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How To Make Petha - An Amazing Indian Sweet Made From Fresh Vegetable

Updated on June 26, 2011

Petha is a famous sweetmeat of India. It is made from a vegetable fruit named Ash Gourd. Although Petha is made in the northern states of India, it is equally famous in the other parts of the Indian subcontinent also. The Petha of Agra is most famous throughout India. Alum is used to make the pethas clean and bacteria free. In India this type of alum is called Fitkari and widely available in the local market in the crystal form. 


  • Ash Gourd          1 KG  peeled and cut)
  • Alum Powder  1 tsp
  • Sugar  750 g
  • Lemon Juice 1 tbsp

Cooked Petha
Cooked Petha
Alum (Fitkari)
Alum (Fitkari)


  • Take the ash gourd pieces and pierce it with a fork
  • Take a large pan of water
  • Put it on flame and bring it to boiling point
  • Add alum powder to it
  • Add ash gourd pieced to it
  • Boil it for fifteen minutes and take off from heat
  • Drain the water and immediately wash it thoroughly under cold water
  • Take one cup of water in a pan and put it on flame
  • Add sugar to it and cook it till the sugar is dissolved
  • Add lemon juice to the sugar syrup
  • Lower the flame and add the ash gourd pieces to it
  • Cook till the ash gourd is completely cooked
  • The consistency of the sugar syrup should be such that it should form a thread when you take it in a spoon and try to make a drop of it
  • Take off from heat and arrange the pethas in a tray; it should not stick to each other
  • Allow it to cool completely
  • Serve cold
  • It can be preserved for a few months also

Ash Gourd In The Field
Ash Gourd In The Field
Ash Gourd inside
Ash Gourd inside


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    • cupid51 profile image

      cupid51 7 years ago from INDIA

      Thanks shimmering for your interest in my recipe! Of course you can make petha without alum. But I can tell you that alum is not really a chemical. It is a naturally occurring mineral salt used as cleansing as well as antiseptic agent.

    • profile image

      shimmering 7 years ago

      Hi Cupid51,

      Apart from giving petha its white color, is alum a must. Or can I skip the alum part and still make the dish. I don't want to use alum, as its a chemical.

      And thanks for the recipe.

    • cupid51 profile image

      cupid51 7 years ago from INDIA

      Thanks kamran for your interest in petha recipe. There may be slight variation in recipes of different producers. and the renowned producers normally do not want to share their secret recipes!

      This recipe is simple and you can try it. If you are satisfied with the result, you may post it in youtube for the benefit of others!

    • profile image

      kamran 7 years ago

      I like petha a lot its so sweet and has its unique taste

      thanks for recipe if some one upload video of recipe.well i have seen three years back star plus programe of sanjeev kapoor he he visited petha sweet shop in haiderabad that sweet shop makes dozens of petha

      taste and their recipe is quite different,they put petha

      in chuna water for 12 hours then in vinegar(sirka) for 12 hours and then biling water for two hours and then in sugar with alaiche(rose water)or pista,or what ever color tast you would like to add you can add,i was wondering if some one upload that video programe on youTube if anyone has access its kamaran from lahore pakistan

    • cupid51 profile image

      cupid51 7 years ago from INDIA

      Thanks mythbuster for your reading and nice comment!

    • mythbuster profile image

      mythbuster 7 years ago from Utopia, Oz, You Decide

      Interesting recipe here. I have been given this food to taste (very tasty - I definitely enjoyed this dessert) but didn't know how it was prepared.

    • cupid51 profile image

      cupid51 7 years ago from INDIA

      Thanks lamme for your interest in Petha. It is really tasty! The vegetable has a lot of water content and has no strong taste.

    • Lamme profile image

      Lamme 7 years ago

      cupid51, I've never heard of ash gourd, but this sounds like it might be really tasty. I get the sugar glaze on the outside, just curious what the actual fruit/vegetable tastes like. Thanks for sharing this recipe!

    • cupid51 profile image

      cupid51 8 years ago from INDIA

      Thanks Dr irum for your interest in Indian sweet! Ash guard is available in almost all places of India, you may see from the picture that this vegetable plants are similar to any other guards and water Mellon plants.

    • Dr irum profile image

      Dr irum 8 years ago

      where it is available ash gourd ,i did not see that .interesting recipe .

    • cupid51 profile image

      cupid51 8 years ago from INDIA

      Thanks GALAXY for taking interest in my recipe! I have given the picture of ash guard so that people can easily find them.

    • GALAXY 59 profile image

      Galaxy Harvey 8 years ago from United Kingdom

      This sounds like a nice simple recipe that anyone could try. I've never heard of ash gourd I'll have to see if I can find one locally.

    • cupid51 profile image

      cupid51 8 years ago from INDIA

      Thanks always exploring for your interest in petha, it is really a tasty as well as healthy food.

    • cupid51 profile image

      cupid51 8 years ago from INDIA

      Thank you Tkumah for your interest in Indian food, Petha would be available in Indian stores. You can make it yourself if you get the ash gourd.

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Richert 8 years ago from Southern Illinois

      I never heard of petha, but sounds like it might taste good. Thank you


    • Tkumah profile image

      Tkumah 8 years ago

      I never had it but I seen the fruit or similar. Where I live there are lots of Indian authentic stores. I am going to try it soon.

      It looks so delicious.

      Where I come from we also use lots of Curry powder and turnemic and hot peppers, so naturally I am drawn .....

      Thank you for sharing.

    • cupid51 profile image

      cupid51 8 years ago from INDIA

      Thanks billyaustindillon for taking interest in Indian dessert. As you have seen this is a very simple recipe and you can try it in your kitchen also!

    • billyaustindillon profile image

      billyaustindillon 8 years ago

      Thank you for the description I was wondering how Petha was made.


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