Specialty Coffee - not just your typical coffee
Even though it may be a small cup of coffee that some can be finished within a gulp, the coffee-to-cup process is a complex one beginning with the coffee beans that are sowed from the farms, the life-defining stage where the roaster converts the green beans (i.e. raw beans) to roasted ones, the brewer's extraction of the essence of the beans and the barista serving them in varied forms from espresso to cappuccino.
What is Specialty Coffee?
Specialty coffees are grown in special and ideal climates, and are distinctive because of the fullness of their taste. The unique flavors of the coffee are a result of the special characteristics of the soils in which they are produced and the climate they are being grown in. According to the Specialty Coffee Association of America (SCAA), coffee which scores 80 points or above on a 100-point scale is graded "specialty."
Before the green coffees are sent for shipment, Q-graders will grade the coffee based on lots. Each lot from a single farm can taste differently compared to other lots. Cupping determines more specifically the different characteristics of coffee according to the production regions and harvest periods. According to the standards of Specialty Coffee Association of Europe (SCAE), to cup (taste) for defects, aroma and profile from a single lot, five cups of coffee have to be cupped to evaluation its consistency.
Specialty Coffee in Singapore
In Singapore, more specialty cafes are opening as there is increasing demand for good coffees in the Singapore. Some well-known specialty cafes in Singapore are Nylon Coffee Roasters, Papa Palheta and Toby's Estate. These cafes are not only quenching the thirst of coffee of discerning Singaporeans, but also their curiosity of specialty coffee. Just as there are different ways to process coffee, there are also various ways of brewing coffee, such as french press, aeropress, pour over or filter, and siphon. The more popular method of brewing coffee is expresso which is also how most cafes serve their coffee.
The next time you visit one of the specialty cafes in Singapore, how about considering an alternative brewing method for your cup of coffee?