts and or dark chocolate.
Khan, lam, Safdar, Mahpara , Khan, Mohammad Muzaffar Ali , Khattak, Khan Nawaz , & Anderson, Richard A. (2003). Cinnamon Improves Glucose and Lipids of People With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care, 26, 3215-3218.
Ma, Yingying, Njike, Valentine Yanchou, Millet, John , Dutta, Suparna , Doughty, Kim , Treu, Judith A., & Katz, David L. . (2010). Effects of Walnut Consumption on Endothelial Function in Type 2 Diabetic Subjects. Diabetes Care, 33, 227-232.
Parmar, Hamendra Singh, & Kar, Anand. (2008). Medicinal Values of Fruit Peels from Citrus sinensis, Punica granatum, and Musa paradisiaca with Respect to Alterations in Tissue Lipid Peroxidation and Serum Concentration of Glucose, Insulin, and Thyroid Hormones. Journal of Medicinal Food 11, 376-381. doi: doi:10.1089/jmf.2006.010
Tapola, N., Karvonen, H., Niskanen, L., Mikola, M., & Sarkkinen, E. (2005). Glycemic responses of oat bran products in type 2 diabetic patients. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 15(4), 255-261. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2004.09.003
Tapsell, L. C., Gillen, L. J., Patch, C. S., Batterham, M., Owen, A., Bare, M., & Kennedy, M. (2004). Including walnuts in a low-fat/modified-fat diet improves HDL cholesterol-to-total cholesterol ratios in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 27(12), 2777-2783.