ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Bread is the base of life

Updated on February 22, 2018


 Noni the Tajik bread 
"Bread is the base of life" 
"Collecting peaces of Noni I take them close to my eyes,
   Hot Noni I take close to my eyes"....
                                    Mirzo Tursun-zade (Tajik poet)
I can still remember the smell and taste of lepeshki (Russian) in 
Dushanbe and buying this fresh Tajik bread for 10 kopeks (or 20 
for the fancy one, with sesame seeds). I couldn't wait to come 
back to the apartment start taking pieces from a side. At home, 
 butter, hot lepeshki disappeared very fast. 
Boulder, Colorado is a sister-town of Dushanbe. Several years ago 
a Chaihona (Tea house) was built there by Tajik artisans. Aside 
from tea, the Chaihona also offers different types of Noni - Tajik 
bread. Beautiful and tasty Noni can also be found in Brooklyn, NY, 
where it is made by immigrants from Central Asia. It is beautiful 
because it is decorated with different patterns, especially when 
made for weddings (Noni "Tooena"). 
If I had to describe the shape of Noni, I would use word circle , 
sun or sunflower. It really warms you up and makes you happy, just 
like the sun.  Noni -Tooena is also decorated as a solar system 
with small planets.  Circle is the symbol of unity, of the 
absolute and of perfection. It's also a symbol of heaven, in close 
association with the symbolic significance of the Wheel. Sunflower 
is a symbol of the sun and of nobility. 
In Tajik cuisine, bread or Noni, is an important part of everyday 
menu. Sometimes it could be a meal itself, with beverages like 
tea, milk, or Sheer Choi (combination tea with milk). In the 
summer, Noni is often served with watermelon and other fruits as a 
 snack, or even lunch. Wheat, barley and recently cornflower are 
used to make Noni in Tajikistan. Bread can be sour (Noni-hamir) or 
regular ( Noni-fatir). Noni has an invariable round shape, but can 
vary in size or thickness. Sometimes it is baked in the oven 
call "tanduro" (sticking to the sides of the oven). Sourdough Noni 
is made in a Wok (no oil) -"koturma" or on a hot stone oven -
 "tobasangi". Other bread -"kumor" can be made from sourdough on 
milk and egg on ash inside the oven, and is a thick Noni.
Most types of Noni-Fatir are made from wheat flower. The dough is 
usually prepared on water with salt, but sometimes the bakers may 
use milk with butter instead. In the different places bakers can 
add Gee (Indian clarified butter), scallion, egg, almond,
 sesame seeds, squash, sugar, herbs, fry lamb fat to the dough.
Vahob Khodjaev (Lepeshki. Tadjikskaya kuhnya, "Irfon", Dushanbe, 
1989) introduces readers to the different types of Tajik Noni: 
Noni-kuturma; Arazani; Koturma Pieozi (with onion); Noni 
chafelakva shireshak - with "grass"; Noni kartoshka (with 
potatoes - kartoshka, Russian word for potato), Noni Bodomi - 
almond; Noni Jazanok- peaces of fry lamb fat. The booklet includes 
recipes for some types of Noni.
The various types of bread are a part of Tajik history and the 
history of human kind. Some Noni are close to the bread in Central 
Asian region, India -Gardacha, or Chapatti (thin), Non Gusht (with 
meat) reminds a Pizza, Noni Zagora (cornflower) as a tortiias.

         "Collecting peaces of Noni I take them close to my eyes,
   Hot Noni I take close to my eyes"....
                                    Mirzo Tursun-zade (Tajik poet)




    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • eneva profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago


    • profile image


      8 years ago

      You right but it not NONI it's NON,


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)