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How To Make Yam Flour And Yam Powder
Short history of yam
Yam is one of the most common staple foods in Africa; they are native plants of Africa and Asia. Yams belong to the Dioscoreaceae family of roots and tubers. There are more than 400 yam varieties, and 90 percent of them grow in Africa, the rest from other parts of the world.
Yam, as being said before belongs to genius known as discorea and is sometimes referred to as starchy vegetables. Yams are tuber plants which vary in sizes and shapes. They are largely planted in the tropical rain forest.
Yam contains a very large amount (in percentage) of water which makes it prone to decay. Preservation of yam requires very serious activities. Hence, the ways to preserve is what this article centers on.
Preservation of Yam
There are various ways of preserving yam. Two of them are making it into flour and making it into powder. You would say there is no difference between flour and powder; of course, there is a difference between the two words especially when are dealing with yam. We shall discuss how to make yam into flour or powder.
Procedures To Make Your Yam To Flour
The procedure in making of yam flour is as thus:
1) Peel the back of the yam.
2) Slice the peeled yam into sizes of 2cm in diameter and 1cm thick.
3) Boil enough amount of water that can submerge all the yam sliced..
4) At boiling point, pour all the sliced into the boiling water and ensure the boiling water submerge them all.
5) Allow to boil for about 20mins.
6) Remove the cooked yam from the boiling utensil and place them in a dryer (the dryer and how to fabricate it will be discussed in the subsequent article )
7) Allow it to dry (the time and temperature will determine how long it will take to dry).
8) Remove the dried flakes and grind them as much as possible. Sieve the grounded yam. The aperture of the sieve will also be described in the next article. Making of yam powder will also be described in the next article.
Like I said before, we are also going to be describing how to design a simple dryer for the yam flour and yam powder. Stay tuned. Your comment/contribution is highly appreciated