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How 2 Make Wine At Home

Updated on August 20, 2014

How 2 Make Wine At Home

Learn How 2 Make Wine at Home.There are some basic steps to make wine. First of all you should understand what the ingredients of wine are. Then it is important to know the process how wine is made. Once you understand these two steps then step by step process of how to make wine would be a child's play for you. Do you want to impress your friends by serving perfect home made wine? Or you just want to get in the know about how to make wine at home? I tell you, there are infinite ways of making wine at home. Here, we are going to describe the simplest, the most practical method of wine making. Nevertheless, I am trying to give you a brief introduction to wine making , if you really want to learn how to make wine.

We are going to use "100%" grape juice bottles or boxes of 1 liter, which can easily be found in many stores. Which brand? That is your choice. However, beware: even some famous brands may produce really bad results. Most probably, their juices are not exactly "100%". Thus, we advise you to choose a "reliable" grape juice brand.

Learn How To Make Wine At Home

The making of wine is an amazing fine blend of fruit, time, and skill. Below is a description of the production of Whites, Reds, and Sweet Dessert Wines.

Red Wine

After removing red wine grapes from storage, they are de-stemmed. That is, they are removed from the vegetation to which they are attached.

When the stems have been removed from the grapes, they are put into a wine press. Here they will be compressed into a paste. The juice will be released from the fruit at this point. The character of the finished wine is determined by the amount of time the pomace or paste is left in contact with the rest of the mixture in the cask.

After the winemaker decides that the correct amount of time has gone by, the juice will be drained off. Yeast will be added, and the fermentation process will begin. In many cases, the remaining pomace will be returned to the vineyard where it will be used to fertilize the grape vines.

After the sugar content and color are deemed proper, the cask valve will be opened. The best quality wine (first juice) will be removed and placed in separate containers to finish the fermentation process.

'Pressed wines', contain a large amount of tannin and are created from extra solids. These have a very strong color. They are mixed with the first juice in varying degrees to create different sorts of wines.

One the fermentation process is finished, the wine is either poured into a bottle immediately or left to age.

White Wine

In the process of making white wine, the grapes must not be damaged. That is why they are transferred to the receiving bins very quickly. After being put in the receiving bin, the grapes are moved to the press. Here the must will be separated from solids, such as the skins.

Now the solids are ignored. The remaining juice will be lightly refrigerated. After this, it will be moved to a stainless steel vat. It will ferment in this vat. The temperature is closely monitored during the fermentation process because this is what determines the finish and the aroma of the final wine.

The wine that results from the process of fermentation, when it is finished, is decanted, avoiding the sediment that has collected at the vat's bottom. The wine is bottled and ready for sale, after the decanting process, and is the best to consume within 24 months.

Sweet Dessert Wines

There are two methods employed in the production of dessert wines. A fast-growing fungus called Botrytis cinerea is used for the first method. This changes the fruit and alters the color and also adjusts the acid elements and sugar amounts. The addition of alcohol for the interruption of the process of fermentation is method number two. Grape is the leading flavor in the creation of a sweet, strong wine with this method.

Garnacha and Moscatel grapes are used for sweet wines. These grapes, combined with the fermentation process leave the wine with a hint mushroom smell as the bottle is uncorked.

By: Abhinav Sidana | Published in: Food & Drinks | Recipes | Published Date: 08-14-2010

How 2 Make Wine

The Ingredients You'll Need

This method described is probably the easiest way of making wine, this is perfect for a beginner who just wants to learn how to make wine at home. Here is what we'll need:

- 3 bottles or boxes of 100% grape juice (i.e. 3 litres)

- 4-6 empty glass bottles

- Baker’s yeast (dry)

- Granulated sugar

- Paper napkin (clean/odorless fabric)

- Rubber bands or cellophane tape

- 2-3 cl water

- a funnel.

How 2 Make Wine

The Fermentation Process Of The Wine

Now it is time to start explaining how to make wine. First, divide the 3 bottles or boxes of grape juice into four. Thus, you will need an empty bottle. You can use cleaned wine or juice bottles of 1 liter.

Now, you have four bottles/boxes containing 75 cl grape juice. Add 2.5 (two and a half) tablespoons of granulated sugar to each of them and shake until the sugar is dissolved. Granulated sugar is necessary to increase the alcohol volume of the wine to about 10-11%. During the fermentation process, the sugar content of the grape juice and the extra sugar will turn into alcohol.

Put 2-3 centiliters of clean water (room temperature), ½ teaspoon of baker’s yeast and 1 teaspoon of granulated sugar into a glass. Mix it until sugar and yeast are dissolved. Cover the glass and put it in a dark place. Depending on the air temperature, a relatively thick layer of foam will form on the surface of the water within one or two hours (faster at higher temperatures).

Add 1/4th of the layer of foam and 3 teaspoons of water with yeast and sugar to each of the four grape juice bottles/boxes. You may shake the bottles/boxes in order to ensure complete mixing.

Then, in order to prevent air inflow and allow the outflow of gases produced during the fermentation process, seal the necks of bottles/boxes using napkin. 3 layers are sufficient for wider necks and 2 for narrow ones. In order to fix napkins, you may use the rubber bands or cellophane tape. However, do not forget to allow the outflow of gases to be produced during fermentation; i.e., do not fully cover the napkin with a cellophane tape. Otherwise, you will experience overflow.

Finally, place the bottles/boxes in a dark place as odorless as possible (in fact, during all phases of wine making, the environment should be as odorless as possible).

The ideal fermentation temperature is about 25 degrees Celsius (77 degrees Fahrenheit). At that temperature, the fermentation process will take about 9-12 days.

At the end of 9-12 days, layers of sediment will have formed at the bottoms of bottles/boxes. Now, you have a turbid alcoholic juice.

How 2 Make Wine Take It One Step Further

Revitalize The Process Of Fermentation And Minimize Turbidity

In order to revitalize the process of fermentation and to minimize turbidity, you should transfer the liquid three or four times at regular intervals (one or two days). Transfer the four bottles/boxes into 3 bottles of 1 liter, however, do not transfer the sediment. Thus, there will be some loss during each transfer.

After each transfer, seal the necks of the bottles as described above and put them in dark/odorless places.

You can reuse your old bottles after cleaning them with water and if necessary with the help of a toothbrush.

Meanwhile, taste your product during each transfer. If it is too sweet, sugar has not turned into alcohol and you should wait longer before the next transfer. If it is too sour, you should make the next transfer sooner than you have done the previous one.

During the last transfer (third or fourth one, depending on your choice), try to minimize bubbling.

Hey, your wine is ready to consume! Cheers!

Aging

If you want to refine your wine through aging, you may transfer your tasty product into wine bottles. Fill the bottles as much as possible in order to minimize the air remaining in it. Remember, this process needs a cool and dark place and you should place your bottles horizontally. Depending on your patience, you may wait 1, 3 or 6 months. However, do not forget: A bad wine will not become tasty through aging. Age your good products only.

How To Make Wine - Typical Ingredients Explained

Grapes
Grapes

How 2 Make Wine At Home Explained

Wine is one of the tastiest drinks. Some of the wines are really expensive. But it is possible to make wine at home. So we need to know how to make wine at home. Actually, it is a very simple process. And the reward is a very nice one. We get really tasty wine. You might all be wondering about how to make wine at home, right? We tell you a very easy recipe to make wine at home.

How to make wine at home? To make wine at home, it is not all that difficult. First, it should be taken care that there are no dried or decayed fruits in the collection. Then the fruits should be squeezed to juice with hands or with the help of a juicer. Water should not be used in the process of making the wine as it will degrade the taste. Boiling the fruit is also not a good idea as this can also produce the same result. Grapes can be squeezed using the feet as well which is the right way to extract juice for wine. After extracting the juice, sugar should be added in ample amount. Usually, if the fruit is not very sweet, the sugar should be added accordingly.

According to the amount of sugar used, the amount of yeast added should also be increased. The yeast should be added to the juice only after powdering it and warming it for a few minutes in water. After this is done, the sugar should be dissolved in the fruit juice by slightly warming the mixture in a stainless steel container. The amount of yeast added increases the alcoholic effect of the wine.

The juice should then be transferred to a vessel which is called a fermentation vessel and should be tightly air-locked. The wine is usually left in the vessel for nearly a year. Wine always tastes better when it is kept for longer period of time. Every month, the bottle in the vessel should be checked. If there is a white film over the wine, it should be removed. Once you notice that there are no more air bubbles that comes out of the tightly locked cork or lid, the wine can be bottled in a sterilized bottled.

fruit
fruit

Alternative Wine Ingredients

You Don't Just Have To Use Grapes!

Why do grapes get all the glory when it comes to wine? Sure, nothing beats a good South African wine or a bottle of bubbly from France, but what about the lesser known cousins of the famous beverage. How about pineapple, blueberry or cherry?

1. Blueberry wine

Known as Lappish Love Potion, this Finnish wine is made using fermented blueberries. The process is said to be quite labour intensive which is why the wine isn't mass produced on a global market, but it does have a substantial fan base. There are many recipes which explain the process of making it yourself at home and it is relatively simple, containing nothing more than blueberries, water and sugar. The clear red drink tastes like raspberries and is said to pair well with desserts as it is quite sweet.

2. Pineapple wine

This beverage has about an 11 percent alcohol volume and is predominantly produced in Hawaii and Japan using fermented pineapple juice. Often mistaken as a dessert wine because of its implied sweetness, this beverage tastes more like a dry white wine and goes great with meals of ham or pizza and even chocolate. It can also be served in a glass with pieces of chilled, fresh pineapple to enhance the flavor. Anyone who enjoys tropical flavours will enjoy this wine.

3. Dandelion wine

Some consider them weeds, but the common dandelion flower can easily be made into a great drink with a low alcohol level. This interesting concoction can be made at home using whole dandelion petals, yeast and a variety of fruits like lemon peel, orange juice or ginger. The fermented wine apparently tastes better with age and can be bottled for up to a year before being drunk. Serve it with a fresh summer salad or a baked fish dish.

4. Redcurrant wine

A high quality wine predominantly produced in cooler areas that have trouble growing grapes, redcurrant wine takes patience to make and needs to be aged properly before being served, as it tends to mellow into a better tasting wine with time. The ruby red wine is said to have a tart flavor and if not made correctly, can be quite high in acidity. Find a recipe that suits you and get started today to enjoy it in a year.

5. Cherry wine

Also known as Kijafa, this Finnish wine is manufactured in the country but can be bought online. There are ways to make it at home, however, and as with most other fruit wines, you simply need a reputable recipe. It is described as cider-tasting and has a bright cherry colour with a rich aftertaste. Enjoy it on the rocks.

Others have experimented with a host of other fruits to make wine with and there are literally hundreds to choose from, some available to buy and others which you can easily make at home. The best thing to do is experiment and design a wine that suits your tastes - getting suitably sloshed in the process is half the fun. You never know, your discovery could become a famous south african wines someday

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