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WEIGHTS AND MEASURES USED IN COOKING AND BAKING-Easy Conversions And Ready-Reckoner Measurement Charts

Updated on December 25, 2010

Food Scale

Your Essential Guide To Cooking And Baking: Measurement Charts

Cooking and baking will turn out right if you stick to precise measurements that a recipe calls for. Whether it be a recipe handed down from Grandma or one you found while surfing the internet, measurements play an essential part in getting the desired end product. While measuring out ingredients for a particular recipe, one needs to be very careful, and it is common to check out measurement charts for conversion and accuracy. Weighing out ingredients for baking must be accurate as the baked product can differ in texture and consistency otherwise. Holiday baking and cooking calls for recipes that are pulled out just for the occasion, and one may not remember the exact alterations to the quantities called for in the recipe, the last time the particular recipe was used.

Always use Standard Cups and Spoons for measuring out solid and dry ingredients. Liquid ingredients require a measuring jug. Plastic measuring cups, spoons and jugs are ideal as they are easy to clean and store. And are ideal for measuring out a variety of ingredients.

How To Accurately Measure Out An Ingredient :

Dry or Solid Ingredients : Dip the measuring cup or spoon into the food and lift out. Using the edge of a spatula or knife, scrape off the top of the cup or spoon to remove excess and level off.

Liquid Ingredients : Place the measuring jug on a flat surface, pour into it, and bend down to see the marking at eye level. The top of the liquid in the jar must be in level with your eye.

Standard Cup And Spoon Sizes For Use In The Kitchen

1 cup
250 ml
1/2 cup
125 ml
1/3 cup
80 ml
1/4 cup
60 ml
1 tablespoon(4 teaspoons)
20 ml
1 teaspoon
5 ml
1/2 teaspoon
2.5 ml
1/4 teaspoon
1.25 ml

Measurement Of Liquids In The Kitchen

1 fluid oz
30 ml
2 fl oz
1/4 cup
60 ml
3 1/2 fl oz
1/3 cup
80 ml
4 fl oz
1/2 cup
125 ml
6 fl oz
3/4 cup
180 ml
8 3/4 fl oz
1 cup
250 ml
17 fl oz
2 cups
500 ml
26 fl oz
3 cups
750 ml
35 fl oz
4 cups
1 litre
44 fl oz
5 cups
1.25 litre
52 fl oz
6 cups
1.5 litre
70 fl oz
8 cups
2 litres
88 fl oz
10 cups
2.5 litres

Weight Measurement Of Dry Ingredients

1/4 oz
10 gm
1/2 oz
20 gm
1 oz
30 gm
4 oz
125 gm
1/4 lb
8 oz
250 gm
1/2 lb
12 oz
375 gm
3/4 lb
16 oz
500 gm (1/2 kg)
1 lb
24 oz
750 gm (3/4 kg)
1 1/2 lb
32 oz
1000 gm (1 kg)
2 lb
48 oz
1.5 kg
3 lb
64 oz
2 kg
4 lb

Weighing Scales For Accuracy

Kitchen accessories make your life in the kitchen that much more easy. A weighing scale is an absolute must in any kitchen. It enables the cook to make accurate measurements to follow any recipe to the letter. Scales are available in various designs and shapes. Choose one that goes with your kitchen decor, and you may choose to have it on your counter top or wall mount. Always take the markings at eye level for accurate measurements.

Oven Temperatures For Use In Baking

Gas Mark
Fahrenheit (In Degrees)
Centigrade/Celsius (In Degrees)
very slow
moderately slow
moderately hot
very hot
very hot


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    • Purple Perl profile image

      Purple Perl 7 years ago from Bangalore,India


      A "pinch" is generally the measure of any dry ingredient such as salt,that you can hold between your thumb and index finger.It is not an exact measure.

    • GmaGoldie profile image

      Kelly Kline Burnett 7 years ago from Madison, Wisconsin

      Purple Perl,

      This is great! Can you please convert a "pinch" for me? I am a numbers person and "pinch" never did relate with me.