ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Citrus Fruits

Updated on August 17, 2015

Sweet and Sour

Citrus Fruits are native to tropical areas, and are best grown commercially in warm climates. Oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruits, tangerines and citrons are among the 18 members of the citrus family Rutaceae, although each has its own, distinctive flavor.

Delicious in a fruit salad, in desserts or each on their own. They're full of vitamin C and not only taste great, but is good for you too.

Photo used with permission

History of Citrus Fruit

Citrus fruits originated in South-East Asia and, before Christian times, spread into the eastern Mediterranean from China, where they had been cultivated since the eighth century BC.

Seville oranges were the first to be known in Europe but by the fifteenth century sweet oranges were being grown in all of the Mediterranean countries. Portuguese and Spanish explorers introduced citrus fruits to the West Indies and from there they spread to North and South America. Citrus fruits grow in many different types of soil, but the best fruit is produced where the soil is slightly acid and the area is free from severe frost . The majority of citrus trees are small evergreens, some with aromatic leaves, and they usually have white flowers.

They start to bear fruit when the tree is about six years old, although it is 15 years before they bear a full crop. Citrus fruit must be fully ripe before picking, as it does not ripen off the tree.

Vitamin C is present in large quantities in all citrus fruit, and careful processing when the fruit is being canned or frozen ensures that it is not destroyed. Until the comparatively recent widespread consumption of fruit juices, marmalade had, for many years, been the principal product made from citrus fruits. Lime juice and canned segments of mandarin and grapefruit are also popular.

At one time, lime juice was issued to all British naval personnel to counteract scurvy, a disease caused by vitamin C deficiency. This disease became prevalent when sailors spent long periods at sea without fresh vegetables, and, until the introduction of limes, cases of scurvy were usually fatal.

Types of Citrus

  • Orange: a fruit growing in most sub-tropical climates and in univeral demand. It is grown on an evergreen tree that attains a height of about 20 feet at maturity.
  • Lemon: a pale-yellow thick-skinned oval citrus fruit with acidic juice.
  • Grapefruit: A large roundish, yellow-skinned edible citrus fruit.
  • Mandarin: a small flattish deep-colored orange with a loose skin.
  • Kumquat: an orange-like fruit with a sweet rind and acid pulp
  • Lime: A round citrus fruit like a lemon but greener, smaller and more acid.
  • Citron: the fruit of a tree of the lemon order, with thick rind, much used for candied peel.

Citrus Related Reading

What is a Citron?

Up close and personal with one of the lesser known citrus fruits

The citron is a spiny evergreen shrub or small tree that bears large, lemon-like fruits and is closely related to the orange, lemon, grapefruit, and other citrus trees. The fruits, also called citrons, are not eaten, but their thick peel is used in making desserts, liqueur, and perfume. The citron is native to Asia and is extensively cultivated in Corsica, Sicily, and Greece, as well as in the West Indies. It has long, crooked branches and pale-green leaves with round tips. Its purple and white flowers are about 1 1/2 inches (3.8 cm) across and grow in clusters.

Its fragrant oval fruits, which range from 6 to 10 inches (15-25 cm) long, contain a small amount of very acid pulp and have thick, warty, yellow-green rinds. The rinds, or peels, are preserved by being treated with brine and sugar and are widely used in cakes, candies, and other desserts. An oil extracted from the rind is used to make perfume and a liqueur, called cedratine.

The term "citron" is also applied to watermelon rind.

What's your favorite Citrus Fruit?

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)