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Wheat and Gluten Free Foods - How to eat wheat and gluten Free.

Updated on June 3, 2012
Gluten Free Grains
Gluten Free Grains | Source

What is Gluten and Why Eliminate it From Your Diet?

Gluten is a mixture of proteins that is combined with starch in many grains. It is responsible for the "chewiness" of many of the bread products that we eat every day.

Gliadin is one of the proteins in gluten that seems to cause the most trouble. When it gets into your body, it may cause an allergic reaction that leads to inflammation. In extrememe cases, celiac disease may result. However many people may be sensitive (non-celiac gluten sensitive NCGS) to gluten and experience barely to highly noticeable low-grade inflammation which manifests as gas, bloating, skin irritations, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, fatigue and depression.. Many times these discomforts are minor and can be accepted as a normal part of life. If the discomforts however are not acceptable because the quality of life is diminished, eating wheat and gluten free can help.

The following table shows foods that are free from gluten and those that contain gluten.



With Gluten
Gluten Free
Notes
Barley, Barley Malt and Extract
Amaranth
 
Bran
Bean Flour
 
Bulgar
Manioc flour
Cassava
Couscous
Cornmeal
 
Durum
Corn Flour
 
Spelt
Arrowroot Flour
 
Rye
Buckwheat/Kasha
Buckwheat is not a grain - it is a nut that can be used as a grain. A small amount of gluten is present.
Farro
Corn
Corn may cause other allergies
Farina
Chick Pea Flour
 
Kamut
Flax
 
Emmer
Legume flours - bean/lentil/garbanzo
 
Einkom
Milet
 
Triticale
Oats
Avenin in oats is a problem for Celiacs
Graham Flour
Potato flour and starch
 
Matzo flour or meal
Quinoa
 
Orzo
Rice bran and flour
 
Panko
Sago
 
Seritian
Sourghum
 
Semolina
Soy
 
Udon
Teff
 
Wheat- all types (germ,bran, germ, glutten, durum, starch,
Tapioca flour
 
 
Soy flour
 
 
 
Many pre-packaged foods, be especially wary of soups, deserts, beverages, candy and condiments*
 
 
Some gluten free grains have been milled with those using wheat and gluten so cross contamination will occur.
Orzo
 
*Hidden sources include malt beverages, hydrolyzed vegetable protein HVP, HPP and soy sauce

Other sources of gluten that may be overlooked

The following foods and bevarages contain gluten or trace amounts off gluten:

  • Ales
  • Beers and other Lagers
  • Breading
  • Brown Rice Syrup
  • Coating mix
  • Communion Wafers (at church)
  • Croutons
  • Candy
  • Luncheon Meats
  • Broth
  • Pasta
  • Prepared Sauces
  • Soups
  • Stuffing
  • Imitation Baking and seafood
  • Soy Sauce
  • Prepared marinades
  • Supplements
  • Prescription medications
  • Cosmetics - lip balms, glosses and lipstick


Dietary Suggestions

Many of the gluten free items will be familiar such as rice and corn - follow these guidelines to create alternatives when baking and cooking. Keeping a quantity of ready mixed flours you have blended yourself in your pantry will make it easier for you to have things on hand when you want to bake. Rmember, if you are cooking for a celiac, cross contamination can be serious for them so try to use separate and clean utensils.

  • For baked goods equal parts of brown rice flour, potato flour and tapioca starch simulate the consistency of flour
  • Cook whole grains in a rice cooekr. Just use the grain to water ration recommended on the instructions
  • When substituting flours, each flour may require thickening agents. use corn flour or tapioca flour.
  • Try quar gum, xanthum gum or a little extra gluten free baking powder to your flour mixes for better baking results.
  • Add an extra egg to pancakes to improve texture if necessary

Comments

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    • purifylife profile image

      Kimberly 3 years ago from Ohio

      Loved it!

    • pjmitch profile image

      Philip Mitchell BSc Hons D.C. 4 years ago from Singapore

      This is a great list, thanks for sharing.

    • Lizam1 profile image
      Author

      Lizam1 4 years ago from Victoria BC

      icmn91 cross contamination can be a very serious problem. Thanks for stopping by.

    • icmn91 profile image

      icmn91 4 years ago from Australia

      I'm gluten free as well, but unfortunately had a very bad experience at a fully catered university residence (which I hubbed about).

    • Lizam1 profile image
      Author

      Lizam1 5 years ago from Victoria BC

      renee21 thanks for the comment and stopping by.

    • renee21 profile image

      renee21 5 years ago

      I'm also gluten free. This hub is quite helpful.

    • mecheshier profile image

      mecheshier 5 years ago

      Great Hub and info. Love the study of plants and herbs.

      @teaches12345:

      Buckwheat is not related to wheat and is in the Polygonales family. They are not cereals/grasses or nuts, they are related to knotweeds, sorrels and rhubarb.

    • Lizam1 profile image
      Author

      Lizam1 5 years ago from Victoria BC

      You are welcome teaches 12345. I recently discovered gluten in a couple of things I enjoy. Hey ho. Wish there was easier labelling.

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 5 years ago

      I didn't know that buckwheat was a nut. I never noticed if it is posted as an allergen in pancakes. I will have to check on this one. Gluten certainly is present in many food items. Thanks for sharing.