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Types Of Cakes

Updated on October 22, 2011

A cake is often described as a sweet dish, often baked, that represents celebration and happiness. For centuries people have been making cakes on special occasions to represent their joys.

Today however cake is not only just a symbol of celebration but also a common dessert followed by a meal. As baking a cake today is simple and easy as compared to the past when there was no such thing as electric beaters, ovens etc.

A typical cake generally includes: sugar to give it a sweet taste, yeast or baking powder or bi carbonate of soda as the rising material, flour and eggs as binding materials and butter to make it moist.

As far as the types of cakes are concerned, there are nearly hundreds of different varieties of cakes today, each with a distinct taste, texture and flavor. But if we are to classify cakes into different types then cakes can be simply divided into two main types:

Pink Foam Cake
Pink Foam Cake
  • Foam Cakes

    These cakes are generally called the low fat cake as they include no or vey less amount of butter (fat) in them. These cakes are usually light, fluffy and slightly moist if some butter is used.

    They include a large quantity of eggs and in some varieties even the flour is not used. A liquid such as milk or a fruit juice or even melted jam is usually a component of these cakes.

    The foam cakes include sponge cakes, chiffon cakes, angel food cakes etc.

Butter Cake
Butter Cake
  • Butter Cakes

    These cakes are also called the cream cakes. These cakes include a lot of butter and are very moist and firm. Eggs are also used but their quantity is less as compared to the foam cakes.

    The butter cakes are usually topped with thick icings or are heaped with whipped cream. There are many varieties of butter cakes but mostly the birthday cakes are the butter cakes. Examples include: devil’s food cake, marble cake, butter cake, chocolate mud cake etc.

The foam cakes and the butter cakes can be made into various delicious varieties some of which are given below:

The Sponge Cakes

Sponge cakes are light and fluffy cakes which are quite simple to make. They can be called as the foam cakes as a very less quantity of butter is used in their making. In fact in most of its recipes butter is not used at all and if used, is added in a very small quantity only to make the cake slightly moist.

A typical sponge cake simply includes eggs, self raising flour, milk and some cream or jam for frosting but no butter. 

Genoise sponge cake
Genoise sponge cake
Angel food cake with strawberies
Angel food cake with strawberies
Chocolate peanut butter cake
Chocolate peanut butter cake

There are two types of sponge cakes:

  • The sponge cakes in which the eggs are separated, the whites are beaten separately and the yolks are beaten with sugar. The two are then combined together using a metal spoon.
  • The genoise sponge cakes in which the eggs are not separated but are beaten a whole with sugar. The geneoise sponge cakes include a little vegetable oil or butter, so are moist.

The Angel Food Cakes

The Angel food cakes are totally fat less.

They do not include even a trace of butter in them hence they are the foam cakes. The angel food cakes are made of egg whites, sugar, cream and flour. The egg yolks are not used at all.

The sugar in this cake is added not only to make it sweet but also to stabilize the egg white proteins and to counterbalance the effect of flour and the whites.

The angel food cakes are very light and fluffy and cannot be stored for long and must be eaten fresh.

The Butter Cake

Butter cake is, as the name suggests, a simple variety of the type butter cakes.

This cake is very moist and includes a large quantity of butter.

A typical butter cake recipe includes caster sugar, 2-3 lightly beaten eggs, and a lot of butter (125-130gm), self raising flour and milk.

The butter cake is topped with a thick icing of butter cream made of butter and icing sugar.

Strawberry Meringue Cake
Strawberry Meringue Cake

Meringue Cakes

These cakes are topped with self baked light meringues which are made of egg whites and sugar.

Typically a light foam cake, such as a simple fruit cake or a chiffon cake is topped with meringue.


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    • profile image

      talilotu 5 years ago

      this is the most looking good cake ever it looks so dilicious

    • profile image

      Prince 5 years ago

      I like this an will want to know more . I am a chef an will want to work you.

    • profile image

      shAnAiL:)) 6 years ago

      IM SO VERY I LIKE IT .....

    • profile image

      armida vesmanos 6 years ago

      u have a wonderful pictures of your masterpiece in the field of cake baking....tnx 4 the inspiration!!!

    • profile image

      Abiodun tope samson 6 years ago

      What re d proper way of making cake.

    • profile image

      rheylene 6 years ago


    • profile image

      nuella 6 years ago

      the cakes are colorful and nice

    • profile image

      troy form philipines 6 years ago

      ilike because its sweet and delicius beautiful desing

    • profile image

      remie basilio 6 years ago

      it is a very good you can understand what is the types of a cake

    • profile image

      airene_christine 6 years ago

      thanks for the information!

      Because of that, I have my assignment!

      Thank u!

    • profile image

      joyjoven 6 years ago

      wow!!!!yammy so delicios very yammy and sweet

    • profile image

      cyrus 6 years ago

      like it

    • profile image

      karen tan 6 years ago

      thanks a lot of the information....

    • profile image

      Neha 6 years ago

      thx hub! for the knowledge

    • profile image

      glorylyn 6 years ago

      tnx im disappointed of that but its joke.....................jejejejejejejejejejeejejeje

      im hungry of that dessert can i be ur follower

    • profile image

      ToT 6 years ago

      Nyc...... it help me a lot!!!

    • profile image

      amoula 6 years ago

      thinks hassan for those cakes very delecieus

    • profile image

      shantoya 6 years ago

      chocolate cake are di bes a love it!!!!!!

    • profile image 6 years ago

      what can I use for preservation of my cake, and how will it be use

    • profile image

      elaine 6 years ago

      this pictures are so sweet,.,.,.,.,,.,.,.,.,,,.,.,.,.,.,.,this were very delicious

    • profile image

      Koggala w 6 years ago

      very nise , send me some more recipes

    • profile image

      usha 6 years ago

      i like it every much

    • magodis profile image

      magodis 6 years ago from Colombo, Sri Lanka

      nice hub. Wishes

    • profile image

      ayesha 6 years ago

      it,s gud

    • profile image

      ederale anyimiah 6 years ago

      delicious cakes.thanks for this hub

    • profile image

      Jhoan 6 years ago

      .tnx. for this hub.

      it sure helps me in doing my home work!!


    • profile image

      aljun 6 years ago

      me to i like cakes

    • meVsim profile image

      meVsim 6 years ago from istanbul

      i love cakes ! thanks for this hub.

    • NicoleSmith profile image

      NicoleSmith 6 years ago

      Very delicious photos!:D Thanks for sharing this hub. You make me even hungrier with cakes, Hassam.

    • hassam profile image

      hassam 6 years ago from Pakistan

      Glad, that my hub made you smile. :) Thank you!

    • Simone Smith profile image

      Simone Haruko Smith 6 years ago from San Francisco

      You just made me very, very happy. Thank you hassam. Thank you very much.

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      Kemzy... 6 years ago

      I love it...nice.

    • hassam profile image

      hassam 6 years ago from Pakistan

      Thanks for reading! :)

    • crystolite profile image

      Emma 6 years ago from Houston TX

      Great hub with colorful pics of different types of cake which I've seen before but don't know their names.Thanks for teaching me.