Organic Farming on hills
Organic farming on hiils in India
Organic farming refers to the natural way of cultivating the crops. It refers to the use of the natural compost to surge the agricultural production instead of using chemical fertilizers and hazardous insecticides. We hear about the cow dung used to be as base organic compost with all types of cultivation in the ancient times when there was no use of chemical fertilizers. Today the agricultural production due to excessive chemical fertilization has increased manifold. But unfortunately the quality of the food has decreased substantially in contrast with the increased production. This has caused lower immunity levels in human body and made vulnerable it towards many fatal diseases.
The old and traditional ways of farming where no chemical fertilizers are used are still in tradition in some remote hilly parts of north India like Uttarakhand, Himanchal and north eastern states of India. In some areas people have given up producing usual grains due to abundant of wild animals that destroys the crops. Instead they are producing the kind of cash crops which is less vulnerable to threats of wild animals. The barren land is also being used for organic farming so as to produce such cash crops which animals don’t eat. Since these are the pieces of land which has never been subjected to chemical fertilizers, provides a great opportunity for organic farming.
Eversince menace of chemical fertilizers awaken the world to prompt for organic cultivation, people living in these areas getting active towards grabbing the opportunity of producing organic and serving it to the world. Plenty of barren land still remains abandoned for years due to relocation of people in search of better jobs in cities. Now when there is so much stress about organic farming being given worldwide the good time is expected for these abandoned farms waiting for cultivation for years. Looking at the increasing global demand this profession is going to be beneficial one under new and changed socio-economic conditions.
Future outlooks of animal husbandry too look promising. More and more animals like Cow, goat etc are required looking at the need to produce the natural components like animal wastes. Since the demand for natural compost will increase with passage of time hence demand of usual components like cow dung will also increase. So organic farming not only increase the organic produce but side by side the animal husbandry profession as well. This will give an additional employment to the locals living in the vicinity. The best way to supply this organic food worldwide can be done by organic food processing.
Apart from the organic compost organic and natural pesticides can be used to prevent the crops from insects. In Rutaceae family Murraya koenigii (L.) Sprengel such a plant which as a whole plant except of its fruits is used as an insecticide. The organic compost and pesticides can be made by different ways using the organic components only. To protect soil from hazardous chemicals and fertilizers organic farming has become need of the hour. To keep the environment safe and to keep intact the basic inherent value of soil it’s essential to resort to organic farming. Green revolution caused substantial increase in agricultural production similar revolution is required to promote the organic production too.
It’s time for back to basic. We must adopt old traditional ways of farming like in the remote areas on hills of Northern India where no chemical fertilizer or hazardous pesticides are used for cultivation of crops. More it will be organic in nature better it will benefit the health.