ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Colombian Coffee - a Short Overview of Coffee From Colombia and Its Best Us Brands

Updated on March 11, 2019

When we buy a package of coffee, we do not always know it's origin, which country is coming from, what kind of coffee it is or how it tastes. But most of us know that Colombian coffee is one of the best out there. Lot of time, the package will say that is Colombian Supremo, but what this name really means? And why is Colombian coffee so special? I will try to answer in this article.

Colombian Coffee comes from Colombia, a country situated in South America. Coffee it is an important factor in Colombia's economy, this country being the second largest coffee producers in the world, after Brazil, for many years, with only 2009 falling on the 3rd place. There are several factors that makes Colombian coffee so unique: the types of coffee that is being cultivated, the environment, the way it is harvest, and the way it is processed.

Type of coffee

Colombia is the biggest producer of arabica coffee, known to be the best among coffee beans.

There are 2 main variety of coffee cultivated around the world: robusta and arabica.Coffee robusta originated in central and western Africa and as present it is highly cultivated in Vietnam, Brazil, Africa and some other Asian countries. Robusta is high in caffeine (1.6% to 2.7%Caffeine) but does not offer too much flavour and aroma. Coffee arabica came from Yemen and it is now largely cultivated around south american continent, has lots of flavor and less caffeine (1% to 1.5%). There are 6 varieties of arabica cultivated in Colombia: Typica, Comun, Bourbon, Caturra, Colombia and Maragogipe.



In Colombia, coffee is grown at high altitudes where the temperature and soil are perfect for coffee berries to develop and mature. The main regions are central and eastern parts of this country.

Coffee grows in the mountains at altitudes as high as 2000 meters above the sea level, close to the equatorial line, in a rich, volcanic soil. This coffee is called Colombian milds. It is regarded as having a high acidity (brightness), fruity aroma and medium and balanced body, therefore making it the best coffee. It is also the most expensive and best selling coffee in the world.

The way the plantation is set or how the green coffee beans are picked also make a difference in taste. The coffee production depends mainly on the weather because if it rains then the coffee is not going to be picked up on time.

Most Colombian coffee is grown in small plantations usually own by families. This style of cultivating coffee trees has been encouraged and protected by the Colombian Coffee Growers Federation (, a union of local coffee farmers and small coffee producers. The Federation was created in 1927 and had played a big role in exporting coffee in North American continent, its biggest client being United States. Today the Federation has about 500.000 members.

Harvesting and processing coffee

The way the coffee is harvest in Colombia also makes a big difference. Working in a coffee plantation is a hard job. The farmers pick the coffee berries by hand, one cherry a time, selecting only the ripe ones. The level of maturity of beans is one of the criteria on grading coffee.

After the harvest is picked, a second selection takes place, again by hand, in which they separate the good beans from the defective ones.

The post harvesting process refers to the series of activities that are necessary in order to reach a certain quality of beans. Colombian coffee is processed by a method called "wet beneficio" (hence the name washed arabica), that includes depulping, fermentation, washing and drying the coffee beans. Then the coffee beans are separated by size and density, packed and sold. Once a coffee roasting company buys it, it is up to it to roast it, flavour it and blend it.

Coffee reviews rating system

95 to 100: exceptional
90 to 94: outstanding
85 to 89: very good
80 to 84: good
75 to 79: fair
70 to 74: poor
less then 70: not recommended

The US brands of Colombian Coffee

It is said that most Colombian coffee found in large stores are not true Colombian but a mix of Colombian with low qualities beans. Even the best selections, like Colombian Supremo or Excelso, could be corrupted. But if this is true, it is not to be blamed on the farmers in Colombia, but rather on the companies that import and transforms the green beans in coffee for consumers.

The best Colombian coffees, according with latest reviews are:

    La Esperanza Colombia Huila rated 95 in April 2010 a medium-light roast sold by Terroir Coffee in Massachusetts
  • Diedrich Coffee, rated 87 in September 2010, a dark roasted Colombia sold by a company with the same name in California
  • Colombia Monserrate Huila, rated 90 in august 2010, a medium roast from Temple Fine Coffee and Tea in sacramento, California
  • Colombia Los Narajos San Augustin, rated 91 in May 2010, a light roast from PT's Coffee Roasting Co., in Kansas
  • Newman's Own Organic Colombian Especial, rated 91 in May 2010, a medium roast from Green Mountain Coffee Roaster in Vermont
  • Organic Colombia Rainforest Alliance Certified, rated 91 in May 2010, a medium roast sold by Supreme Bean Coffee Roasters in California


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)