Top 10 Best Coffee Producing Countries in The World
What are the best coffee producing countries in the world? Well, I was inspired to write about this topic when my mind was blank in the morning and I was sipping a cup of hot coffee. I am an avid coffee drinker (and a tea drinker as well), and when I was thinking what to write about, this was the topic which suddenly flashed into my mind. So, here it goes: The top 10 best coffee producing countries in the world.
If you are a coffee drinker, one of the first countries you will remember for producing some of the best coffee is Brazil. Brazil produces an estimated 54 million bags of coffee. Brazil has maintained the top spot in producing some of the best coffee for over 150 years.
2. Costa Rica
Costa Rica started producing coffee in 1779. Coffee Arabica was brought to this country from Ethiopia. The Costa Rican government came with an open policy of offering plots to farmers who wanted to grow coffee. This open policy led to the development of coffee plantation system. Around 1829, production of coffee surpassed that of cacao, sugar and tobacco. Today coffee is one of the major sources of revenue in this country.
There is no single consensus on how coffee was brought to this country. However, coffee from Colombia has its own identity. If you are a coffee drinker, Columbian coffee is one of the best you can get due to its high quality coffee beans. It is also one of the largest producer of coffee in the world.
The French introduced coffee to this country in the year 1857. From then onwards, Vietnam has become an important coffee growing country in Asia. During the early 20th century, the small scale industry grew into a massive industry. In 2008, according to an estimate by Reuters, Vietnam exported about 1.13 million tonnes of coffee. It stood second to rice in value of exported agricultural products for that year.
Ethiopia is considered the birthplace of coffee. It is the 7th largest coffee producer in the world and the top producer in Africa. In fact half of the coffee produced by the country goes into domestic consumption. It is said that coffee trees were accidentally found by a goat-herder in an area called “Kaffa” after his goat started acting as if energized by eating a particular plant. The trees were called “Kafa” (very much sounds like coffee). There are four major types of coffee production systems in this country.
In recent years, India has managed to earn a spot in the top ten coffee producing countries in the world, due to its major coffee estates and plantations in the Southern parts of the country such as Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It is believed that outside the Arab world, India has been the oldest producer of coffee. It is said that coffee beans were smuggled into India from the Arab world in the 17th century. The country is known for its monsoon Malabar variety. Under British rule, India had already reached a stage of exporting coffee. India specializes in the production of Robusta coffee.
As compared to India, Indonesia is definitely a larger producer of coffee. About 90% of coffee produced in the country is done by small farmers. It also is one of the earliest producers of coffee apart from India outside the Arabic world. The country produces two major types of coffee beans: Coffea canephora and Coffea Arabica.
Honduras is primarily an agriculture oriented country and the country’s economy is very much dependent on its agricultural exports. Coffee is the largest cash crop in this country in terms of exports. The good thing about this country is that it has the required climate and environment for coffee production. However, unfortunately, it lacks the processing techniques, infrastructure and brand name due to which, exporters are unable to charge premium prices.
Coffee is produced in this country mainly in the southern and south central regions. Coffee was brought into Mexico from Antilles at the end of the 18th century. The country began exporting coffee by 1870. By 1980, coffee became an important export crop for the country. Mexico is probably the largest source of coffee for the USA. The country grows good amounts of Coffea Arabica.
Peru is another South American country which massively exports coffee and earns significant revenue through its coffee exports. The country has a large number of small-sized coffee plantations. Peru is known to be one of the major producers of fair trade and organic coffee beans in the world.
So, here are some of the best coffee producing countries in the world. So, the next cup of coffee you have, it will be a nice idea to check out which country your coffee beans came from.
To see what the different varieties of coffee beans used for preparing coffee are, visit http://karthikkash.hubpages.com/hub/Varieties-of-Coffee-Beans