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Limousin Oak Barrels

Updated on May 5, 2015
Oak Barrels in Cognac, France
Oak Barrels in Cognac, France | Source

What Is So Interesting About Limousin Oak Barrels?

Limousin is not a wine producing area, it isn't famous for its brandy, nor does it make whisky, but Limousin oak is an essential part of the fine wine and spirits industries all over the world.

This beautiful, but hidden part of central France is a landscape of meadows and oak and sweet chestnut forests. Sparsely populated and rich in wildlife, visiting Limousin is like stepping back fifty years into a golden, agrarien past.

Little-known though Limousin is, it's world famous for three things: its top quality Limousin beef cattle, its fine and durable Limoges porcelain and its oak barrels (or oak casks).

The cognac and brandy producers of Cognac in France use Limousin oak to make their barrels. So do the whisky makers of Scotland and wine-makers.

Just why is oak from Limousin so highly prized?

Limousin oak
Limousin oak | Source

Why Limousin Oak?

There are several oak producing regions around the world, that are used for barrel production. The French are Argonne, Vosges, Nevers, Tronçais, Allier, Bourgogne, Armagnac (Landes) and Limousin. I live in Limousin.

Oak used in winemaking is typically produced from trees of three different species: American White Oak, (or Quercus alba), Quercus sessilis and Quercus pedunculata.

The forests of Limousin rejoice in the Quercus pedunculata. The wonderful climate, warm but with plenty of rainfall, the soil and rocky growing conditions give Limousin oak a very coarse grain which is not great for winemaking but is ideal to age Cognac and Bourbon.

Image: Walks through oak woods near Videix

Where is Limousin? - In South West France

A marker -
get directions

How Oak Barrels Are Made? - And who makes barrels or casks these days?

Barrels are traditionally made by coopers. Barrels are wooden staves bound together with metal hoops, but barrels are only one type of the containers made by coopers; other types go under the names of casks, (the generic word for everything a cooper makes), barrels, buckets, tubs, hogsheads, tuns, butts, pins firkins, tierces, rundlets, puncheons, butter churns, pipes, and breakers. A barrel is specifically a measure of the size of a cask.

Today the use of traditionally made casks and barrels is mostly limited to the wine and spirits industry where coopers now work with machines to make barrels, but it's still considered that the creme de la creme of barrels are those hand-made by professional coopers.

The History of The Barrel

When was the barrel invented?

The Ancient Gauls Invented the Technique of Making Barrels Or at least that's what I was told when I visited the Gaulois village Coriobona.

Coriobona is a village that recreates the life of the ancient Gauls. It's is just north of Confolens in South West France, near the village of Esse and just forty minutes or so from Les Trois Chenes. It was a super outing and we had a wonderful day looking around the village and then visiting the nearby towns of Lesterps and Confolens.

to get back to the origins of the barrel. The fact that barrels are made from wood makes their earliest use difficult to pinpoint and it's true that wine was first stored and transported in the amphora (an earthenware pot). Herodotus, the Greek historian, tells us that ancient Mesopotamians made casks from palm wood - which is hard to bend into shape) to transport wine along the Euphrates.

Oak has been used to make wine casks for at least two millennia, their use became widespread during the Roman empire - which brings us back to the ancient Gauls. It was only a question of time before it was discovered that the oak played a part in the taste of the wine and it would seem that it was as late as the 1960s and 1970s before experiments were made by Robert Mondavi before wine-makers in the United States quantified the contribution that different types of oak and barrel styles made to the quality of the final product.

Oak Wine Barrel
Oak Wine Barrel

Why the Oak Cask Affects the Flavours

And so why Limousin oak casks are so famous

Each tree, each year in each forest in each country is different! When you think that some cognacs, for example Rémy Martin Grand Cru, will sell for well over USD $1500 per bottle, every little consideration counts.

Oak trees have a growth spurt in Spring and in a good year they'll grow very fast. This leads to a coarser grain which is said to have coarser tannins and lead to less subtle flavours. Because of this each barrel is made with a range of differing woods.

But it's not only the growing that leads to differing flavours. This is just the start of the process. The oak is harvested and then carefully stored. The exact place in the wood pile will also affect the oak.

One of the most important parts of the process, as far as flavour is concerned, is the toasting of the barrel. This is when the barrels staves are held over a flame, and the taste of the wine depends on the strength of the flame, the time toasted, the water content of the oak, and many other variables. No wonder some of these wines and spirits are so highly prized.

I wonder what effect global warming and changing climates will have on our wines and spirits.

Image courtesy of Gerard Prins Wikimedia Commons

Brandy Making in Cognac - Limousin oak barrels are used to make brandy

Chateau Baron Otard Cognac
Chateau Baron Otard Cognac | Source

What is cognac? It's a type of brandy made in the town of Cognac in the Charente, south west France.

Brandy making in the Charente is big business and it's deffinitely worth a visit, whether you like brandy or not, to visit the many chateaux that will allow you in to see how the brandy is made, and, of course, give you the opportunity to buy. There are so many big names, and less well known companies who produce brandy here - Courvoisier, Hennessy, Martell, Rémy Martin, Bache-Gabrielsen/Dupuy, Braastad, Camus, Chateau Fontpinot, Delamain, Pierre Ferrand, Frapin, Gaston de Casteljac, Hine, Marcel Ragnaud, Moyet, Otard, and Cognac Croizet.

The flavours in the cognac derived from Limousin oak depend on so many things. Newer casks contain more tanninsso are often used for the newly distilled eaux-de-vie and will give the cognac a darker, stronger oak flavour. Cognac masters will use several different barrels to create a 'house style'.

Image: Chateau Otard, Cognac

Whisky Making in Scotland

Are Scotch whisky barrels always second-hand?

Scotland is the perfect place to make whisky. Cool temperatures and clean air suround the oak of the casks and affects the maturing contents. This is why Scottish whisky is smooth, golden and so highly prized.

Traditionally the Scottish whisky industry used second hand, 500-litre sherry casks called butts however due to a scarcity of these during the Spanish civil war, 1930s, the Scotch distilleries had to look elsewhere.

We have seen that barrels affect flavour and while some producers, like Labrot & Graham, makers of bourbon choose new barrels, others, such as Glenmorangie chooses used bourbon casks. Most Scottish distillers prefer the more subtle flavours of old, mellowed wood.

The flavours are honed by different use of oak and barrels. Some finish their whisky in different casks for a year or two, to modify the flavour and Limousin Quercus robur oak barrel previously used to mature cognac, is used to give special flavours to the Glenlivet 12-year-old whisky. ,

St. George Spiritsin America, has begun to experiment with barrels in it's production of single malt whisky. They used bourbon barrels (82%), new French oak barrels, (12%), and port casks, (6%). Such finess shows the importance of the barrel to the final taste of whisky.

It's Spelled 'Whiskey' When It Comes From Ireland

So What is the difference between Scottish and Irish Whiskey?

Apart from the spelling! Well, for a start, the Irish claim that it was they who invented the drink. There are other more tangible differences which lie in the methods used to produce the whiskey.

The big difference between Scottish and Irish whisky is the distilling phase which is made three times with Irish, instead of twice with Scottish whisky, and the Irish whiskey is distilled in larger than normal copper "pot" stills. This creates an Irish whiskey that is lighter and with a more delicate and subtle flavour.

The Scots sprout the barley before drying. The Irish use raw and malted barley dried with peat smoke, while Scottish whisky is made entirely with malted barley.

Finally Scottish whiskey is left to age in the cask at least 2 years while Irish whiskey is kept for a minimum of one year longer.

Did You Know That Whisky Is Made In France?

And part of their success lies in the Limousin barrel

I did think that all the best whisky was made in Scotland or Ireland until today, but I now know that for the last 80 years French distilleries have been making single malt whisky. The industry is particularly developed in Brittany because of the salty climate. A new style of whisky has been created at Finister, 'le Eddu'.

At least part of the success of French Whisky production lies in the ready availability of good barrels. French whisky producers are getting some incredible results from maturation in barrels that have been used in the production of French wines, including white, red, sweet, dry, fortified, and even sparkling wine such as the famous Champagne.

For example Brenne Whisky from the Brenne Estate launched in October 2012, is matured in new Limousin oak barrels and then finished in barrels previously used as Cognac casks. Bastille 1789 Hand-Crafted Whisky made at the Daucourt Distillery (Distillerie Daucourt) is aged for 5 - 7 years in a combination of French Limousin oak, cherry wood and acacia casks.

Cognac barrels in Chateau Baron Otard, cognac, France
Cognac barrels in Chateau Baron Otard, cognac, France | Source

The Angels Share

If the angels don't take their share - the rest is not worth taking!

Sometimes called the Angels' Portion, this is the share of the brandy or whisky that's said to be taken by the angels.

Because the oak of the barrels is porous, moisture can pass through it. A proportion of the spirits in each cask evaporates annually and is lost to the heavens. This is known as the "angels' share" or the Angels' Portion.

The exact amount of the Angels' Share seem to vary according to differing accounts. Some say it's normally between 1 to 2,5% a year, while others propose up to 8% loss in the first year, and about 3% each year after that. If you assume an evaporation rate of 2.5%, over 50 years a 350 litre barrel of cognac will lose 40% of it's alcohol.

A barrel's surroundings affect this evaporation. Humid atmospheres with moderate temperatures will lead to more alcohol than water evaporating through the wood. Dry air and high temperatures will result in more water being lost.

If this loss doesn't occur, there may be a problem with the barrel and this leads to the saying that If the angels don't take their share - the rest isn't worth taking!

The Angels Share - The book of the new film by Ken Loach

Read The Angels' Share by Ken Loach and Paul Laverty on Kindle

The Angels' Share
The Angels' Share

Features: Full screenplay, Production notes from cast and crew, A Lesson in the Appreciation of Malt Whisky by Master of the Quaich, Charles MacLean


Limousin Oak Wine Barrels

Variety is the spice of life

As mentioned above, Limousin oak is not always the first choice for the wine industry, Quercus alba, and Quercus sessilis are preferred.

Winemakers try to balance the fruit and oak flavours in their wine, but every year fruit from the same region and oak from the same forest, made into barrels by the same cooper will yield different tastes.

This is because every patch of the forest and vineyard is unique, every year the weather will be different. Oak and grape vines are natural products, and that is all part of the fascination of wine.

Has This Whetted Your Appetite for Limousin? - Or just for the whisky?

If you do make it here, do visit us. Les Trois Chenes Bed and Breakfast is wonderfully placed right on the border of the Limousin and the Charente. Walk in the woods of Limousin and visit the brandy chateaux of Cognac.

Does this make you thirst to visit Limousin?

See results
Find this image on posters and a whole range of gifts that you can personalize at my online store
Find this image on posters and a whole range of gifts that you can personalize at my online store | Source

Oak Barrel Shabby Chic Poster

This Oak cask makes a wonderful ornament in this beautiful garden

I've made my photo of a Limousin oak barrel in a barn of my friends into a poster on Zazzle. You can buy it and you can personalize it by adding your own images and text. She has a wonderful touch and has decorated her barn just enough to make it interesting but not enough to spoil the authenticity of a French barn built for animals and hay and you get a glimpse of the lovely garden beyond.

You Too Can Own A Genuine Oak Barrel - Or something made from old oak barrels

They are beautiful objects! When we moved into our French farmhouse, there were several barrels left in the barns and I cherish them. We also find lots of bits of barrels, the staves, the metal hoops. I use the barrels as tables and planters and the hoops as decorations in the garden.

You too can have your very own oak barrels and decorative objects made from barrels. Here are just a few to choose from ....

Oak Barrles at the Wine Festival at the Caves of Saint Sornin - St Sornin, Charente


St Sornin is in the Charente next to Limousin so do try to catch the festival - it's a great day out for all the family with lots of wine on show, but also a wide variety of local French produce.

The Oak Trees at Videix, Limousin


Coopers From Around the World - Making barrels and casks is a worldwide business

  • Nashabochka

    This barrel making business is situated in the Krasnodar region in the South of Russia on the coast of the Black Sea and is one of the oldest in the country. It was established 1949 in response to the increasing demand for grapes, wine and cognac.

Do You Have Any Thoughts on Limousin or Barrels? - I'd love to hear from you

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    • Paul-Lenton profile image

      Paul Lenton 4 years ago from El Calafate, Argentina

      I'm into making barrels (small ones of less than a gallon) as a hobby. Nice article!

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 4 years ago from France

      @40974097: I read your web site with great interest and have put a link and some information about your business onto this article. I hope that it is all correct. Do get back to me if I've made errors, especially in the name of the company which I couldn't find on the site.

      Could I add one of the photos from your site?

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 4 years ago from France

      @40974097: Hi, many thanks for leaving this message. I'll certainly take a look at your site and maybe add a paragraph or two to the article.

    • profile image

      40974097 4 years ago


      We are producing oak barrels from durmast (rocky oak) from the South Russia region.

      For more information visit

    • happy-birthday profile image

      Birthday Wishes 4 years ago from Here

      Very nice lens, I have learned a few things! Thanks a lot for sharing!

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Very interesting information about the barrels.

    • Diana Wenzel profile image

      Renaissance Woman 4 years ago from Colorado

      Fascinating. Would love to visit this region of the world. I won't be having any of that $1,500 a bottle cognac any time soon! Congrats on LotD!

    • RawBill1 profile image

      Bill 4 years ago from Gold Coast, Australia

      As soon as I saw the word Limousin I knew that this would have to be a Lens from you!

      Congrats on LOTD. :-)

      I have been to a Scotch distillery in Scotland, it was a fascinating tour. I saw plenty of barrels there just like these!

    • profile image

      philipcaddick 4 years ago

      Very interesting, such a lot of detail.

    • slpsharon profile image

      slpsharon 4 years ago

      What a wonderful lens. Great video as well.

    • SBPI Inc profile image

      SBPI Inc 4 years ago

      Congratulations on your uniquely informative lens and on earning LOD designation.


    • greenspirit profile image

      poppy mercer 4 years ago from London

      I really enjoyed learning about Limousin and it's oak. I don't know Limousin well but I know the Gers part of France just a bit further down, and l have always enjoyed the Cognac and the wonderful oak forests there. You are very lucky to live in such a lovely place.

    • DreamingBoomer profile image

      Karen Kay 4 years ago from Jackson, MS

      Fascinating! I learned something new today!

    • profile image

      emmanuel-oforianson 4 years ago

      You deserve the lens of the day. Congrats!!

    • flinnie lm profile image

      Gloria Freeman 4 years ago from Alabama USA

      Hi great info on these barrels, and what in them. Congrats on LOTD.

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      very educational

    • chi kung profile image

      chi kung 4 years ago

      Such an interesting read! - congratulations on your LoTD :)

    • profile image

      fifinn 4 years ago

      Congratulation for LTOD.

    • profile image

      GrammieOlivia 4 years ago

      I learnt a whole lot of stuff that I did not know before, you have made a very informative and interesting lens. Congratulations of LoTD you deserve it! Now I can also tell my sweetling a thing or two that he doesn't know! lol

    • Mary Stephenson profile image

      Mary Stephenson 4 years ago from California

      Congratulations on LOTD. Very interesting about needing different kinds of barrels for wine vs brandy.

    • CrazyHomemaker profile image

      CrazyHomemaker 4 years ago

      Congrats on LOTD! This was very interesting. I learned quite a bit. You are fortunate to live in such a beautiful area.

    • profile image

      DebMartin 4 years ago

      Beautiful lens. And beautiful barrels. Thanks for sharing all your knowledge. I learned a lot.

    • Richard-H profile image

      Richard 4 years ago from Surrey, United Kingdom

      Many congratulations on your Lens of the Day :)

    • StevenLay profile image

      StevenLay 4 years ago

      For my money the finest white oak barrel is made from oak harvested in the Ozarks area of Missouri. Several families harvest and produce the staves but, the area around Salem, Missouri are the best. You can take that to the bank.

    • sbconcepts profile image

      sbconcepts 4 years ago

      Very interesting story, loved reading and the pictures were great! Thanks for a great lens!

    • EpicEra profile image

      EpicEra 4 years ago

      What a gorgeous and professionally done lens - congrats on LOTD!

    • HappyTom LM profile image

      Tom Christen 4 years ago from Switzerland/Ecuador

      A really great and informative lens! Congrats on LOTD!

    • delia-delia profile image

      Delia 4 years ago

      Congratulations on LOTD! I'm a Brandy and Cognac girl... Limousin Oak barrels make a difference!

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 4 years ago from France

      Thank you all so much for leaving such nice and informative comments on my lens. I was thrilled when, on a VERY hectic and busy day, I finally sat down at the computer and saw that this had been nominated LOTD. Please forgive me for not answering you individually now as the busy day continues!

    • Jogalog profile image

      Jogalog 4 years ago

      I don't know much about any type of barrels but congratulations on LOTD!

    • profile image

      hmommers 4 years ago

      I thought Limousin was famous for its cows. What do I know. :)

      Congratulations on the LotD

    • EzLoanLookUp LM profile image

      EzLoanLookUp LM 4 years ago

      This lens is making me real thirsty!

    • eight dee profile image

      eight dee 4 years ago

      lotd - never knew so much about these oak barrels

    • Northerntrials profile image

      Northerntrials 4 years ago

      Such a long tradition goes into barrel making. I wanted to be a cooper when I was young. What can I say, I live in the past. I have settled to using oak barrel planters in my yard.

    • amosvee profile image

      amosvee 4 years ago

      And I thought that the distillers' talk about their barrels were just marketing tools. Very interesting.

    • Raymond Eagar profile image

      Raymond Eagar 4 years ago

      It is nearly time to knock of and enjoy that limousine brandy.

    • profile image

      getmoreinfo 4 years ago

      This information about barrel production.for winemaking is really interesting.

    • GregoryMoore profile image

      Gregory Moore 4 years ago from Louisville, KY

      Well done and very informative lens. I live in bourbon-country here in the states, and my grandparents lived near a cooperage. I had always wanted to tour it.

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Like the inside baseball on the spirits industry. Congratulations on getting LotD!

    • profile image

      Scott A McCray 4 years ago

      Outstanding! Congratulations on Lens of the Day!

    • aka-rms profile image

      Robin S 4 years ago from USA

      Congratulations on Lens of the Day today!

    • Faye Rutledge profile image

      Faye Rutledge 4 years ago from Concord VA

      Interesting info. Congratulations on LotD!

    • SheGetsCreative profile image

      Angela F 4 years ago from Seattle, WA

      So much rich history here - would love to visit and see how it's all put together, from the barrels to the brandy :)

    • Dressage Husband profile image

      Stephen J Parkin 4 years ago from Pine Grove, Nova Scotia, Canada

      The oak certainly makes a difference to the finished product, be it wine cognac or whiskey! Well done on LOTD!

    • Sweetbunny LM profile image

      Sweetbunny LM 4 years ago

      Great informative lens, congratulations!

    • marktplaatsshop profile image

      marktplaatsshop 4 years ago

      Congratulations on LotD, it is well deserved, thanks for sharing this wonderful lens

    • DreyaB profile image

      DreyaB 4 years ago from France

      I've recently moved to Limousin and enjoy the wonderful oaks around the area. Having not been here very long I had no idea that the oak was prized and made for barrels. Great lens, congrats!

    • Erin Mellor profile image

      Erin Mellor 4 years ago from Europe

      Once you get your nose in you can tell where the oak barrels that wine has matured in has come from. It's easy to tell the difference between French and American, and as it's used for very different wines, Croatian Oak, but my old wine tutor took pride in being able to identify which French forest the oak was from. Limousin was, of course, his favorite.

    • Meganhere profile image

      Meganhere 4 years ago

      Very interesting. I especially liked the bit about the Angels' Share.

    • Rhonda Lytle profile image

      Rhonda Lytle 4 years ago from Deep in the heart of Dixie

      I had no idea the barrel had anything to do with flavor. Neat.

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Fantastic information! Now I'm thirsty.

    • rattie lm profile image

      rattie lm 4 years ago

      Just lovely. Thank you.

    • BrianRS profile image

      Brian Stephens 5 years ago from France

      I know a little more about oak barrels now. Nice lens

    • profile image

      sandi_x 5 years ago

      Interesting lens

    • WriterJanis2 profile image

      WriterJanis2 5 years ago

      Beautifully done.

    • profile image

      JoshK47 5 years ago

      What fascinating insight on the barrel and alcohol making industries - quite cool! Blessed by a SquidAngel! :)

    • profile image

      Edwinrocks 5 years ago

      great lense...

    • KimGiancaterino profile image

      KimGiancaterino 5 years ago

      Wow ... your lens is really popular. Good to see. Anyway, I got your message and will get some barrel photos to you ASAP.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Gotta' bless this pretty lens on wood barrels. :)

    • profile image

      fullofshoes 5 years ago

      Fabulous lens with interesting info. Loved reading this... ~blessed~

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @anonymous: It's 'wood'. One of two new themes. I do think it's nice and like the overall format and "classier" look to the page.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @ndAirborneMedic1: I must say that I've never really thought much about barrels before going to see how the cognac was made. Food for thought. Thanks for leaving a comment, 82ndAirborneMedic

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @SteveKaye: You'll just have to save your pennies Steve. I'm sure you'd find it fascinating here. We're in a huge area that has been designated a natural reserve because of the quality of its fauna and flora.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @Lee Hansen: The older we get, the less we know! There seems to be so much more to everything than meets the eye, doesn't there? One thing I love about writing online is learning about things. I'd never bother to do the research otherwise.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @UKGhostwriter: I jut home that I can get to see them making them. That would be something to write home about! Thanks for your message, UKGhostwriter

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @Craftypicks: I like that bit too, RockinPicks. Very romantic!

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      What's the name of this lens theme? I've never sene it before.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @CCTVwebmaster: Kind of you to leave a few kind words, CCTVwebmaster

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @Anthony Altorenna: Thanks Anthony. Even the most humble objects have fabulous histories. This is just a start. There's just so much to learn just about the barrels, never mind the drinks!

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @Alethia LM: Thaks, Alethia

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @Lenskeeper: Thanks so much for the blessing, Lenskeeper.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @SoSimplyStephanie: I think the whole subject is fascinating, whether you drink or not, Stephanie. I very rarely touch spirits, but thoroughly enjoyed visiting the chateau and learning about the process.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @Sam Wheeler: Thanks, writewheeler

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @nicks44: Every silver lining has a cloud! Sigh ...

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @datakrunch: Kind of you to drop by, datakrunch.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @AlexTedford: Thanks Alex.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @allenwebstarme: Thank you for visiting and taking the time to leave a few words, allenwebstarme

    • ndAirborneMedic1 profile image

      ndAirborneMedic1 5 years ago

      Very interesting and informative lens. Wooden barrels

      have always been interesting to me. Keep writing great lenses!

    • profile image

      SteveKaye 5 years ago

      Thank you for publishing this wonderful story. I found it fascinating. And I wish you were just a hop down the road for where I live, instead of a huge flight across the Atlantic.

    • Lee Hansen profile image

      Lee Hansen 5 years ago from Vermont

      Absolutely fascinating and informative lens. I didn't realize the importance of *where* the oak comes from but it makes so much sense. Anything in contact with or part of the fermentation and aging process plays a part in the quality and flavor ... ahhhh.

    • UKGhostwriter profile image

      UKGhostwriter 5 years ago

      I really hope that this craft never dies - fantastic lens

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @cleanyoucar: Thanks for the 'like', cleanyoucar. Pleased you enjoyed it.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @sheezie77: Many thanks, sheezie77!

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @squidoopets: Hi, squidoopets. In a way, that's the problem - too many interesting things! Thanks for stopping by.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @alex89 lm: It is pretty good living here most of the time. Many thanks for your comment alex89

    • Craftypicks profile image

      Lori Green 5 years ago from Las Vegas

      I love the part about the Angel Share.

    • CCTVwebmaster profile image

      CCTVwebmaster 5 years ago

      Fantastic lens! So interesting!

    • Anthony Altorenna profile image

      Anthony Altorenna 5 years ago from Connecticut

      I've enjoyed many wood barrel products, especially wine & Scotch, without really knowing the history behind the aging process. Thanks for sharing!

    • Alethia LM profile image

      Alethia LM 5 years ago

      Awesome lens!

    • Lenskeeper profile image

      Lenskeeper 5 years ago

      Blessed by a Squid Angel.

    • SoSimplyStephanie profile image

      Stephanie 5 years ago from DeFuniak Springs

      Great lens. While I don't drink often, I love the old barrels. They make beautiful, rustic planters!

    • Sam Wheeler profile image

      Sam Wheeler 5 years ago

      very informative

    • nicks44 profile image

      nicks44 5 years ago

      You know, very well made, excellent info, well put together, but ... There is a but! And I reckon you know which ... I am thirsty! I shall catch up later, thanks! :)

    • profile image

      datakrunch 5 years ago

      Nice lens, interesting topic.

    • AlexTedford profile image

      AlexTedford 5 years ago

      Great lens! Nice info.

    • allenwebstarme profile image

      allenwebstarme 5 years ago

      You choose a nice topic, very good lens.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @sandi_x: Thanks for taking the time to leave a comment sandi-x.

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      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @Julia Morais: That would be an interesting thing to look into. You can see from all the variables and the time it takes to mature the drinks that there's bound to be a very few where everything comes together - but rarely.

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      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @RoadMonkey: Thanks for these three, kind words, RoadMonkey. Short but so very sweet!

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      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      @AgingIntoDisabi: Thanks for dropping by, AgingIntoDisability. So much to know about even the most familiar things.