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Top Ten Home Beer Brewing Tips

Updated on November 17, 2012

In this hub I've put together my ten top tips for successful home brewing. These tips are intended for begineers new or relatively new to the rewarding hobby of home brewing.


Tip Number 1 - Keep Your Equipment Clean

This might seem quite an obvious tip to be number one but dirty equipment is a major cause of failure in home brewing.

The best method for cleaning your equipment is to use slightly soapy water with a soft cloth and to rinse with boiling water.

Don't ever use any abrasive method of cleaning such as a stiff brush or a scouring pad as these will leave invisible scratches on your equipment which may harbor bacteria and cause your beer to go off.

More obstinate hardened on residue should be softened by soaking in hot water.

Photo courtesy of on Flickr
Photo courtesy of on Flickr

Tip Number 2 - Sterilize Your Equipment Correctly

Tip Number 2 is very closely related to Tip Number 1 but having clean and unscratched equipment is only the first part of the preparation of your equipment. You then have to sterilize your equipment to make sure that there are no nasty bacteria lurking to come out later and spoil your beer.

There are a few methods of sterilizing that can be used. My preferred method is to use sterilizing solution as I feel safer sloshing this around than boiling water. I also think the fact that I used sterilizing solution to clean my son's baby bottles made me more comfortable with this method. You can also use bleach but I read somewhere that bleach can be corrosive and toxic so I've never attempted to use this method.

Make sure you follow the manufacturer's guidance and dilute the sanitizer with the right amount of water. It is important that every part of every surface is covered by the sanitizer, hence the need to slosh the mixture around and don't forget to rinse everything with hot water and air dry. Using a cloth will just reintroduce the bacteria you've just spent so much time and effort getting rid of.

Don't forget to clean and sanitize every piece of equipment right down to your measuring jug and spoons.

Photo courtesy of darkpatator on Flickr
Photo courtesy of darkpatator on Flickr

Tip Number 3 - Temperature Control Matters

The temperature that you'll need to maintain depends upon what type of beer you are brewing. Normal ales have a fermentation temperature in the range 68 to 72 °F (20 to 22 °C) and lagers have a fermentation temperatures from 45 to 55 °F (7 to 13 °C).

If you're new to home brewing you might be wondering how brewers keep the temperature so high particulary in the cooler months. The problem is much more often trying to keep the temperature down this is because the fermentation process produces its own heat. An active fermentation can warm a typical 5-gallon (19-L) batch of beer by 10 to 15 degrees Fahrenheit (5.5 to 8.3 degrees Celsius).

There are two simple and inexpensive methods of controlling temperature and I've given these in Tips 4 and 5.

Tip Number 4 - Keep the Temperature Down

The simplest and cheapest method to keep the temperature of your brew down is to place your fermenter in a container of water and cover it with wet cloths that sit in the water to keep them wet as the water evaporates.  It is the evaporation process which cools the brew.

Tip Number 5 - Keep the Temperature Up

An effective and cheap way to keep the temperature up is to stop the heat escaping and you can do this by covering your fermenter with a thick blanket. 

Photo courtesy of david.nikonvscanon on Flickr
Photo courtesy of david.nikonvscanon on Flickr

Tip Number 6 - Nuture The Yeast

Tip Number 6 is in the same area as Tips Number 3, 4 and 5 because it concerns temperature but rather than the temperature for fermentation this is the temperature needed to nuture the yeast.

Quite simply the temperature of the mix must be between 21C and 27C when you add the yeast. If it is too high the yeast will die and if it is too low the fermentation process may not start.

It is also important to add the yeast to the brew without delay so getting the right starting temperature matters.  See Tip Number 7.  The longer you delay the more chance there is that your beer will become contaminated with bacteria or wild yeast.

Tip Number 7 - Getting the Right Starting Temperature

Tip Number 7 is directly connected to Tip Number 6.  A rule of thumb to get the right temperature to add your yeast you will need to use a ratio of 1 litre of boiling water to 10 litres of cold water.

Photo courtesy of darkpatator on Flickr
Photo courtesy of darkpatator on Flickr

Tip Number 8 - Water is a Key Ingredient

Beer is around 95% water so the water that you use matters. Some home brewers spend a great deal of time researching this area and it can be a very complex subject revolving around such things as ions, sulfate, chloride and sodium. I could devote a whole hub just to this subject but it is quite a specialist area so I doubt whether this hub will ever get written.

My simple tip as far as water is concerned is to use filtered tap water.

Tip Number 9 - The Airlock

The airlock is an important piece of kit as it is the way in which the excess carbon dioxide escapes during the first fermentation process.  It has to be a one way process so that no foreign bodies can get back into your brew.  This means that there are a few things you need to get right. 

  • The airlock needs to have a tight fit.
  • The airlock and the rubber grommet into which it fits need to be sterilized.
  • You have to half fill the airlock with boiled water to keep the air out.
  • To stop flies and other insects from getting into the water loosely place some cottonwool in the top of the airlock.  This keeps the flies out but allows the gas to escape.

Tip Number 10 - Give Your Brew Some Attention and Some TLC

A home brew is not something which you make and put in a corner somewhere and forget about.  It is a living process which needs a certain degree of attention to detail and some TLC to ensure a successful conclusion.


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    • profile image

      mobile themes 7 years ago

      well done this is a very informative and nice post..

    • Amber Allen profile image

      Amber Allen 7 years ago

      Hi EFR

      I hope your husband finds the information helpful. Thanks for your comment.


    • easyfreerecipes profile image

      easyfreerecipes 7 years ago from Atlanta, GA

      i just forwarded this to my husband, hope it helps him haha. thanks for he info

    • Amber Allen profile image

      Amber Allen 7 years ago

      Hi Peter

      From reading your hubs I can see that you enjoy your beer and homebrewing can be very enjoyable and rewarding hobby for the beer connoisseur.


    • Amber Allen profile image

      Amber Allen 7 years ago

      Hello Jennifer

      Nice to meet you and I see that you're a home brew enthusiast too!

      Thanks for reading my hub and commenting.


    • Amber Allen profile image

      Amber Allen 7 years ago

      Hi prasetio

      Thanks for visiting and raitng my hub up!


    • Peter Allison profile image

      Peter Allison 7 years ago from Alameda, CA

      This is great info! I want to start home brewing and this is inspiration!

    • jclason profile image

      jclason 7 years ago

      Excellent hub! I thought this was great for both the beginner or the expert home brewer.

    • prasetio30 profile image

      prasetio30 7 years ago from malang-indonesia

      Good evening, Amber. I love your tips and easy to practice. I never give attention to this. I'll bookmark this one. Good work and Rating Up.


    • Amber Allen profile image

      Amber Allen 7 years ago

      Never mind Art I'm sure it will do you the power of good!! Thanks for your kind comments on my Top Ten Home Brewing Tips.


    • profile image

      TattoGuy 7 years ago

      Really good hub Amber, my Dad used to brew his own beer, it would blow your head off. But no home made brewing for me, I am off the drink at the moment ; ) x

    • Amber Allen profile image

      Amber Allen 7 years ago

      Hi katie

      I'm so grateful to have a friend like you on Hubpages. Thanks for the tweet of Top Ten Home Brewing Tips.


    • katiem2 profile image

      katiem2 7 years ago from I'm outta here

      I just tweeted this for my followers. The Top Ten Home Brewing Tips is a great bit of info to share.

    • Amber Allen profile image

      Amber Allen 7 years ago

      Hi katie

      You're making me blush! I definitely think that home brewing is an area which many people would enjoy but they are put off trying it because they think it is too difficult or too expensive.

      I think my two latest hubs "Top Ten Home Brewing Tips" and "Home Brew - Micro Brewery Kits" could be the start of a one woman crusade to right this wrong. LOL!


    • Amber Allen profile image

      Amber Allen 7 years ago

      Hi Pamela

      If you and your family enjoy beer home brewing can be a very rewarding and worthwhile hobby which saves you money. I'm glad you found this hub intersting.


    • katiem2 profile image

      katiem2 7 years ago from I'm outta here

      WOW Amber your amazing and always deliver on every bit of information we need to follow through most successfully. You found a great home brewery and now you advise us brillantly on how to make the most of it and get the best quality brew out of our brewing experience. Thanks for the great top ten home brewing tips. :)

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 7 years ago from United States

      Amber, I have never made any brew. This is an interesting hub and maybe I will try it sometime.


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