I'm a farm girl, growing up on a large scale home farm in the Northeast USA. My grandfather had multiple gardens. My grandmother canned and froze everything so even through bad weather we ate fresh produce all year.
While I do not have a farm today, I have a pot-belly pig. We compost all veggie scraps and use those to fertilize the garden every year. We grow all kinds of veggies. I have had much success with lettuce, bush grean beans, pinto beans, squash, pumpkin, tomatoes. Not so much with corn. My grandfather could grow fields of it, but not me. Also sugar snap peas are easy to grow, but it takes a lot of room to grow an amount worth it.
I also grow blueberries. We have 4 apple trees which are babies so no blossoms yet. We have wild raspberries, blackberries, and wineberries.
We've had a lot of luck with butternut squash and it stores well through winter months also.