- Food and Cooking
How Food Tastes in Fresh Food Have Changed Since the 1940s
I Was 6 Years Old the First Time I Saw a Banana - hard to imagine nowadays when imported bananas are so common-place in the UK where I live
It was a couple of years later that I found out how bananas actually tasted. I was eight years old
During the War, we left home and led a nomadic existence, travelling around the UK, to be near my father who was in the army. After the War ended in 1945, we returned to our home in Essex. I went to the local school, and have a clear memory of a girl in a dark blue uniform and pale blue blouse rather ostentatiously peeling a creamy-coloured fruit with yellow skin; she was surrounded by a circle of curious blue-uniformed onlookers - none of us had ever seen a banana before, It was a couple of years later that I found out how bananas actually tasted.
We Couldn't Get Bananas Until the Late 1940s
When I was nine, we emigrated to Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia), and, imagine my excitement to find we actually had banana trees growing in our garden
Water was sometimes in short supply, so we had a hosepipe attached to the water pipe and used our old bath water to feed the bananas. I learned as the plants developed that they grow beautiful dark reddish-purple flowers, which gradually turn into bananas, green at first, and then yellow and brown. We also saw red bananas, which came from the nearby Belgian Congo (now Zaire).
We didn't have food rationing in Africa, and I only saw ration books when we returned to England. Bananas were still rather special in England for a few years, but gradually became commonplace, and now they are one of the cheapest fruits here, and immensely popular with both the indigenous and immigrant population. It's so easy to grab a banana if you don't have time for a meal, to eat on the run.
Rows of Unripe Yelllow and Green Bananas - very cheap, just 65p (45c) per lb. (you can just see the price label at the top of the picture)
My mother wouldn't let me eat a lot of bananas because she said they were fattening, and had no nourishment
However, many years later I spoke to a Peruvian who told me that bananas are very nourishing, with lots of trace elements, and that she was brought up to eat two bananas a day.
Large quantities of fruit and piled-up fruit bowls are a lot more common now than when I was a child
My family have always been big fruit-eaters but I know many people only ate seasonal fruit like berries in summer and apples and pears over the colder months. Fruit seasons have now been much extended, by technological advances, and importation of fruit has become relatively cheaper over the years, so that exotic fruits sit side-by-side with local fruit, and are not prohibitively expensive.
Bowl of Fruit, Including Pineapple, Tangerines, Apples and Mango
London has a wonderfully ethnic mix of food
And our greengrocers vie with each other to display the widest range of fruit and vegetables, some of which I have still never tried as they look a bit suspect; but as they are displayed in large quantities, obviously many people are buying them.
Our Government has been running a campaign for a few years, encouraging people to eat their five-a-day, and more and more people are taking heed and doing just that.
We are now told we should be eating at least five portions of fruit or vegetables a day, and the British Government has campaigned for this
Do you eat your Five a Day?
I was Given a Blender Similar to the one Below as a Christmas Present - They've Only Been Around for a few Years
I love it and use it regularly for:
Smoothies: Recently I have made fruit and vegetable smoothies, and rather daringly even added raw beetroot. I thought it might taste revolting, but in fact it had a pleasant, sweetish flavor. Years ago I would have made soup with beetroot, or pickled it, but never thought of using it raw until I read on the internet about its health benefits.
Soup: I've also used up all my oddments of vegetables from my fridge, cooking them, and then blending the mixture with the vegetable water, adding a little yogurt or milk to make a very nice creamy soup.
Ice Cream: I've also very successfully made an ice cream mixture by blending fruit with plain Greek-style yogurt and then freezing it in an ice cream maker.
The beauty of doing all this at home is that you know precisely what ingredients have gone into it, and you can limit unhealthy additions like sugar or salt, by using about half the quantity you'd get in manufactured products.
Juicers and Blenders are Must-Have Kitchen Implements now - This one is the #1 Amazon Bestseller in Personal Size Blenders (Unheard of in the 1940s)
• Effortlessly pulverizes fruits, vegetables, superfoods and protein shakes
• High-torque power base and 600-watt motor
• Power, patented blade design with cyclonic action
• Includes a power base, 1 tall cup, 2 short cups, 1 flat blade and 1 emulsifying blade, 2 re-sealable lids, pocket nutritionist and manual with recipes
In seconds it cracks through stems, shreds tough skins, busts open seeds and pulverizes even the toughest ingredients, where most of the essential nutrition lies, to make healthy, nutritious drinks that can help you fight and prevent disease, lose weight, relieve joint pain, promote healthy, younger-looking skin, and even add years to your life
Herbs and Spices
In the 1950's and 1960's, if we made curry at home, this meant curry powder, not the wonderful, aromatic range of herbs and spices you see in most grocery shops nowadays. We might have added a little powdered ginger, some cinnamon and and a clove to be adventurous, but that was all. We certainly didn't use garlic, because that made your breath smell.
On the whole, English food was tasty but fairly bland.
Immigrants continued to swell our population from the 1960s
Gradually, at Asian-run grocery stores, from 1960 onwards, we would become accustomed to seeing coriander (haldi) and cumin (jeera) as well as garam massala, mixed spice, cardoman, methi, mixed Chinese five-spice, monosodium glutamate and lemon grass.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, as we began to travel more to the Mediterranean countries for our holidays, we became more used to the Southern European style of food, realized what we were missing, and began using garlic more, and also peppers and chillies.
Fresh Ginger and Garlic
Who would have thought that by 2000 we would be using garlic every day?
Because of its health properties, I aim to use at least two cloves of garlic a day. I also use a pound of red peppers a week and love chillies so much that I eat a teaspoonful of Chinese chilli prawn oil nearly every day - is that an addiction or what?.
And in the 1990's we began to use fresh coriander leaves and fresh ginger regularly, and ethnic food stores sprang up everywhere, with a marvellous variety of bottled peppers and olives, a huge variety of herbs in small plastic bags, and other Greek and Turkish delicacies.
Red Peppers - this is the Romero variety, long and thin
More recently we have seen shop shelves filled with tins, packets and bottles of Polish food - mysterious unpronounceable mixtures of sauerkraut, beans and sausages - and now. lately, Bulgarian and Roumanian imports.
In the 1950s, we had Mostly Seasonal Fruit and Vegetables
Seasonal fruit and vegetables were grown locally, or within easy transport distance as imports were rare and expensive. So in winter we had mainly root vegetables and some greens like cabbage and Brussels sprouts, and seasonal fruit such as apples and pears.
Then in spring there was more cabbage, apples and pears, and in summer asparagus, lettuce, raspberries, strawberries, gooseberries and other soft fruit.
Strawberries at any other time were unheard of, whereas now we can get them virtually all the year round, at a price.
Freshly Picked Apples from a Tree in London
Fruit is imported nowadays from different parts of the world, depending on season
So nowadays we get mangoes, melons, oranges, lemons, pineapples, figs, bananas and kiwi fruit throughout the year. I can't remember seeing kiwi fruit in any quantity at all until about the 1970's, and they have gradually become more popular.
Fruit is Now Imported From All Over the World - Here are Some Ripe Spanish Figs
Just after the War Tomatoes Were Only Available From Late Spring to About October
Then we started getting them over a longer period as they were grown under cover and later on they were imported from all over Europe. We now have tomatoes all year round. They do become more expensive from about January to May, but are still plentiful.
I've noticed recently that a lot more tomatoes are sold still on the vine. They used to be substantially more expensive than loose tomatoes, but the difference in price is much smaller now, and tomatoes on the vine have a stronger flavor, as well as lasting longer, and being more decorative, if you care for such aesthetics.
We now have tomatoes all year round
Frozen Fruit and Vegetables
Although the process of freezing fresh produce has been around since the War, and even earlier, I don't remember seeing frozen vegetables around much until the mid 1960's. Then we would get frozen peas, beans and sprouts. Gradually we would see the introduction of frozen chips, roast potatoes, rice, roast parsnips, and spinach.
Only in the last few years have we been buying things like frozen soya beans and edame beans, frozen okra, frozen peppers and frozen mixed Mediterranean vegetables, as our taste for these more exotic vegetables increased, along with our taste for a variety of ethnic meals.