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Mango - The King of Fruits

Updated on September 5, 2014

The King of Fruits


The Mango, fruit of the mango tree, is a fleshy drupe, is about 6 in. (15.2 cm) long and has thick greenish to yellowish-red mottled skin, pale yellow to orange-red flesh, and a large seed which is edible when cooked.

This fruits are luscious, aromatic, and slightly acid. Comparable in importance to the apple of Europe and N America, they are a very important food source for millions of populace of the tropics.

The mangoes are round, oval or kidney-shaped, depending on the variety. These fruits are eaten fresh (green or mature), habitually as a dessert fruit, and are also cooked, dried, and canned. Its orange-yellow flesh is often mild-flavored like the peach, which has earned it the nickname "the peach of the tropics." Mangoes are used in chutneys, jellies, and jams.

Mango tree is raised by grafting and budding and to a lesser extent by seed. It is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

Photo Credit: Flickr

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Photo Credit: Wikipedia

Mango is the national fruit in three countries: India, Pakistan, and the Philippines.

About Mangoes

The mango is originated from south Asia, mainly Eastern India and Burma. It spread initially in to Malaysia, eastern Asia and then to eastern Africa. Mangos were brought in to Santa Barbara (California) in the year1880. At present, the mango exists in two races, one from India and the other from the Philippines.

The Indian variety is intolerant of humidity, has flushes of bright red new growth that are subject to mildew, and yields monoembryonic fruit of high color and normal form. The Philippine variety tolerates extra moisture, has pale green or red new growth and avoids mildew. Its polyembryonic fruit is pale green and lengthened kidney-shaped.

Mango is now cultivated in frost-free tropical and warmer subtropical climates; approximately half of the world's mangoes are produced in India alone. Even if India is cultivating largest amount of mangoes, it accounts for less than one percent of the international mango trade, consuming the largest part of its own output.

Mango trees make attractive landscape specimens and shade trees. They are upright and fast growing with enough heat and the canopy can be broad and rounded, or more upright, with a fairly slender crown. It is eventually a large tree, to 65 ft., but commonly half that size in California.

The tree is long-lasting with some specimens known to be over 300 years old and still fruiting. In deep soil the taproot goes down to a depth of 20 ft, and the plentiful, wide-spreading feeder roots also send down many anchor roots which go in for several feet.

Mango is also being cultivated in Andalusia, Spain, which is one of the few places in mainland Europe that allows growth of tropical plants and fruit trees. Many mango cultivars are easily cultivated using grafted saplings, ranging from the "turpentine mango".

The leaves are dark green above and soft below, commonly red while young. The center rib is pale and noticeable and lots of horizontal veins distinct. Full-grown leaves may be 4 to 12-1/2 in. long and 3/4 to 2 in. wide, and are normally borne in clusters divided by a length of exposed stem bearing no buds.

These bare stems mark following flushes of growth. All flush of growth will harden off to a dark green color prior to the next flush of growth begins.

The flowers are formed in terminal panicles 3.9-16 in. long; each flower is very small and white with five petals 0.20-0.39 in long, with a soft and sweet aroma suggestive of lily of the valley. The fruit takes three to six months to mature.


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Nutritional Information - (Per 3.5 oz/100g)


water = 82%

protein = 0.5 g

fat = 0.3 g

Carbohydrates = 17 g

calories = 65

Good source = potassium.

Contains: copper

Sources = vitamin "A & C"


Properties: Mango is not quite ripe is said to be laxative. Mango skin can cause allergic cutaneous reactions and irritate the skin and the mouth (on some persons).


World Wide Mango Production


Country Rroduction (Millions of Tones)

India 13.6

People's Republic of China 4.2

Thailand 2.5

Indonesia 2.2

Mexico 1.9

Pakistan 1.8

Brazil 1.2

World total 34.9


Alphonso Mangoes

Alphonso Mangoes in Box
Alphonso Mangoes in Box

Photo Credit: Flickr Under Creative Commons License

The Alphonso mango grown in the Konkan region and in Devgad in India is the most costly and these are measured the best among Alphonsos.

The Alphonso mango, named after Afonso De Albuquerque, a Portuguese explorer and military strategist who led many Portuguese invasions in the 1600s is grown in parts of India and is considered to be one of the best mangoes in the world.

De Albuquerque carried it with him on his many travels to Goa in India and it was eventually transplanted there in Porthugal. In Goa, the people called this mango "Aphoos" and in Maharashtra it became "Hapoos".

The good quality Alphonso mango is grown in the south part of Ratnagiri, the south northern regions of Sindhudurg and Pune region in Maharashtra. The southern regions of Valsad amd Navsari in Gujarat, and in the Amalsad region of India are also famous for Alphonso mango cultivation.

The Alphonso mango weighs approximately 10 ounces and is yellow in color with a pinkish tint. It is about five to six inches long, and is said to have a very adorable aroma and taste. This mango is often grown organically which also allows it to demand a greater price.

A typical Alphonso mango orchard will give enough income from the fifth year. After that a good profit can be made, rising every year as the tree produces more and more mangos. A five-year-old tree may yield 70 - 80 fruits but by the time an Alphonso mango tree arrives at thirty years old, it could be producing 2500 mangos each season.


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Mango Pickles

Mango Pickle
Mango Pickle

Mango Pickle Recipe

Mango is often eaten plain or used in fruit salads, cereals, ice creams, yogurts and sorbets. It is made into jam, coulis, marmalade, juice, jelly or compote. In some places like Asia and the Caribbean, it is consumed as a vegetable, when still immature (raw or cooked).

It can be used in soups and sauces. Completely ripe mango is tasty with poultry, ham, duck, fish and legumes. In India, green mango is a fundamental ingredient in conventional chutneys and pickles Here below you can learn mango pickle making. This pickle can be used immediately or it can be preserved for 15 to 20 days.

  • Cook time: 1 hour
  • Ready in: 1 hour
  • Yields: 20 persons

Ingredients

  • 1 kg - Raw Mangoes
  • 2 tsp - Red chilly powder
  • 1 tsp - Asafoetida
  • 1 tsp - Turmeric powder
  • 1 tsp - Mustard
  • 1 tsp - Methi (fenugreek)
  • 5 tbsp - Oil
  • Salt to taste

Instructions

  1. Heat the oil in a pan. Add mustard and wait for it splutters. Immediately add the mango cubes and turmeric powder. Cook for four to five minutes. Add chilly powder and stir well. Add asafoetida, methi (fenugreek) and salt. Stir well. Your pickle is ready.To Top ⇑

How to Cut a Mango - Vid

Photo Credit: Flickr Under Creative Commons License

After fully ripe, the mango may still be somewhat difficult to eat, as it is very juicy. Mango is best served either in long slices or in bite-sized cubes. They are still somewhat solid when ripe, and are also fibrous, self-possessed of many long thin fibers that simply get stuck in between the teeth.

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There is a clear taste difference between mangoes purchased in stores, in areas where they are not cultivated. Generally imported mangoes are picked unripe and allowed to ripen in transit. They do not reach the sugar levels, and that's why the sweetness is not up to the level, of a freshly picked mango. If you are visiting a country where mangoes grow, try them fresh, as they are far excellent to the supermarket mangoes.

Sweet and Sour Dry Mango Chutney - Vid

 

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What You Think About Mangoes?

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    • profile image

      mamata bhandari 3 years ago

      I love mangoes. When I was in india I used to eat mangoes to much.Eating. to much of mangoes cause stomach paining. I will say to much mangoes is not good. But, also I love mangoes. !!!!!!!!!

    • BrianRS profile image

      Brian Stephens 3 years ago from France

      Everyone must love mangoes especially when they are ripe and sweet. But I love them in a chutney as well, there is no chutney better than mango. Nice lens.

    • flinnie lm profile image

      Gloria Freeman 3 years ago from Alabama USA

      Each year I eat my share of mangos. Thanks for the recipes.

    • yayang0405 lm profile image

      yayang0405 lm 3 years ago

      I love mangoes. Thanks for sharing this information.

    • takkhisa profile image

      Takkhis 3 years ago

      Indeed it is the king of fruit! Like it very much. Thank you.

    • favored profile image

      Fay Favored 3 years ago from USA

      Haven't had too much experience with this fruit. I should try it more often. Appreciate the video and recipes.

    • suepogson profile image

      suepogson 4 years ago

      You are so right about fresh mangoes flavour wise - the supermarkets can't compete. Even if they are sold by supermarkets in the country of origin they have still lost so much of their sweetness (which turns to starch) by the time you buy them. Lovely lens - makes me miss the sweetness - I have trees but it's not the season right now.

    • profile image

      TanoCalvenoa 4 years ago

      @TanoCalvenoa: By the way, I appreciate the video about how to cut a mango. It's a better method than what I came up with.

    • profile image

      TanoCalvenoa 4 years ago

      Mangoes are one of my top five favorite fruits, I buy them when I can.

    • Chocolatealchemy profile image

      Chocolatealchemy 4 years ago from London, United Kingdom

      love mangoes, especially in smoothies!

    • LornsA178 profile image

      LornsA178 4 years ago

      I love mangoes! Yummy and sweet, I like eating them with my meal.

    • profile image

      halloweenprops 4 years ago

      Now I am hungry for a mango and I don't have any right now.

    • VspaBotanicals profile image

      VspaBotanicals 5 years ago

      Absolutely true. I love them when I eat them and when I apply them to my face for a wonderful skin treatment.

    • ggpalms lm profile image

      ggpalms lm 5 years ago

      Enjoyed reading your lens. Awesome video. I love mango chutney!

    • norma-holt profile image

      norma-holt 5 years ago

      Love this fruit and will have one now as you have made my mouth water and I have one in the fruit bowl. Featured on Blessed by Skiesgreen 2012-2. Hugs

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      I love and adore mangoes, there is no other fruit as delicious and sweet as a ripe mango. I call it the "King of fruits".

    • WriterJanis2 profile image

      WriterJanis2 5 years ago

      Never knew there were mango pickles.

    • LadiiWallk profile image

      LadiiWallk 5 years ago

      love mangoes!

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      I love mango.

    • TaraWojt profile image

      Tara Wojtaszek 5 years ago

      I just love mangoes! Thanks for the great mango information, I'll have to try that mango pickle recipe.

    • lollyj lm profile image

      Laurel Johnson 5 years ago from Washington KS

      I've never eaten a mango, but have drank it in fruit juices.Fascinating lens, very well done.

    • profile image

      jarvim 5 years ago

      Mangoes are really good !

    • OrlandoTipster profile image

      OrlandoTipster 5 years ago

      I just had some Mango Shorbut ice cream

    • digitaltree profile image

      digitaltree 5 years ago

      I like mango juice, great Lens.

    • FallenAngel 483 profile image

      FallenAngel 483 5 years ago

      I love Mangoes. I wish I could grow them but it's too cold where I live. Great info on this lovely fruit, thanks.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      I have a turpentine mango tree. Mangoes are falling approximately 20 a day from this tree. I have given several away. I want too know how to use these types of mangoes in recipes. I've looked on the Internet but they are specifying the other mangoes you can slice. You can't slice these! They are juicy and very good. Please give me suggestions on how I can keep them as long as possible.

    • sukkran trichy profile image
      Author

      sukkran trichy 5 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      @anonymous: dear jewel. this is a rare variety in our country it is familiar for a soft, pulpy flesh texture. these type of mangoes are widely used in food processing, usually unripe mangoes are used in pickles and chutneys. i think you can use your turpentine mangoes to make juices, smoothies, ice cream, etc. etc. thanks for writing.

    • profile image

      DecoratingMom411 5 years ago

      I absolutely love mangoes. I haven't heard of mango pickles though, I'll give it a try.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      I see this mouth watering delight has the new wood theme which is perfect, it looks like the mangos are brought to you in a wooded crate. I was here over a year ago and remember learning so much, especially how to properly cut a mango...will have to put one on my grocery list!

    • justDawn1 profile image

      justDawn1 5 years ago

      WOW! I've never heard of Mango Pickles! May have to give it a try! Sounds intriguing !

    • Camden1 profile image

      Camden1 5 years ago

      My kids love mangoes, but they've never had a fresh one off the tree.

    • mel-kav profile image

      mel-kav 5 years ago

      I love mangos! I've been spoiled by mangos fresh off the tree - I can't find nice fresh ripe ones in the grocery stores!

    • CNelson01 profile image

      Chuck Nelson 5 years ago from California

      Mangos are my favorite fruit by far!

    • thingz1 profile image

      thingz1 5 years ago

      There's nothing better than a sweet, ripe yellow mango.

    • profile image

      natural_treatments_for_diabetes 5 years ago

      love mango

    • Adriana Daniela profile image

      Adriana 5 years ago from New Market

      I LOVE mangoes! Wish I lived in a country where they grew naturally: I could love for weeks on just mango!

    • GabStar profile image

      GabStar 5 years ago

      We love mangoes so much we have a tree!

    • profile image

      AnimalHouse 5 years ago

      I love mangoes. They're sweet an refreshing fruits, perfect for summer.

    • Darla Dixon profile image

      Darla Dixon 5 years ago

      Thank you, the video has been really helpful. I bought 2 mangoes today and I didn't have any idea how to prepare them. Thank you.

    • srsddn lm profile image

      srsddn lm 5 years ago

      Very well done lens. I enjoy eating mangoes specially in the seasons. The best part is that one gets many varieties one after the other for a number of months.

    • queenofduvetcover profile image

      queenofduvetcover 5 years ago

      I love eating mango's! Very informative lens =)

    • jethrosas profile image

      Jethro 5 years ago from Philippines

      I love eating mangoes as dessert. Love this fruit very much! :)

    • artbyrodriguez profile image

      Beverly Rodriguez 5 years ago from Albany New York

      I was introduced to mangos through my husband, and have enjoyed them ever since.Plus, I've been cutting my mango right!

    • profile image

      BEDDING-SETS 5 years ago

      Mango is one of our favorites fruits, when we can get it.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      I love mangoes. You have a great lens, looking for new recipes.

    • profile image

      scss 5 years ago

      Well, mangoes and bananas are my favourite fruits... oh, and rock melon, and honeydew, .... and I like grapes, love mandarins... oh dear, I guess the mango will just have to be content with being one of my favorites! I'm lucky that in Australia I get to have an abundance of affordable luxury fruits like these

    • mihgasper profile image

      Miha Gasper 6 years ago from Ljubljana, Slovenia, EU

      You made great tribute to king of the fruits. But wait! That means banana a queen? Thumbs up!

    • gamecheathub profile image

      gamecheathub 6 years ago

      Nothing beats a delicious Mango on a hot summer day. My favorite part of this lens is the country breakdown of who produces the most. Really informative lens!

    • profile image

      hamshi5433 6 years ago

      I love Sri-Lankan mangoes are so yummy and smells delicious as well. there's one called `vilat` or something that one is my most favourite mango type ever.

    • bames24 lm profile image

      bames24 lm 6 years ago

      I love mangoes... in the Philippines while I was living there, I remember eating raw green mangoes sprinkled with salt and some of the native "bagoong"... I love ripe mangoes too :)

    • CruiseReady profile image

      CruiseReady 6 years ago from East Central Florida

      I really like them! And I love for my overweight hubby to eat them because they are good for what ails him. (diabetes, for one thing)

    • profile image

      elsiehui 6 years ago

      Mangos are good, but watermelon is better! :) Great Lens! Guess what? Watermelons are in season now!

    • profile image

      miaponzo 6 years ago

      I never had a mango until I came to Kuwait, but I LOVE LOVE LOVE Them now!!!

    • auntjennie profile image

      Jen 6 years ago from Canada

      I hate to admit this I've never eaten a mango before unless in juice. I think I will have to pick some up next time at the grocery store.

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      I love mangoes but don't get them often enough because of the cost. I certainly learned a lot about cutting them properly and how easy! My mouth was watering all the way through the video! Nicely done! You will have the world wanting mangoes for sure.

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Terrific lens! the first time I've tasted mango, its like heaven in my mouth! Thanks so much for sharing this lens!

    • Bercton1 profile image

      Bercton1 6 years ago

      It one of my favourite fruit..very creative lens

    • Harshitha LM profile image

      Harshitha LM 6 years ago

      King of fruits Mango is my favorite too..

    • akumar46 lm profile image

      akumar46 lm 6 years ago

      Mango is my favorite fruit.I love mango.Nice lens on mango.

    • sukkran trichy profile image
      Author

      sukkran trichy 6 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      @anonymous: thank you my friend. corrected the typo.

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Awesome lens about mango.. my friend :) I love mango as my favorite fruit all the time. 5 stars for your hard work here. Have a wonderful time.. my friend :)PS: Feel you've to check out about the question of the poll.. Do You Love Monges?I think you mean .. Do You Love Mangoes?

    • profile image

      masunyoananda 6 years ago

      I love mangoes....there's another recipe of green mangoes we make here in Mauritius...we call it 'kutcha'...same spices as pickles........great lens...thanks for sharing.............