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List of Different kinds of Vegetables

Updated on August 02, 2014

Vegetables are an indispensable part of healthy eating, truly food for life. There are lots of benefits we can get from eating our daily intake of vegetables.

  • Many are rich in beta carotene and vitamin C and folate, potassium and other minerals.
  • High fibre content which regulates bowel function.
  • Rich in bioflavonoids and other compounds that help prevent diseases.

How much is enough vegetables?

It is high recommended that we eat a lest 5 servings of vegetables daily.

A serving is a half cup of raw or cooked vegetables, a cup of leafy salad vegetables or half cup of vegetable juice. Nutritionist recommend choosing a variety of vegetables, both raw and cooked including coloured orange, red, dark green and yellow vegetables including allium vegetables such as onions and garlic.

When choosing vegetables the main consideration should always be quality. This list features the different kinds and types of vegetables and some suggestions in buying and storing to enable you to get the most nutrition for your money.

ARTOCHOKES - CARROTS - CAULIFLOWERS
ARTOCHOKES - CARROTS - CAULIFLOWERS

A

  • Artichokes - they are at their best when they have plump, compact, olive-green heads and are heavy for their size, with full fleshy, tight closed scales or leaves. To prevent drying, wrap unwashed artichokes in a damp towel and store in plastic bag in the refrigerator. Artichokes provide Vitamin C and low in kilojoules.
  • Asparagus - Always choose straight spears of uniform thickness with compact pointed tips. Round plump spears are usually more tender than flat ones.Aside from Vitamin C it has some vitamin E and is high in riboflavin thiamin, potassium and iron.

B

  • Beans - there are three main groups of beans: green beans, runner beans and broad. Most beans are available all year round. Fresh beans are usually at their best when small and young. Avoid tough, rubbery or discoloured beans. Use within a few days. Beans are high in protein, carbohydrates and are also a good source of vitamins A, B1 and B2.
  • Beetroot- are a deep rich red. They can be served hot, cold, pickled or in salads. Available all year. Choose firm, smooth, globular tubers. Tubers can be refrigerated in the vegetable crisper for up to two weeks, it provide fibre, folate and potassium.
  • Broccoli - available all year, it should be cooked lightly and quickly to retain its crispness. Buy broccoli with firm compact clusters of closed flower buds- sage green to dark green-and firm tender, light green stalks. Avoid open yellow buds which is a sign of over maturity.
  • Brussels sprouts - buy as fresh as possible as older ones are more likely to have that strong unpleasant "cabbage" flavour. They should be small and hard with tightly wrapped leaves. Avoid any that are turning yellow or brown or have loose leaves. It is better to buy them as you need them, but will keep for several days in the fridge.

C

  • Cabbage - fresh cabbage should have outer leaves of a fresh green or red colour depending on the variety. The crinkly types and red cabbages are generally preferred for salads and coleslaw. Cabbage is rich in vitamin A and C, folate fibre and potassium.
  • Capsicums - are mild in taste and can be eaten fresh or cooked. Green bell capsicums, which turn bright red when mature are the type most often found in the markets but other sweet capsicum - such as the long, yellow banana capsicum are also available. When buying capsicum always look for firm, thick fleshed and well shaped with a uniform glossy colour
  • Carrots - Carrots are rich in carotene - a substance that converts to vitamin A. available all year round and always choose firm, straight, bright orange carrots.
  • Celery - is a plant of many uses and little waste. the leaves and dried seeds make flavourful seasonings, the outer ribs are best cooked the inner ribs or heart can be eaten raw.

BROCCOLI- EGGPLANTS - ZUCCHINI
BROCCOLI- EGGPLANTS - ZUCCHINI

E

  • Eggplant - known by its French name "aubergine". Eggplant is purple and pear-shaped. Choose firm smooth plants, heavy for their size, with no scars or flabbiness. Small fruits will have more tender skins and fewer seeds than the larger ones and are excellent grilled whole. Refrigerate eggplant and use within a week. Low in kilojoules, eggplant contains vitamin C, magnesium and potassium. Read more. . .



G

  • Garlic - this pungent bulb is a member of the amaryllis family. Its juice contains allicin, a natural antibiotic. Available all year round. When buying, garlic bulbs should be firm and round with clear papery skins, avoid any that are beginning to sprout. Bulbs will keep for weeks in a cool, dry well-ventilated place.
  • Ginger -Available all year round. To prepare, simply peel away the skin with a sharp knife and grate or thinly slice according to the recipe. Ginger will keep in the refrigerator, loosely covered for two or three months, cut ends might grow mouldy but can be trimmed.


H

  • Horseradish-sometimes called" German mustard" it is grown for its sharp-flavoured white roots which contain a volatile oil. Fresh horseradish will keep in the refrigerator for up to three months. it is excellent with hot or cold beef, horseradish sauce is delicious with smoked trout or mackerel or spread thinly on sandwiches with a pate.  

 

K

  • Kale- most kale have thick stems and robust leaves that do form a head. Many kales have curly leaves, which are the variety most commonly eaten. large coarse-leafed kales are grown for cattle ans sheep feeds. Kale is frequently teamed with fairly hot spices and is popular in many Indian dishes.

PUMPKIN- MUSHROOM -LETTUCE
PUMPKIN- MUSHROOM -LETTUCE

L

  • Leeks -There are many varieties of leeks but among them is little difference in flavour. Always buy leeks which look fresh and healthy. The white part should be firm and unblemished and the leaves green and lively, it is best to buy them when you need them. It is important to wash them thoroughly before cooking as dirt and grit lodges itself between the white section at the base.
  • Lettuce- The numerous varieties of this salad plant namely: round lettuce, butterheads, crispheads, looseheads, liitle gem and cos lettuce. Eat lettuce as soon as possible after purchasing, in the meantime keep it in a cool dark place such as the salad drawer of the fridge.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Lettuce @ My Small Garden
Lettuce @ My Small Garden
Lettuce @ My Small Garden | Source

M

  • Mushrooms - Available all year round. Always buy clean, creamy white or light tan mushrooms, avoid spongy, discoloured or sweaty ones. Refrigerate and use within a day or two. Wipe mushrooms clean but do not peel or soak them. Mushrooms are an excellent low-kilojoule food.


O

  • Okra - commonly known as ladies' fingers are grown in warm tropical regions. The most notable characteristic is its sticky consistency, which makes it a useful thickener for soups or stews. If steamed quickly the pods will be crisp-tender and not release their sticky juice. When buying okra, avoid tough, fibrous or discolored pods. Rich in Vitamin C and contains folate and magnesium and moderate amount of vitamin A and fibre.
  • Onions - available all year and comes invariety of different colors and strengths. Onions contain a substance which release when they are cut and cause the eyes to water quite painfuly. Like garlic they contain cycloalin, an anticoagulant which helps rotect against heart disease


P

  • Peas - Available almost all year round. Only buy fresh peas. if they are old they are bound to be disappointing and you would be better off buying them frozen.
  • Potatoes - there are many varieties of potatoes and potatoes can be cook in different ways such as baking, boiling, chipping, mashing, roasting sauteing and make it into salad. It is good to always store in cool dry place. Potatoes are important source of carbohydrates..

PEAS - BEETROOT-ASPARAGUS
PEAS - BEETROOT-ASPARAGUS

R

  • Radishes - belongs to the mustard family, they range from round and red, long and red or white. Used as garnish or can be finely sliced and cooked with other vegetables. Available all year round. Always look for firm, bright radishes. Remove leafy part of the tops and refrigerate in a plastic bag, use within a week. A good source of vitamin C.

S

  • Sweet Corn - a variety of maize that has been developed for use as a fresh vegetable, it is sweeter than the common field corn. it is available frozen, both on the cob and in kernels, the kernels are also very popular canned.
  • Sweet Potatoes - available all year and comes in many varieties but are two basic types: the dry-fleshed with rather mealy, pale yellow flesh and the moist-fleshed with dep yellow to orange-red flesh. Sweet potatoes generally keep well stored in a cool dry place.

SWEET CORN - CELERY - CAPSICUM
SWEET CORN - CELERY - CAPSICUM

T

  • Tomatoes - available all year, always look for firm plump fruit, the fresher they look, the better. Refrigerate at once or otherwise they will become mushy. Tomatoes are excellent source of vitamin C and a good source of vitamin A.
  • Turnips -  is a member of the cabbage family, are commonly white fleshed with purple tops.  Some varieties are grown especially for their leaves, which are richer in  nutrients than the roots.  Refrigerate turnips to keep for long period.    

W - Z

  • Watercress - delicate, round-leafed salad plant of the mustard family. It has a distinctive raw flavor both peppery and slightly pungent. Beeds fast flowing clean water to thrive. Choose only tender young leaves without tears and blemishes and use as soon as possible.
  • Zucchini - also known as courgette. They are also referred to as vegetable marrows in the UK. Green or yellow in color with fine edible skin when young. They are harvested before they grow too large. When fresh they are also a source of Vitamin C.

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    • profile image

      aaa 4 months ago

      thank you

    • profile image

      JonnaBebs cubar 5 months ago

      The vegetable are great food

    • MelangeSpace1 profile image

      Melange Space 9 months ago from Trinidad & Tobago

      I honestly don't know why people don't like eating vegetables. They are so delicious and so great for you!

    • profile image

      ppyarali 20 months ago

      Looking for bitter vaggie,but I dont have english name

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio

      Great list of veggies. Very useful list of trying all sorts of veggies. Voted up!

    • profile image

      John 2 years ago

      Peas!!! (:

    • profile image

      yubaraj nath 2 years ago

      I did not find types of vegetable according to modern kitchen.

    • profile image

      janethdassun 2 years ago

      hi....i'm a vegetarian woman...

    • My Bell profile image

      Marcelle Bell 2 years ago

      What a great list! This is perfect to reference when you want to try a new veggie or need an idea on how to spruce up a recipe with some different veggies. I fell in love with vegetables when I became a vegetarian a few years ago. I didn't know then how much I was missing out - I crave them now!

    • profile image

      afra 3 years ago

      WOW ...itzz great

    • profile image

      Binod 3 years ago

      GREAT..THANKS, I LIKE YOUR POST VERY MUCH. PLEASE UPDATE OTHER INFORMATION TOO.

    • profile image

      layla 3 years ago

      I love the zucchini. I use a lot. It makes me feel so good

    • profile image

      Madhan from India 3 years ago

      Good, so nice to see..

    • profile image

      Anonymous 3 years ago

      dis helped vry much thx so much man luv u lots muah xx

    • profile image

      sunney 3 years ago

      This is fantastic .

    • profile image

      algein...and Junnel 3 years ago

      We love veggiesssss.... so much!

      so delicious..

      ;)

    • profile image

      STODOMINGO 3 years ago

      IT IS A GOOD TO OUR HEALTH

    • profile image

      rajan 3 years ago

      i love vegetable and i like it and my favourite vegetable wad broccoli

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 3 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      A very good list of vegetables. I found this to be very interesting. Well done and thank you!

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 3 years ago

      @MM Del Rosario thanks for this hub. Vegetables are vital to our health and our moods overall. Voted up, pinned, and shared !

    • Man of Strength profile image

      Man of Strength 3 years ago from Orlando, Fl

      Hi MM,

      This is a very useful hub. For anyone wanting to adapt a clean and wholesome diet should read this. Voted up all the way across.

    • vibesites profile image

      vibesites 3 years ago from United States

      This is a great guide to buying good quality vegetables, and of their nutritional value. Thanks for posting! Up, useful and shared.

    • profile image

      meann fuentes 3 years ago

      wow amazing

    • profile image

      nilofar 3 years ago

      thanks for ur lot

      of information about valuable veggie

    • profile image

      Jeahan Ali 4 years ago

      thanks for the list of vegetables...it helped me in my Agro 108 subj.:))

    • profile image

      Kathleen 4 years ago

      Broccoli rules!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      Karo 4 years ago

      I love vegetables but some of them are not available in my country. I try eating the ones which are available and I like them.

    • AnishG profile image

      AnishG 5 years ago from India

      Excellent list. Veggies are awesome. Great photos too!

    • profile image

      Jericko 5 years ago

      Some of them are new to me, thanks for this. Im just starting a backyard garden and i only have bitter gourd, bottle gourd, eggplant, tomato, sitaw, petchay and squash, aba madami na pala aqng naitanim. Hehe

    • profile image

      Ann Nonymous 5 years ago

      good good

    • profile image

      chef bhatt 5 years ago

      nice one

    • profile image

      tadasha pattanayak 5 years ago

      a good collection of veges..............

    • daviddwarren22 profile image

      daviddwarren22 5 years ago

      Thanks for the list. Great hub.

    • htodd profile image

      htodd 5 years ago from United States

      Great hub!

    • profile image

      jerline 6 years ago

      wow.............

    • askjanbrass profile image

      askjanbrass 6 years ago from St. Louis, MO

      As a lover of vegetables, I have to say this is one of the greatest lists I have ever seen. So much deliciousness in one place. Great job!

    • tonymac04 profile image

      Tony McGregor 6 years ago from South Africa

      Great Hub, MM! Ilove veggies and you haved presented them with such flair that others should also!

      Love and peace

      Tony

    • MM Del Rosario profile image
      Author

      MM Del Rosario 6 years ago from NSW, Australia

      thank you very much Ann, I always enjoy reading your comments. I have this hub for a while and I am just happy to published it....

    • Ann Nonymous profile image

      Ann Nonymous 6 years ago from Virginia

      This was fantastic! I am always blown away by your presentations and your unique take on every subject, Rosario! Rated it up!!!!

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