How to Make The Perfect Espresso at Home
Use a stovetop espresso maker
The espresso machine is perhaps the best way to make a cappuccino, but you have to pay a very high price and deal with the complicated machine features.
In my opinion, this humble espresso aficionado, stovetop's espressos can match the great taste of those expensive espresso machines. Did you know that stovetops or moka pots are the most popular way to make cappuccinos in Italy?
So join me in the quest to make home-made espressos. I'll show you how to make café espresso using a stovetop. Goodbye Starbucks!
What's espresso anyway?
a.k.a. Cafe Espresso
“espresso Âis not a specific type of coffee bean, but rather a process of concentrating the flavors from finely ground coffee beans by a combination of hot water (not boiling) and pressure”
The key ingredients - Making a great espresso
1. Get the right stovetop
First things first
You need to buy a quality espresso pot such as a Bialetti, Lavazza, Cusinox, Bodum, etc. Did you know this stovetop is called Moka in Italy?
This is very important, the pot must be made of 18/10 stainless steel. I don't particularly recommend aluminum stove tops since there is the concern that aluminum is a toxic metal and can leach into the coffee while brewing.
In any case, I've had both types of coffee makers in the past and I like stainless steel's taste much better, no corrosion and they are prettier.
Stainless steel class
2. Get the right kind of coffee
This is, of course, the most important ingredient of all. You need to get quality espresso roast coffee. The fresher, the better. You can buy it at supermarkets, World Market, Whole Foods, Starbucks, Italian stores or specialized coffee shops.
The two main species of coffee plants are Arabica and Robusta. Arabica is considered to be superior in flavor, whereas Robusta, is higher in caffeine and tastes much bitter and more acidic. So get Arabica coffee. Good blends are: 70% Arabica & 30% Robusta, or even better: 100% Arabica.
The better roasts come from Brazil, Colombia, Kenya, Ethiopia or Java. You can get it either in beans or ground. Regular or Organic. The grind should not be coarse. One of the major factors in making a good espresso is coffee that is ground should be fine enough to pack into the stovetop's filter basket.
3. Use the right kind of water
There is no substitute for tasteless water
This is another key element to get the delicious espresso taste.
The preparation of espresso coffee is a soaking process. The coffee grounds are mixed with near-boiling water. The ideal brewing temperature is 92°C (198°F). The heat and minerals in the water work together to extract the flavor from the ground coffee beans. After a short steeping period, the grounds are strained out of the mix (via the pot filter), leaving what we know as coffee.
Water for coffee should be pure and odor free. You do not want your espresso taste to be altered by the water taste. So the best is to use filtered water, purified water or mineral water. Do not use tap water.
How do you get your Espresso fix?
Let's make espresso! - Step by Step
1. Fill the espresso base with filtered water just below to valve as shown in the picture to the right.
Do not try speed up the preparation time by adding heated water, in fact cold water must be used
2. Insert the strainer into the base.
The water should not seep through the filter when you insert it.
If this happens the coffee will not brew properly and will have an unpleasant taste.
3. Fill the filter with espresso coffee but do not tamp the coffee ground.
Always use the maximum amount of coffee, but do not spill it over the rim. This way your espresso will have a fixed quantity of coffee and water every time to ensure consistent great taste.
4. Tightly screw the upper part onto the base, but make sure there is no coffee ground on the outside rim or on the threads.
If this happens the pot might not have enough pressure when brewing, thus the taste could be off.
5. Place the pot on the burner. If you have a flame burner, it will be easy to control. The burner should be on low heat, since the coffee will have more time to brew, thus the flavor will be much better. If the burner is too high the espresso will taste bitter and lack flavor.
6. As the coffee starts to brew, open the lid so the condensation water doesn't get into the coffee, otherwise it will dilute the fine taste of espresso.
Remove the espresso pot from the heat when the coffee is ready.
7. Drink it right away.
Enjoy its full flavor and aroma.
My favorite, the one I use
Now, let's make cappuccino - use a milk frother
1. Fill one third of a tall mug with milk and heat to 60°C (140°F).
2. Insert the frother's whisk into the milk close to the mug's base.
3. Switch on for 15-20 seconds moving the whisk slowly around the outside of the mug.
4. As the milk begins to thicken, raise the frother so that it's always just under the top of the froth.
5. Switch off the frother before removing it from the milk.
6. Now pour in the espresso, and enjoy!
Make lattes the easy way
My espresso doesn't taste good
Check this list out!
- Get a high-quality stovetop or moka pot.
- Use fresh and cold filtered water.
- Fill up the bottom chamber with water just below the steam release valve.
- Get fresh espresso roast, with high percentage of arabica blend.
- Use finely ground coffee, just coarse enough not to go through the filter holes.
- Use the right ratio of coffee to water. This is one of the most important things you can do to ensure a good cup.
- Fill up the funnel filter with coffee without packing it.
- Keep the heat burner low and under the pot. Brewing process must be slow.
- Remove the stovetop from the heat as soon it starts gurgling.
- Replace the rubber gasket, it may be dry and too old to be effective.
- Clean the pot thoroughly with hot water every single time you use it.
This is what you shouldn't do
- Do not have water seeping through the funnel filter.
- Do not leave coffee grounds on the filter rim or bottom chamber's thread.
- Do not let the water boil to brew the espresso, use low heat.
- Do not use soap or detergent to clean the stovetop parts, just hot water.
Look at this cool gadget
Connect to the source
By far the world's most popular coffee maker, Moka Express is found in nearly every Italian household.
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