ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How Tequila is made

Updated on July 25, 2009
Blue agave plants - Photo by jay8085 on Flickr.com under Creative Commons License
Blue agave plants - Photo by jay8085 on Flickr.com under Creative Commons License

Tequila is one of the tastiest liquors ever made. It is produced from a mexican plant called agave, specifically, from blue agave. These plants grow in the sandy soil of Jalisco, Mexico, and have spiky leaves growing from a "piña" (Spanish for pineapple). This piña or core is the raw material for making tequila.

When the plant is ripe, leaves are chopped away by someone known as a "jimador". It is quite a demanding job since the plant must be cut in the precise moment. If the plant is too young, it won't have enough sugar to ferment into liquor. If the plant is too old, its sugar will have been used by the plant with reproduction purposes. Usually, the plants are cut on their twelfth year of life, but this may vary and it's jimador's task to decide when to harvest them.

Jimador chopping agave plant leaves - Photo by RJL20 on Flickr.com under Creative Commons License
Jimador chopping agave plant leaves - Photo by RJL20 on Flickr.com under Creative Commons License
Blue agave piñas - Photo by dakotaduff on Flickr.com under Creative Commons License
Blue agave piñas - Photo by dakotaduff on Flickr.com under Creative Commons License

Piñas normally weigh between 80 and 200 pounds. Approximately, 15 pounds of agave piña are required to produce one liter of tequila. When the plants are collected, they are cut in half or in little pieces and roasted in big "hornos" (Spanish for ovens). The heat activates a chemical process inside the piñas that transform starches into sugar. After the toasting process, the piñas are recollected an pressed hard to extract their juices.These juices are put in big fermenting tanks where the sugar will transform into alcohol. Before this, yeast is added to the tanks. Every distiller keeps their yeast as their bussiness secret. No one knows exactly in what quantities or what kind of yeast is added to the famous tequila brands like José Cuervo, Herradura or Jimador.

The fermenting process of the juices takes between 30 and 48 hours. After this, around 6% of juices is alcohol. After this, the liquid is silver tequila, which can be bottled and sold. It can also be put to age in oak barrels, transforming in gold tequila which is preferred by much.

There's also a more special kind of tequila known as Reposado (Spanish for rested). It's aged for a year or more, which makes it stronger. It can be aged for many time, creating a delicious liquor that it's usually the most expensive tequila.

Tequila aging barrels - Photo by mickou on Flickr.com under Creative Commons License
Tequila aging barrels - Photo by mickou on Flickr.com under Creative Commons License
Bottled tequila - Photo by johnmarkos on Flickr.com under Creative Commons License
Bottled tequila - Photo by johnmarkos on Flickr.com under Creative Commons License

After this process, the liquor is bottled and distributed to all the world, where people drink it pure, in shots, or in sweeter cocktails like the famous Tequila Sunrise or Margarita.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      HENRY 

      4 years ago

      what is the difference between pineapple and taqulia

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 

      5 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Fantastic. Only recently I could sip it and I loved it. It was a friend, who brought it from USA. We had a happy time while taking some shots. Thank you for sharing. I have given a link to this hub on my recent hub on Feni, the popular drink of Goa, India. Moreover it is shared on my FB account.

    • shadowrose_20 profile image

      shadowrose_20 

      9 years ago

      I Love it!!! learning new things like that is great i never knew the whole process..KUDOS

    • profile image

      Tahiana 

      9 years ago

      I love tequila! Kisses from Mexico!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)