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How To Start and Manage a Vegetable Garden

Updated on February 18, 2017

What You Will Need

Tiller: Use a tiller to prepare the soil by mixing soil, manure and chopping up all the roots and weeds.

WheelBarrow: A wheelbarrow makes transferring plants, dirt or vegetables easier.

Shovel: Use a shovel to help loosen dirt around the plants for better growth.

Gloves: Use gloves to protect your hands from stickers.

Garden Hoe: A hoe is great for loosening dirt and also for making rows or hills to put seeds in.

Mattock: A mattock is a great way to break ground on a new garden before using the tiller.

Pruning Shears: These shears are used for cutting weeds and roots away from the veggie plants.

Green House Effect (Start Indoors)

To have a successful garden it requires lots of labor and love.

To get an easy start I have learned that it is easiest to start out around March. You can get plastic trays with clear plastic dome tops at a store or you can make your own at home. Fill the containers with potting soil and put two seeds every 6 inches and push them down 2 inches into the dirt. Then you will want to fill the containers with water. Be careful not to over water but, you do want to add enough water that the dirt is saturated.

Then place the plastic top over the trays and place them in a window. After three weeks remove the plastic tops but, leave the plants in the windows. Occasionally rotate the trays to keep the plants standing straight up because the plants will lean towards the sun. Begin watering these plants slightly every other day. Around mid April it's time to transfer them outside into the garden.

Note: During this time thin out the plants. Each plant should be around six inches apart from the others. You will also be able to tell what plants need thinning out. They will not flourish like the other plants do or, they will grow extremely close to each other. You might have to weed out the weakest plants. If they are dying already then, just go ahead and pull those out. This will make the other plants stronger by allowing them to get sun.

Garden Tiller

Tillers are used for mixing soil, manure and dirt together as well as for breaking up roots and rocks in the garden before planting seeds.
Tillers are used for mixing soil, manure and dirt together as well as for breaking up roots and rocks in the garden before planting seeds. | Source

Starting Your Garden Early

Prepare The Ground

Use a tiller to grind up your garden into a big pile of dirt. Then spread an equal amount of potting soil and manure all over the ground you tilled. Use enough potting soil to not only cover the ground you tilled but, make sure it's at least one inch thick. Then till your garden again to mix all the ingredients together. Sometimes it may be necessary to use a mattock or a shovel in conjunction with the tiller to get the ground just right.

After tilling it is time to make rows or hills. The dirt will be loose and easy to maneuver. Simply use a garden hoe to make long rows and make sure the rows are at least a foot high to prevent rain from washing away your seeds or plants.

Pruning Shears

Pruning shears are used to cut weeds and grass away from your veggies.
Pruning shears are used to cut weeds and grass away from your veggies. | Source

Transfer Seedlings From Inside To Outside

After you have made rows in your garden, you need to get the opposite end of your garden hoe or rake and use it to make small holes in the rows for transferring your plants. Now, it's time to put the plants in the holes. Keep the holes about 4-6 inches apart when you get ready to plant. Be careful not to tear the roots when transferring plants from one place to another. After putting the plants in the outside garden it's time to cover the dirt up. Make sure and put extra soil around the plants to keep them strong. Pack the dirt down hard to ensure the roots are protected and the plant is secure.

Mattock

A Mattock helps to break up dirt and roots in your garden. This tool helps keep your soil loose.
A Mattock helps to break up dirt and roots in your garden. This tool helps keep your soil loose. | Source

Veggie Lover

Peppers
Cucumbers
Tomatoes
Squash
Okra
Corn
Lettuce
Green Beans
Peas
 
Eggplant
 
Ten of the easiest vegetables to grow in a garden.

Keep The Weeds Out!

Use scissors or pruning shears every other day to trim weeds and unwanted grass away from your veggies. Be careful not to cut any roots near your plants as this will force them to die. Also, you can trim off any bad leaves growing from your plants.

Tip: Line the garden with newspapers to help keep weeds from sprouting up so fast.

Wheelbarrow

A wheelbarrow can perform many functions including transferring veggies or dirt from one place to another.
A wheelbarrow can perform many functions including transferring veggies or dirt from one place to another. | Source

Have You Had One?

Have you ever had a garden at your home?

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Sun, Water and Plant Food

Make sure the garden is not in the shade as your veggies will need lots of sunlight. That's the only control you have over that situation.

Make sure and water your plants every other day unless you have a very heavy rain then you can count that as one of the watering days.

Once a week water all the veggies with plant food which will make the garden produce larger and more vegetables than otherwise would be possible.

Potting Soil

Potting soil is very important for feeding your garden from the beginning.
Potting soil is very important for feeding your garden from the beginning. | Source

Get Rid of Insects and Birds

Seven Dust sprinkled on the leaves of your plants will help to repel insects which love to bite holes in your vegetables. Use this once a week or at least until you have several Marigolds growing.

Plant Marigolds every 5 feet or so in and around the garden. Marigolds are very pretty, come in different sizes and colors and most importantly they keep bugs away from your hard work.

To keep birds out, Buy a plastic owl with a swivel head. Birds are scared of owls. A scarecrow will work if it is made to look real enough. Believe me if your growing corn then you will need to do everything possible to keep birds away because they will plot ways to eat corn.

Planting a Veggie Garden

How To Garden Video

© 2014 Buster Johnson

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