ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Hospitality Guru (cooking) Back to Basics: Types of Sandwiches

Updated on October 12, 2015

Types of Sandwiches


This basic sandwich consists of two slices of buttered bread with any filling and seasoning, cut into various shapes.  Crusts are generally left on, but can be removed.

Tea sandwiches

These sandwiches are also referred to as Pullman or finger sandwiches.  They are lighter than the conventional sandwich, with the crusts removed and cut into small triangles, fingers and squares.  Pullman sandwiches are sometimes prepared double-decker style, with three slices of bread, filled between each layer.

Pinwheel sandwiches.

Pinwheel sandwiches are another form of tea sandwich and as their name suggests they are shaped like a pinwheel.

They are prepared from large slices of bread cut lengthwise from a sandwich loaf.  The crusts are removed and the bread is spread with a soft filling such as a cream cheese spread, or butter, asparagus tips, smoked salmon, meat paste etc.  The bread is then rolled up tightly in the same manner as a Swiss roll, wrapped in foil, greaseproof paper or plastic wrap and set in the refrigerator.  Once it is firm enough, it is cut into slices and served.  Smaller pinwheel sandwiches can be used as canapés.

Cocktail sandwiches.

This type of sandwich is much the same as the tea sandwich except that they are cut much smaller, allowing them to be picked up with a toothpick.  A combination of white and brown breads can be used to achieve a checkerboard effect.  It is also a good idea not to use loose types of fillings in these sandwiches, as they are usually eaten standing up with a plate at a cocktail party etc.

Open sandwiches

As the name indicates, this sandwich is open not covered.  A variety of breads and fillings are used.  The best known open sandwich is the Danish where usually rye bread forms the base.  A great deal of emphasis is placed on a very attractive and appetising presentation.

An example of an open sandwich – a slice of rye bread, spread with mayonnaise, mignonette lettuce base, topped with slices of smoked salmon, garnished with onion rings, horseradish, cream, capers and a sprig of dill.

Warm or hot sandwiches

They range from the classical club sandwich to the more modern hamburger, steak sandwich or toasted sandwich.

Club sandwich

This is a sandwich consisting of three slices of toast spread with mayonnaise, filled with lettuce, sliced tomato, cooked chicken meat and grilled bacon.  The crusts are removed, the sandwich is cut diagonally and pinned with toothpicks.


This sandwich is an interesting variation in that it should be made hot but served cold.  The bookmaker consists of a grilled minute steak spread with English mustard and placed between two slices of buttered toast.  The juices from the hot meat soak into the toast.  This sandwich was traditionally pre seed, sliced and served cold.

Ribbon or domino sandwich.

Spread slices of white and brown bread with butter and a moist filling, and stack the slices alternately, white and brown.  Firmly press the stack of slices together, and cut off the crusts.  Place the stacks on trays, cover with foil and chill until firm.

Cut the stack into 2 cm slices.  Slices can be further cut into halves, thirds or triangles.  Arrange on a platter for serving.

It is important that the filling is moist in order to hold the slices together.

Draughtboard or checkerboard sandwich

Alternate two slices of white bread with two slices of brown bread, spread with a moist filling which will hold the slices together.  Cut the stack into 1 cm slices. Spread filling on the slices.


Sandwiches should be attractively served – on plates for individual serves or on platters for multiple serves.  The plate or platters can be decorated with suitable ingredients to enhance the overall presentation.


  • Sandwiches can be made from a variety of breads, fresh or toasted, cut into a range of shapes, and filled with almost an endless assortment of products.
  • Bread should always be fresh.
  • Bread for sandwiches should not be refrigerated as this will speed up staling.
  • Bread should be stored away from strong flavoured foods as it easily picks up odours.
  • All fillings such as meats, cheese, tomatoes etc should be evenly sliced in advance.
  • Sandwich ingredients should be prepared fresh daily.
  • Lettuce must be thoroughly washed and dried.
  • All vegetables must be washed, dried, sliced etc.
  • Serve sandwiches attractively on plates for individual serves or on platters for multiple serves.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image

      saviour usher 

      5 years ago

      Very good I like this sandwich .

    • saif113sb profile image


      8 years ago

      Excelente informatión and a Good hub. Thanks


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)