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List of different types of milk

Updated on November 7, 2015

Where do you get your milk from?

Do you still get your milk delivered on your doorstep by the milkman?

I have to go the refrigerated dairy section of the supermarket to get my milk or I have to stand in the milk aisle figuring out which milk I want to stack in my pantry so I don’t have those unexpected trip to the convenience store just to get milk.

Milk is often referred to as complete food and it is one of the most widely used ingredients.

Cow’s milk remains the most popular type, because it is slightly sweet, mild and subtle in flavor. Most of it comes from Friesian cows, but milk from Jersey and Guernsey cattle is also available.

 

The important component of the Western diet is mostly supplied by cows,  In some part of the world the milk of goats,  camels, mares, yaks and llams is also used
The important component of the Western diet is mostly supplied by cows, In some part of the world the milk of goats, camels, mares, yaks and llams is also used

What are the different kinds of milk?

  • Pasteurized - most of the milk that we buy has been pasteurized. This means that it has been heated to a temperature that eradicates any potentially dangerous bacteria, but does not affect the flavor of the milk.

Pasteurized milk will keep fresh for 2-3 days in a fridge. This is the kind of milk most often used for drinking, on cereals and in cooking.

  • Unpasteurized - also known as raw or untreated milk, is becoming increasingly available as people acquired a taste for untreated products. Herds used to provide untreated milk must always be certified. This involves the farms being stringently tested to ensure no dangerous bacteria are present.

It is recommended that babies, young children, the elderly, pregnant women and anyone with an impaired immune system should avoid drinking unpasteurized milk.

Whole milk

As the name suggest it is simply the fresh milk from the cow, with nothing added or taken away, although it is usually pasteurized.

During the summer when pastures are lush, the cream rises to the top but come winter, the creamy top of the milk becomes less apparent.

With the growing concern about the effects of saturated fat and cholesterol, full-creamed whole milk has become less popular.

Semi-Skimmed and skimmed milk

 This is milk from which part or almost all the fat has been removed.

  • Semi-skimmed (low-fat) milk has a fat content of 1.5 -1.8 per cent and skimmed milk has a maximum fat content of 0.3 per cent although 0.1 per cent is more usual.

 

  • Skimmed milk contains half the calories of full-cream milk and only a fraction of the fat, but nutritionally it is virtually on a par, retaining most of its vitamins, calcium and other materials. However, removing almost all the fat also removes the fat-soluble vitamins A and D. As a result, skimmed milk is not suitable for young children. Fortified skimmed milk with added vitamins and calcium is available.

Homogenized milk

When milk is homogenized the fat particles are broken up and dispersed evenly throughout it. The cream is blended into all of the milk, instead of floating to the surface, which it does when it is left to its own devices. Homogenized milk has a richer flavor that is not to everyone’s taste.

 

Long-life and UHT milk

  • Long - life - milk labeled as long-life has been pasteurized, homogenized and then kept at a high temperature for long enough to destroy bacteria. The process gives the milk a rather odd burnt caramel flavour, but is nevertheless a useful stand-by as it will keep unopened for at least a week. However, once it has been opened, keep it in the refrigerator and treat as you would a normal milk.
  • UHT( ultra-heat treatment) milk will keep, unopened, for even longer than long-life milk. This milk has been heated briefly to a high temperature (1320C / 2700F). Although the taste is affected, it does not have quite the same caramelized flavor as long-life or sterilized milk. Unopened UHT milk can be stored, without refrigeration for up to three months. Once opened store in the refrigerator and treat it as fresh milk.

Dried and Canned Milk

Dried Milk – can be sold in tins, packets or plastic bottles, in powdered form. The water is removed and the dry powder will keep for a long time. Dried milk may be whole dried milk with its full fat content, or it may be skimmed to remove the fat before drying.

Evaporated - sold in cans and available whole or skimmed, evaporated milk is simply homogenized milk with considerably reduced water content so that it is almost twice as concentrated as ordinary milk. It is most useful for making desserts and sweets, either diluted with water or straight from the can. The high heat applied during processing gives it a very distinctive flavor. As the milk is sterilized in the can, it can be stored and unopened, almost indefinitely.

Condensed milk - is simply evaporated milk to which sugar has been added to thicken and sweeten it. It is mainly used for making desserts and sweets. You can buy it in can and in tube, it keeps for a long time as there is so much sugar in it.

Tips in buying and storing milk

  • Always check the label when buying fresh milk. Manufacturers and retailers are obliged to give a best before or sell by date on the carton. Unpasteurized raw milk has a green foil top.
  • Always store milk in the refrigerator, where it will last for 3-4 days . Stored outside the refrigerator, especially if the room is warm, it will sour very quickly.

Milk Survey

What kind or type of milk do you drink?

See results

Comments

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    • profile image

      Sugie 4 years ago

      One percent is good for you

    • profile image

      B+E 5 years ago

      I like milk in cereal

    • lemonkerdz profile image

      lemonkerdz 5 years ago from LIMA, PERU

      Very interesting, it´s funny i had just finnished a hub on pasteurization and if it´s really beneficial or not. i´m supprised you say that raw milk is more readily available. i can get hold of it in peru, in fact i prefer it to any other and treat it myself. But i´m glad to hear you can start to get it in other places now. thanks for the research.

    • profile image

      Jonarc12 5 years ago

      I want whole milk it is awesome

    • profile image

      sally y 6 years ago

      I hate semi skimmed milk i just love normal milk.i also like milkshake

    • profile image

      jennifer 6 years ago

      milk is actually good for u. is also good for your bone and is also good for you health..

    • profile image

      Alyssaaaa 6 years ago

      I drink Organic milk. No pesticides or hormones involved. Shelf life of 6 months can be kept cold or hot. Awesome! Tastes way better then 1% I was drinking.

    • profile image

      kdupree 7 years ago

      Your hub is very useful as it contains information that will help everybody know the different types of milk. Thanks for sharing.

    • Alexander Pease profile image

      Alexander Pease 7 years ago from Maine

      I don't drink milk all that much. I lost the taste for it while living at my parents house. They went on the Atkins diet and decided to try the Atkins milk. Let's just say that it was a nightmare in a carton.

    • ocbill profile image

      ocbill 7 years ago from hopefully somewhere peaceful and nice

      I enjoy the 1% non-hormone, no BHT milk. Although, for some reason lately it is spoiling earlier than usual.

    • KoffeeKlatch Gals profile image

      Susan Hazelton 7 years ago from Sunny Florida

      Great information. The reseach is flawless. I use the skim milk, and sometimes Almond Milk.

    • jojokaya profile image

      jojokaya 7 years ago from USA

      I love skim milk. Nice hubs.

    • bbnix profile image

      bbnix 7 years ago from Southern California

      Wow, a beautiful, comprehensive and informative hub 'Del Rosario.

      It just so happens I love milk (2% that is), a favorite of mine.

      Fantastic job...

      Thanks so much!!

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