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Guava - An Amazing Fruit

Updated on May 15, 2012

Guava

Guava is a tropical fruit with a green or yellow skin which can be smooth or rough depending on the species. Native to Mexico and parts of Central and Northern South America, the guava is now grown in many other parts of the world especially tropical and subtropical regions. It is a juicy fruit which comes in many varieties with lemon guava and apple guava being amongst the most commonly cultivated varieties. It is important to note that guavas are one of the richest sources of vitamin C and contain about ten times the amount of vitamin C found in citrus.

Common names of Guava

Some of the common names of this fruit in other languages are as follows:

  • Jwafa in Arabic
  • Goyave in French
  • Guaiava in Italian
  • Guayaba in Spanish
  • goiaba in Portuguese
  • Amrood in Urdu and Hindi
  • Gvajave in Latvian
  • Guave in Dutch and German
  • Jambu biji in Indonesian
  • Gujawa in Polish
  • Guajaav in Estonian
  • And guava in many many other languages

Now you can talk about guava while on a world tour. :)

Buying and Storing Guavas

Choose ripe guavas, most common species will have a yellow skin when ripe. Also they should give slightly to the touch when gently pressed. They have a shelf life and can be kept in refrigerators for about 5 days. Ideally, they should be eaten as soon as they ripe. However they can be frozen for a bit longer period.

Health Benefits of Guava

Guava is a rich source of vitamin C. Eat the fruit without peeling its skin off as the skin is much rich in vitamin C. It also contain calcium potassium, iron and folic acid. Guava is beneficial for asthma, high blood pressure and prolonged menstruation. It also strengthens the heart and helps with weight loss. Reducing acne and enhancing digestive system are also two of its numerous benefits. So, even if you don't like it, consume a lot of guava for its health benefits.

Grow Your Own Guavas

You can easily start a new guava plants from seeds. Make sure there are no fruit particles left on the seeds. Soak the seeds in lukewarm water for about 24 to 48 hours (this speeds up the germination process). Now you can germinate the seeds either in soil or ziploc reclosable bags. Place the seeds in moist well-drained soil or place them in the ziplog bag with a moist tissue paper in it. Remember, the soil or tissue should be kept moist during the process. The seeds normally germinate in about two to three weeks but can take up to 8 weeks to germinate.

Guava tree requires direct full sunlight but little seedlings will burn under direct sun. So, initially plant seedlings in pots and when the plant is 1 to 2 years old, transform it the ground of your orchid. Plant it in full sunlight. They do best when watered regularly, however allow the soil around plant to dry before watering it again. Fertilize the soil with fertilizer high in nitrogen once in a month when the tree is producing fruit. 5 to 7 pH is preferable.

Remember, guavas can also be propagated by methods of stem cutting, root cutting and air-layering; but I believe that propagating them from seeds is the easiest method for a layman.

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    • Thelma Alberts profile image

      Thelma Alberts 4 years ago from Germany

      Wow! I did not know the lot of benefits about guava especially that of prolonged menstruation. I love eating guavas. In fact, I have a big guava tree in our backyard in the Philippines where I´m now spending my winter. Thanks for this very informative hub.

    • profile image

      bethalyn fabro marco 5 years ago

      am so lucky i have my own tree at home..now i appreciate a lot coz of these article..tnx.

    • profile image

      RS Rawat 6 years ago

      I have a guava tree that grew on its own - dropped perhaps by a bird. It fruit was not too good. So I cut it down till its roots. Next year it grew from the roots. We were surprised to see good sized fruits on this tree. The inner portion was reddish. We now give the tree a good haircut every year. Wonder if it will work for you!

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
      Author

      Ultimate Hubber 6 years ago

      Hey Qudsia!

      I was busy with other online stuff. I've been writing on RitePad lately. They let me write 100 word posts and place a backlink to my hubs also. Plus I get 80% of the total ad impressions.

      And I can write like 10 posts a day there, so planning to publish some 300 posts in the next month.

    • QudsiaP1 profile image

      QudsiaP1 6 years ago

      I love the guava with salt and pepper. :P

      Where have you been Ultimate Hubber? Do stop by more often, hope you are well. :)

    • profile image

      diosdado macapagal 6 years ago

      I love guava for Sinigang sa Bayabas

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
      Author

      Ultimate Hubber 6 years ago

      Thanks for stopping by razztazz.

    • razztazz profile image

      razztazz 6 years ago

      I love guava. I used to eat them all the time when I lived in Mexico

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
      Author

      Ultimate Hubber 7 years ago

      Maybe because mangoes have more buyers than guavas?

    • ggerner profile image

      ggerner 7 years ago

      I wish fresh guavas were available around here. I wonder why they're not widely imported like mangos. Certainly a delicious fruit.

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
      Author

      Ultimate Hubber 7 years ago

      I have heard guava trees can survive occasional snow and some varieties can produce fruit also in such cold circumstances. Though, I am sure continuous frost won't allow it to grow fruit and might even kill it.

    • sagebrush_mama profile image

      sagebrush_mama 7 years ago from The Shadow of Death Valley...Snow Covered Mountain Views Abound!

      I wonder how a guava tree would fare through the winter...I'd love to grow one, but our winter is probably just a tinge too harsh. I love guava!

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
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      Ultimate Hubber 7 years ago

      Thank you for stopping by ST! But there is nothing like a fresh guava.

    • Simple Tim profile image

      Simple Tim 7 years ago

      Awsome hub on this delicious fruit! I wish they were more widely available.I get canned Guava from a local Asian market...love it in a fruit salad with papaya (another deliious fruit) Though I have to admit I too love the juice more than just the plain fruit.

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
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      Ultimate Hubber 7 years ago

      Glad you liked it cyekin!

    • profile image

      cyekin_37 7 years ago

      Very interesting! Thank you for taking the time to write and publish this great hub :) Voted it up!!!

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
      Author

      Ultimate Hubber 7 years ago

      Ah! They carry a lovely aroma wherever you take them. Love them!

    • emievil profile image

      emievil 7 years ago from Philippines

      Oh yes they are. And they smell really sweet. That's why whenever we eat them inside the office, the office starts to smell of guava :).

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
      Author

      Ultimate Hubber 7 years ago

      Thank you all for commenting.

      Billy, I love the juice too!

      Ethel, do get them whenever you can, they will give you a lot of vitamin C.

      Bingskee, if you ask me, I like the semi ripe ones more than the ripe ones. There was a place on the side of highway, where there were a lot of guava plantation and they used to pick fresh, semi ripe ones and sell them, those were the juiciest guavas I ever had. Haven't been travelling lately, miss them.

      Glad to see your comment Emie, thank you for adding the Filipino for guava. Fresh from the tree guavas must be tasty?

    • emievil profile image

      emievil 7 years ago from Philippines

      Great info UH. We have a guava tree in our backyard and my staff will often go there just to pick them off the tree! We call them 'bayabas' in Filipino :).

    • bingskee profile image

      bingskee 7 years ago from Quezon City, Philippines

      i enjoyed the list of name for this fruit.

      i love guava jams and the semi ripe guavas.

    • ethel smith profile image

      Eileen Kersey 7 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      I love the flavour of this fruit but they are hard to find in the UK

    • billyaustindillon profile image

      billyaustindillon 7 years ago

      Well covered - I do enjoy Guava juice - a nice lift from it.

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
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      Ultimate Hubber 7 years ago

      Thank you for the appreciation Soni! It means a lot when it comes from a good writer like yourself.

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 7 years ago from New Delhi, India

      You will be buddy if you will keep on writing and publishing such great hubs in the contest.

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
      Author

      Ultimate Hubber 7 years ago

      Thanks Soni!

      Hope I get lucky enough to win. :)

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 7 years ago from New Delhi, India

      This is an excellent hub on guava with all the essential information from basics to buying and storing and everything. Wow..you deserve today's win. Let's see.