ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

South Indian Cuisine - Tamil Nadu

Updated on June 28, 2011

 South Indian Cuisine

South Indian Cuisine or desi cuisine is a term used to refer to the cuisines found in the four southern states of India including Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Below you will find some of the popular South Indian foods.

South Indian breakfast foods - Tamil Nadu:

South Paper dosa with sambar, coconut chutney and tomato chutney
South Paper dosa with sambar, coconut chutney and tomato chutney

In South India, the popular breakfast food item consists of idli, dosa, poori, vadas, pongal, uppuma, chapati, puttu and appam. Idli, dosa and vada are served with sambar, coconut chutney and tomato chutney. Poori are served with potato curry or sambar. Puttu and appam are served with coconut milk.

Idli and dosa are made with rice, urad dal and fenugreek seeds.

South Indian lunch food items:

In Tamil Nadu, lunch items fall into four categories:

1. The first category is sambar, kuzhambu, rasam, 1 or 2 vegeatable curry, appalam and pickles. These are served with white rice, which is the staple food of the region. Lunch items are often served with plantain leaf or banana leaf

2. Second are the side dishes which include kootu/kari, and veggie poriyal.

Kootu - vegetables in wet style.

Poriyal - Vegetables in dry style.

3. Third are the desserts. Favorite South Indian sweet dishes incude payasam, kheer and kesari.

4. Fourth one include betel leaves or beeda.

South Indian lunch
South Indian lunch
Sambar
Sambar

 Sambar is a vegetable stew and is prepared using tamarind pulp, toor dal, herbs, spices and vegetables. You can use any kind of vegetables such as onions, potatoes, tomatoes, brinjals, beans, okra, drumsticks, carrots, raddish etc. Also you can use any one or a mix of these vegetables. Sambar powder can be made in large quantities and stored up to 6 months or 1 year.

Sambar preparation:
Soak the lemon size tamarind in a cup of water for ten to 15  minutes. Boil the half cup of toor dhal in a pressure cooker with turmeric powder and asafoetida. Extract the tamarind juice keep it aside for later use. Cut your favorite vegetables into small pieces. Heat a little oil and add mustard seeds, curry leaves, sliced onions, tomatoes and green chillies and fry for a minute. Now add vegetables and pour 200 ml of water, sambar powder, tamarind extract and salt to it. Keep boiling for 15 to 20 minutes on medium flame. After that add the cooked toor dhal and let it simmer for 5 to 7 minutes. Delicious sambar is ready to serve.

 Rasam is a popular South Indian soup and often served with white rice. Rasam is good for fevers, coughs and cold.  Rasam powder is prepared using coriander seeds, cumin seeds, asafetida, whole red chilli, black pepper and mustard seeds.

Other popular dishes include bisibele bath, vangi bath, tamarind rice, coconut rice, lemon rice, and tomato rice. These are some the variety rice eaten by tamilians.

Non vegetarian foods: Common meats in South India include mutton (goat), chicken, fish, mutton liver, and prawns. Some of the popular non vegetarian foods incude chicken biryani, mutton biryani, chicken curry,  fish fry, chicken 65, and prawn curry.

Chicken curry
Chicken curry

 Filter coffee:

Tamil Nadu is famous for its filter coffee as most Tamils have a subtle contempt for instant coffee. Filter coffee is made with roasted coffee beans 80% and chicory 20%. Then the coffee powder is put into a filter coffee set and hot water is added to prepare the decoction. It is then allowed to set for about 15 minutes. The liquid is then added to milk with sugar to taste. Delicious filter coffee is ready to drink.

 Common spices used in South Indian foods: Some of the spices include, cinnamon, cardamom, ginger, garlic, cloves, turmeric powder, cumin seeds and coriander seeds.

Some of the common south Indian spices incude sambar podi or sambar powder, rasam powder, idli podi and freshly ground garam masala. Garam masala is a blend of cardamom, cinnamon, cloves and black pepper.

Spices used in South Indian Cuisine
Spices used in South Indian Cuisine

How to make paper dosa and idli:

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Planetpink profile image

      Deepalakshmi 

      4 years ago from London,Ontario

      Nice

    • profile image

      taichi123 

      5 years ago

      how much it cost?

    • profile image

      hemanth 

      6 years ago

      nice chicken curry

    • profile image

      Indian Spices 

      7 years ago

      I am very happy to read your articles it’s very useful for me,

      and I am completely satisfied with your website.

      All comments and articles are very useful and very good.

      Your blog is very attention-grabbing. I am loving all of the in

      turn you are sharing with each one!…

      Indian Spices

    • brazilianjeans profile image

      brazilianjeans 

      7 years ago

      I would love to try Biriani, could someone post this recipe? Thanks!

    • Palak Verma profile image

      Palak Verma 

      7 years ago from Sunnyvale

      Love south Indian dishes...Good post..!

    • profile image

      delaine cools 

      7 years ago

      Being a vegetarian, I am looking forward to my south indian trip and trying out all the meatless alternatives! yummmy yum yum!

    • Faceless39 profile image

      Kate P 

      8 years ago from The North Woods, USA

      If only we could get all of this authentic Indian cuisine in every town in the US! I miss it sooo much. Wonderful article! YUM! :)

    • profile image

      Anil 

      8 years ago

      Mouth watering preparations. very nice. Some time these are essential. Congrats.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)