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Nutritional Value of Ginger
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Ginger, like onion and garlic, contains many beneficial nutrients to the human body. Ginger contains volatile oil, mainly composed of zingerone, shogaols, gingerols, citral and glutamic acid. Ginger also contains many other elements needed by the human body, such as protein, vitamins, carbohydrates, amino acids, phosphorus, iron and so on. The spicy flavor of ginger is mainly due to gingerol and some decomposition products like zingerone and zingiberene.
In addition to be added in the daily dishes or used as condiment, ginger can also be made into a variety of foods such as ginger powder, ginger oil, ginger drink, ginger preserves and so on, all of which are rich in nutrients and have good taste.
100 grams of dried ginger contain about 1146.6 kJ calories, 9.1 g protein, 46.3 g carbohydrates, 5.7 g fat, 0.1 mg vitamin B2, 17.7 g dietary fiber, 0.01 mg vitamin E, 22 mg phosphorus, 62 mg calcium, 3.1 mg selenium, 2.3 mg zinc and 9.9 mg sodium.
100 grams of fresh ginger contain about 172.2 kJ calories, 1.3 grams of protein, 7.6 g carbohydrate, 0.6 g fat, 28 mg vitamin A, 2.7 g dietary fiber, 0.02 mg vitamin B1, 170 mg carotene, 4 mg vitamin C, 0.03 mg vitamin B2, 0.8 mg niacin, 1.4 mg iron, 27 mg calcium, 25 mg phosphorus, 0.34 mg of zinc, 0.56 mg selenium and 14.9 mg sodium.
Ginger has anti-aging function. The body can produce many free radicals which is an aging factor and leads to age spots and vascular aging. The gingerol in ginger is an effective substance in eliminating free radicals, more effective than vitamin E. After digestion, gingerol is absorbed by the body to produce an anti-aging enzyme called superoxide dismutase, which can inhibit the process of lipid peroxidation and the production of lipofuscin pigment (two elements that cause the appearance of age spots)
Ginger contains a compound similar to salicylic acid, which can regulate the function of the prostate. Prostaglandins, secreted by the prostate, play an important role in the control of blood viscosity, thus have important effects on lowering blood pressure and preventing myocardial infarction.
Ginger contains an anti-cancer substance called panaxitriol that can inhibit the growth of cancer cell.
Ginger extract has anti-allergic effect that helps to prevent anaphylactic shock and some types of urticaria caused by eating fish. It can also be used in the treatment of migraine and arthritis.
Ginger is also thought to be very effective to relieve motion sickness symptoms such as vertigo and nausea.
Ginger has many health benefits in the prevention of many diseases. The major benefits are listed below:
Gingerol and the aromatic scent of many volatile oils can cause vasodilation and the excitement of central nervous system, promote blood circulation, increase blood pressure, increase sweating, regulate breathing and is conducive to metabolism.
Gingerol contained in ginger can stimulate the nerve endings in the digestive tract, causing gastrointestinal motility, increase the secretion of saliva and the digestive juice of stomach and intestine. The process helps to increase appetite, facilitate digestion, reduce serum cholesterol, enhance the body resistance to disease, prevent flu and stop coughing.
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