- Food and Cooking
How Many Different Types of Nuts are There?
Just a Little Great Stuff
Cooks and grocers define nuts as anything with edible kernels and hard shells
We were snacking on a bowl of mixed nuts, when my daughter asked "How many different types of nuts are there?" My reply "I don't know." So we went on a quest to find out just how many nuts we could find. I was surprised 53 is what we found. I was also surprised to find out what nuts really are.
You know what you can't ask anyone these days the answer is google it so that's what we did.
Here is what we found: A Nut is a hard shelled fruit of some plants that has an indehiscent seed. While a wide variety of dried seeds and fruits are called nuts. I'm confused are you?
1. Almond: small bushy deciduous tree native to Asia and North Africa having pretty pink blossoms and highly prized edible nuts enclosed in a hard green hull
2. Beech: any of several large deciduous trees with rounded spreading crowns and smooth grey bark and small sweet edible triangular nuts enclosed in burs
3. Butternut: oily egg-shaped nut of an American tree of the walnut family
4. Brazil nut: three-sided tropical American nut with white oily meat and hard brown shell
5. Candle nut: It has a very hard shell usually sold with the shell removed. The cream colored kernel is about the size of a chestnut.
6. Cashew: The kidney-shaped nut that grows on the outside of the cashew apple at its base. The shell is highly toxic.
7. Chestnut: This nut of the chestnut tree was once abundant in America, but most were killed by a fungus at the turn of the century. The many varieties of chestnuts can be boiled, candied, dried, preserved, pureed, roasted, or ground into flour.
8. Chinese chestnut: a small tree with small sweet nuts; wild or naturalized in Korea and China.
9. Malabar Chestnut: Pachira aquatica is a tropical wetland tree native to Central and South America where it grows in swamps.
10. Sweet chestnut: The Sweet Chestnut (Castanea sativa, family Fagaceae), also known as the Spanish Chestnut, Portuguese Chestnut or European chestnut, is a species of chestnut originally native to southeastern Europe and Asia Minor.
11. Colocynth: Can be poisonous
12. Clurbita ficifolia: is a type of squash grown for its edible seeds, fruits, and greens.
13. Filbert: a species of hazelnut
14. Gevuina avellana: is a species related to macadamia that produces a similar edible nut but is adapted to cool climates.
15. Hazelnut: A hard-shelled nut with an oval or round kernel, high in fiber. Also known as cob nut.
16. Hickory nut: An extremely hard-shelled, high-fat nut used in cakes, cookies, sweet breads, and candies. They are also suitable in recipes calling for pecans.
17. Pecan: is a species of hickory, native to south-central North America, in the United States from southern.
18. Shagbark Hickory: the nuts are moderate in size and thin shelled. It takes a hundred shelled seeds to make a pound.
19. Kola Nut: bitter brown seed containing caffein; source of cola extract. Also called Cola Nut and Cola. Central nervous system stimulant, diuretic antidepressant, and astringent.
20. Macadamia: A small, round, brown nut with a buttery, slightly sweet flavor and a high fat content. Used in a variety of dishes. Also known as "bush nut”
21. Mamoncillo nut: is actually the seed of a Spanish lime.
22. Maya nut: Known as the breadnut related to the fig and the mulberry.
23. Mongongo: Dry fruits are first steamed to soften the skins. After peeling, the fruits are then cooked in water until the maroon-colored flesh separates from the hard inner nuts. The pulp is eaten, and the nuts are saved to be roasted later. I wouldn’t eat this one as the nuts are collected from elephant dung.
24. Oak acorns: The acorn, or oak nut, is the nut of the oaks and their close relatives. Acorns are one of the most important wildlife foods in areas where oaks occur.
25. ogbono nut: is a sun dried fat and protein rich nut
26. Paradise nut: the seed of the sapucaia.
27. pili nut: A nut from a tree native to the Philippines and other Pacific Islands. This light brown, triangular nut has a smooth, hard shell. Normally roasted before being eaten and is added to rice dishes and used to make confections.
28. Pistachio: Nuts that have a distinctive open shell, allowing them to be roasted and salted whole.
29. Walnut: nut of any of various walnut trees having a wrinkled two-lobed seed with a hard shell.
30. Coconut: large hard-shelled oval nut with a fibrous husk containing thick white meat surrounding a central cavity filled (when fresh) with fluid or milk.
31. Horse-chestnut: buckeye: the inedible nutlike seed of the horse chestnut.
32. Lychee: Chinese fruit having a thin brittle shell enclosing a sweet jellylike pulp and a single seed; often dried.
33. Pine nut: A high-fat nut from inside the pine cones of several pine trees. These nuts are expensive because it is labor-intensive to harvest.
34. Cacao: The cacao bean is the seed of the fruit often thought of as a culinary nut.
35. Soy nut: Soy nuts are made from whole soybeans which have been soaked in water and then baked until crisp and brown.
36. Sunflower: The nut contained inside the long black and white striped seeds from the sunflower plant.
37. Acorn: fruit of the oak tree: a smooth thin-walled nut in a woody cup-shaped base.
38. Peanut: underground pod of the peanut vine
39. Illipe: A nut yielding a fat having similar properties to cocoa butter.
40. Pandanus: Old World tropical palm like trees having huge prop roots and edible cone like fruits and leaves like pineapple leaves.
41. Java: coffee bean?
42. Mangosteens: two- to three-inch tropical fruit with juicy flesh suggestive of both peaches and pineapples.
43. Monkey nut: peanut: pod of the peanut vine containing usually 2 nuts or seeds; `groundnut' and `monkey nut' are British terms.
45. Guarana: is caffeine in herbal form. Guarana is between 2.5 and 5 percent caffeine, which is two and a half times the amount of caffeine in the coffee bean.
46. Akee: The fruit is pear-shaped. When it matures, it changes from green to a shiny red to yellow-orange, and breaks open to disclose three big, bright black seeds, circled by soft, creamy or sponge like, white to yellow flesh.
47. Genuip: no information found
48. Calabash: The CALABASH is a very hard pod that hangs from a small West Indian tree.
49. Betel: seed of betel palm; chewed with leaves of the betel pepper and lime as a digestive stimulant and narcotic in southeastern Asia.
50. Nutmeg: Despite the name, nutmeg is an evergreen seed that won't trigger tree nut allergies.
51. Ginkgo: A delicately sweet nut from the heart of the inedible fruit of the maidenhair tree. Particularly popular in Asian cooking.
52. English walnut: nut with a wrinkled two-lobed seed and hard but relatively thin shell; widely used in cooking.
53. Black walnuts: A highly fat walnut that is better used with other foods than out-of-hand. Used in cakes, confections, and ice cream.