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List Of Herbs

Updated on January 24, 2015

Fresh Herbs

List of Herbs
List of Herbs | Source

List of Herbs and how to use Them to Enhance the Flavor of Foods

Throughout the ages, herbs have had many uses, many people believed in the medicinal value of herbs, herbs were used as medicines to cure almost all ailments, such as fever, being poisoned , stomach pains, headaches, diseases and even the plague. Herb ointments were used to treat burns, insect bites, infections, as a bug and snake repellent,as protection from witches and evil spirits or to use in rituals. Herbs were also carried around as good luck charms and to ward off fatigue.

Nowadays we can find herbs in many skincare products, everything from toothpaste to shampoo. In Europe, dry lavender is placed in cupboards to repel moths. We drink herb teas for health benefits, and cook with herbs to enhance the flavor of foods.
It's amazing how small, fragrant, tasty leaves, can change the taste of the most simple of dishes, and make them mouthwatering meals.

Here are some recommendations on how to use herbs to enhance your food.
You can use fresh or dry herbs for cooking, as a rule use at least three times more fresh herbs , then you would dry herbs.

Fresh Basil Herb

Fresh Basil
Fresh Basil | Source


The word basil comes from the Greek (basileus) meaning "king". Many cooks consider basil to be the king of all herbs. It is great for use in salads, pastas, tomato sauces, fresh pesto, pizzas, soups, fresh cheeses and olives . Basil is one of the most used herb in Mediterranean countries.


Basil helps ease stomach cramps, constipation, headaches. Grow a pot of fresh basil and leave it in your house, by the window, to repel flies and Mosquitoes .
Basil has antibacterial and anti inflammatory properties and contains
* Vitamin A
* Vitamin C
* Calcium
* Iron

Basil Folklore

In medieval times it was believed that to carry a leaf of basil in ones pocket would bring wealth.It was also said to reduce stress, and increase energy.


Oregano has a slightly bitter, warm, lemony flavor and is used in any tomato based sauce, vegetables, is great for beef, chicken, fish or egg dishes and pizzas. Popular in Greek, Italian , Latin American cooking. In Turkey, oregano is used to flavor lamb.


Oregano has antiseptic, anti fungal, antiviral properties, aids in indigestion, heartburn and soothes churning stomach. Oregano contains
Vitamin A
Vitamin C

Oregano Folklore

Oregano was used to treat all poisons, bites, and was used as protection against witches.

Fresh Thyme

Thyme Herb
Thyme Herb | Source


Thyme has a tasty and aromatic, woodsy flavor and is used in fish, veal, poultry , beef, eggs, potato, pâtés and stuffing.


Thyme has antiseptic and antibiotic properties, it helps in healing wounds , soothes coughs and is a blood purifier.

Thyme Folklore

In ancient times thyme was used for burns, coughs, respiratory diseases. Eating thyme was thought to increase courage. Thyme under a pillow was said to ward off nightmares.

Fresh Rosemary

Fresh Rosemary Herb
Fresh Rosemary Herb | Source


Rosemary a highly fragrant pine like herb that is superb with all meats and stuffings.
Rosemary compliments lamb very well, so if you roast or pan fry lamb, use rosemary and lemon to enhance the flavor.


Rosemary is used for headaches, insomnia , nervous disorder and digestive ailments it is a circulatory stimulant, and has anti inflammatory properties.

Rosemary Folklore

People believed that sniffing rosemary regularly would retain youth. Rosemary was used ,to cure wounds, coughs, and as a memory enhancer.

Fresh Parsley

Parsley | Source


Parsley - a delicious fresh tasting herb that goes with everything from sauces ,to salads, stews, soups, meat dishes,vegetables and is very often used as a garnish.


Parsley contains
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin K

Fresh Dill

 Dill Herb
Dill Herb | Source


Dill is a light and feathery herb , great for fish, salmon, pickles, potatoes, salads, cucumbers, yogurts, sour cream, soups.
Popular in Germany, Finland, Norway and Russia.


Dill has mild antibacterial properties, which help destroy intestinal micro organisms. Dill is effective for the treatment of gas, indigestion and stomach upset

Dill Folklore

It was believed that putting a dill seed in ones shoe, before going to court would result in a sure win of the case. Dill was also used for protection against witchcraft.


Sage is used in stuffings, roast turkey, chicken, sausages, pork, veal, beef, potato, egg and beans.


Sage has antibacterial properties , helps clear fever, dilates blood vessels. Sage enhances concentration, and quickens the senses, it contains
Vitamin A
Vitamin B complex
Vitamin C

Sage Folklore

Sage was a fertility drug in ancient Egypt, in Ancient Greece it was used to clean wounds and stop them from bleeding. The Romans used sage in their bath, to ease aching muscles.


Marjoram - has a sweet,citrusy flavor and is used in soups, stews, sauce, lamb, eggs, vegetables, sausage and tomato dishes.


Marjoram is packed with antioxidants, it is said to have antiseptic and relaxing properties, make marjoram tea to help you relax, gargle with marjoram to help a sore throat, relives nausea stomach upset and constipation .
Marjoram contains
Vitamin A
Vitamin C

Marjoram Folklore

Marjoram was known to the Greeks and Romans as a symbol of happiness.

Bay Leaves

Bay Leaves
Bay Leaves | Source

Bay leaf

Bay leaf - adds a woodsy taste to soups, stock, sauces, stews, beans ,meats, marinates , fish and stuffings. Popular in Mediterranean cooking.


Bay leaves are used to keep moths away, have anti inflammatory properties, aids in digestive disorders. Bay leaves contain
Vitamin C
Vitamin A
Folic acid

Bay Leaves Folklore

Bay Leaves were used as an insecticide, Greeks believed the herb to represent honor, the bay laurel was used to make crowns and wreaths to signify victory, and was given to winners at the Olympian games.


Coriander - has a lemony, fresh , earthy flavor, is used in salads, as a garnish, rice dishes, seafood dishes, chicken ,a lot of Mediterranean, Asian, Mexican and Indian recipes.


Coriander is high in antioxidants, it regulates blood sugar, reduces cholesterol and has
Vitamin E
Vitamin C
Vitamin K

Coriander Folklore

In medieval times coriander was used in love potions, believed to stimulate passion. It was used as medicine for cough, plague and sleeplessness.

List of Herbs

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© 2013 ketage


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    • ketage profile image

      ketage 4 years ago from Croatia

      Hi My Cook Book, thanks :) I'm happy that you found it informative.

      I wrote this hub because I thought that it may be helpful, and I like the folklore :)

    • My Cook Book profile image

      Dil Vil 4 years ago from India

      This is an informative hub. Great share! Thank you.