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Jackfruit Trees for Delicious Recipes, Feed and Timber for Poverty Alleviation

Updated on September 22, 2019
hmkrishna profile image

The author hails from South Indian village, situated in the South-West coastal region. He is into farm science and agriculture.

Jackfruit tree

The jackfruit tree is Artocarpus heterophyllus, a tropical evergreen tree, growing to a very good height of about 15 m, 25 m. It mostly grows straight and it branches unevenly at great lengths. Trees can be raised from seedlings and recently from budded grafts also. The grafted plants have become very much popular, mainly because they yield quickly and produce true to the type of fruits as the mother tree.

There are a number of jackfruit varieties, for example, round ones, oval ones, yellow perianth, orange perianth, white perianth, around the year yielder, etc.

A cut composite jackfruit
A cut composite jackfruit
A Jack tree bearing jackfruits
A Jack tree bearing jackfruits

The fruits

The jack fruit which is a form of composite fruit, used as a vegetable when it is tender and when it becomes mature, it can be used as an alternative for cereals like rice, as it has plenty of carbohydrates. Ripe jackfruit has food value, delicious taste and can be used for making a large number of preparations.

A round jackfruit
A round jackfruit
A large elongate jackfruit
A large elongate jackfruit
Jackfruit perianth lobes cut, seperated cleaned and split by removing seeds
Jackfruit perianth lobes cut, seperated cleaned and split by removing seeds

Jackfruit cutting

Jackfruit recipes

Cutting jackfruit

Since jackfruit is having shallow spines on its skin and moreover it is very heavy due to its size, cutting of jackfruit is skilful work. For making the first cut, either a very sharp sickle or an axe is required. Innovative farmers have developed themselves jackfruit cutting devices using the vehicle balance spring leaves.

People themselves individually or collectively in community, process jackfruit in various preparations. These preparation are also sold in village markets. On one hand Jackfruit help in saving on the vegetable expense and on the other, they also help the rural people to do value addition and to earn the income.

Recipes

A large number of recipes can be made out of jackfruit. It is extremely used, related to the vegetables. The jackfruit perianth can be ground to form a gravy for making the Indian bread. Another method is very simple where the perianths can be salted and stored for the rainy season for making a lot of food preparations. More than 40 types of culinary preparations are made from jackfruit, as one of the main ingredients.

Tender jackfruits are very useful for diabetics

The Jackfruit before it becomes succulent by the accumulation of carbohydrate in the perianth lobes, it contains a lot of dietary fibres. Chopping these dietary fibres into small pieces and cooking and eating helps for the addition of a lot of dietary fibre into the food. This helps to bring down carbohydrate in the food as well as for making weight-loss in the body.

Jackfruits are of feed value

Jackfruit whether it is either mature or ripe, it can be used as a cattle feed. The fruits are cut into pieces and dried in the sun for an extended shelf life of the cattle feed. One of the disadvantages is that the tree and fruits have latex inside, which is also there in the ripe fruits. However, when it is cut, the latex flows out and can be easily removed. After removing the latex, by cutting and wiping out with a stick, it is given as feed. The fresh fruits after cutting can be fed directly, as much as 8 kilos of jackfruit per day, for a moderately sized cow, which is a good quantity. By feeding the jackfruit to the dairy cows, there is a lot of saving on cattle feed. Important gain, that is due to the availability of good amount of potassium in the jackfruit, it has a complementary effect on calcium absorption by the body and it has an advantage on the milk yield also. Whereas, if you feed some sort of other cattle feeds, the cows go on losing the body calcium and demand supplementary calcium diet.

The cows love the taste of either raw or cooked jackfruits cut into pieces and they relish it very much due it's sweetness and its aroma.

Other uses of jackfruit

Religious uses

The Jackfruit tree is very sacred. It is used in the rituals as holy firewood. Priests in the temples are performing religious rituals such as ‘Yagas’ using jackwood, in case if sandalwood is not available. They also use coconut shell and coconut husk. Jackfruit leaves are used to pour the ghee to the ritual sacred fire. They are also used to keep above the tumblers and beneath the coconuts, for the ‘Kalasha Paatram’ or the holy water container.

Timber value

After an age of about 25 years or more, the jackfruit tree is very valuable. Its timber is golden yellow or reddish in colour giving a very royal elegance to the furniture made out of it. However, compared to the girth of the tree, due to a very thick bark, the hardwood is slightly lesser. The bark is inferior in timber quality. The hardwood is very valuable quality, the middle portion is used for making boards, bars and the outer portion is used for narrow bars for the furniture which are moderately lightweight and amenable for craftsmanship.

In view of the multiple-use, the jackfruit finds its own value in rural life. It is cut only when it is very old in age. When such trees are cut for timber use, its owner gets a very high price and hence it is called a gold yielder tree.

Ripe jackfruit lobes can be eaten raw
Ripe jackfruit lobes can be eaten raw
Mature and unripe jackfruit pressed 'papad' is very popular for oil frying and eating as snack food
Mature and unripe jackfruit pressed 'papad' is very popular for oil frying and eating as snack food
Jack wood furnitures are elegant and golden coloured
Jack wood furnitures are elegant and golden coloured
Jackfruit cutting tools
Jackfruit cutting tools

Final words on jackfruits

In a nutshell, jackfruit alleviates the poverty of rural people. Jackfruit season is a festival in the rural villages. A large number of preparations are made out of jackfruit seeds also, which are also tasty and proteinaceous and rich in calcium.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2019 Halemane Muralikrishna

Comments

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    • hmkrishna profile imageAUTHOR

      Halemane Muralikrishna 

      10 months ago from South India

      There are two category of jackfruits. One is loose one, many don't use it other than as fodder. I hope if you get good quality tight jackfruit, which has tight consistency even after roping while cooking, it will be very good.

    • profile image

      Swati khandelwal 

      10 months ago

      Although i don't like jack fruit but after going through the benefits and the way you presented i am going to definitely try jackfruit some day

      Nice one!

    • hmkrishna profile imageAUTHOR

      Halemane Muralikrishna 

      14 months ago from South India

      Thank you Mr Rohan for your intentions to popularize jackfruit trees.

    • Rohan Kalonia profile image

      Rohan Kalonia 

      14 months ago from New Delhi

      Wow! lots of valuable information about jackfruit. This fruit is bit unpopular in north India but this article has helped me to know more about jackfruit. very informative article, will share this with my friends who love to cook. They will find this article very helpful as well.

    • hmkrishna profile imageAUTHOR

      Halemane Muralikrishna 

      17 months ago from South India

      Grow jackfruit for global markets.

    • jnanesh profile image

      Jnanesh Sharma H 

      17 months ago from South India

      Jackfruit is always mouthwatering fruit which grows even outside my house and it is just too amazing, I liked this article, Thanks

    • Abitha Deepak profile image

      Abitha 

      17 months ago from Chennai, Tamilnadu

      Yes, I have heard about Panruthi Palaa. As for exhaustive research on the diverse varieties -Murali, I will leave that to you to research and write on. I know just enough to choose my favourites on the variety list :) For example, Elachi Bananas and Himampasand, Senthura and Malgova Mangoes top the list!

    • hmkrishna profile imageAUTHOR

      Halemane Muralikrishna 

      17 months ago from South India

      Thank you, Ms Abitha. Panruthi Palaa of Tamil Nadu is popular over the world now! Will you tell more about your regional mangoes and plantains through your next hub?

    • Abitha Deepak profile image

      Abitha 

      17 months ago from Chennai, Tamilnadu

      Wonderful piece on Jackfruit, This took me right back to my cbildhood. I have tried a few of the jackfruit delicacies, They are unique and appealing. The seeds can actually be toasted in embers and eaten after the outer layer is peeled off alternatively they are also used in savoury curries. Every dish is totally different. No wonder then it is called in Tamil literature as one of the three wonderful fruits - "Mukkani - Ma, Palaa, Vaazhai" - i.e. Mango, Jackfruit and Banana!

    • hmkrishna profile imageAUTHOR

      Halemane Muralikrishna 

      18 months ago from South India

      Thank you Mr Rajinder and Ms Prantika, there are some hubs already available on jackfruit recipeshttps://delishably.com/desserts/Jack-fruit-Sweets-...

      Interesting.

    • Prantika Samanta profile image

      Prantika Samanta 

      18 months ago from Kolkata, India

      Good to know the medicinal properties and other aspects. It's such a useful tree. Hope this article will make people aware of its usefulness. I like the recipe part as well. I will try making it. Thank you for writing such a wonderful article that describes the importance of jackfruit.

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 

      18 months ago from New Delhi, India

      Murali I actually didn't know so many things about jackfruit before reading your hub. Your presentation is superb and journal type and you have a Wikipedia type of style to express your knowledge. Keep writing and adding value to the online community. We welcome your straightforward approach to subjects and concepts of different varieties and versions.

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