ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Make Baklava: Step-by-Step with Video

Updated on September 18, 2011
Middle Eastern baklava - layers of pastry and nuts soaked in syrup - is thought to have originated in Turkey. Photo by Christaface.
Middle Eastern baklava - layers of pastry and nuts soaked in syrup - is thought to have originated in Turkey. Photo by Christaface.

Baklava, a luscious Middle Eastern specialty, consists of alternate layers of phyllo (also known as filo or fillo) pastry and chopped nuts, which is doused in syrup while still hot and then cut into triangular pieces. Of Greek or Turkish origin, baklava first appeared during the time of the Ottoman Empire, about AD 1300.

Phyllo pastry, a fine, paper-thin dough, can be bought ready-made from supermarkets and delicatessens. Rose water or orange-flower water can be bought from chemists.

Baklava will keep for 2-3 days in a plastic container in the refrigerator.

Preparation time: 25 minutes

Cooking time: 25-30 minutes

Oven temperature: preheat to 350° F (180° C)

Makes: 16

You will need

  • 2 ounces (60 g) hazelnuts, blanched and chopped
  • 3 ounces (90 g) almonds, blanched and chopped
  • 1/3 cup sugar
  • 1 level teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • Phyllo pastry (about ½ x 12 ounce (375 g) packet)
  • 2 ½ ounces (75 g) unsalted butter, melted


  • 2/3 cup sugar
  • 1 tablespoon lemon juice
  • 1 tablespoon water
  • Strip of lemon peel
  • 2 inch (5 cm) piece of cinnamon stick
  • 1 teaspoon rose water or orange-flower water (optional)

How to make baklava

Step 1 - Mix the hazelnuts, almonds, sugar and ground cinnamon.

Step 2
Step 2
Step 3
Step 3

Step 2 - Cut the pastry to fit a baking tray about 11 x 8 inches (28 x 20 cm). You will have about 10 sheets. Keep the pastry covered with a damp cloth. Brush the baking tray with melted butter. Lay a sheet of pastry over the buttered tray, brush its top with more melted butter and repeat with 3 more sheets. Spread half the nut mixture over the pastry.

Step 3 - Brush 2 more sheets of pastry with melted butter, and place on top of the nut mixture. Spread the remainder of the nut mixture over the pastry. Brush the remaining sheets of pastry with butter and place on top of the nut mixture.

Step 4 - Press down the edges all round to seal. With a sharp knife, mark the top layer of pastry into about 16 diamonds.

Step 5 - Bake in the center of a preheated oven for about 25-30 minutes until golden-brown.

Step 6 - Dissolve the sugar in the lemon juice and water, over low heat. Bring to the boil, add the lemon peel and cinnamon and simmer for 2 minutes. Remove from the heat. Reheat just before using.

Step 7 - As soon as the baklava is cooked, remove the lemon peel and cinnamon from the lemon syrup, and pour the hot syrup over the pastry. Leave to cool.

Step 8 - Sprinkle the baklava with the rose water or orange-flower water, if used, and cut into diamond-shaped pastries.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Page Turner profile image

      Suzanne Smith 

      9 years ago from Victoria, Australia.

      i'd like to say a big thank-you for the Baklava recipe. To brought back memories to my lare teen years. My father came across a small cake shop one day a bought a few slices and we tried and from then on we were hooked.

    • The Good Cook profile imageAUTHOR

      The Good Cook 

      9 years ago

      It is delicious - but best eaten in small quantities because it's super-sweet! If it helps at all, filo pastry is also known as phyllo pastry or yufka in some parts of the world. Thanks for visiting.

    • profile image

      Feline Prophet 

      9 years ago

      I love baklava but I think I'll leave it to the experts to make! :P

      Sounds wonderful TGC, unfortunately filo pastry isn't that easy to come by in these parts.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)