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Humans Were Not Created To Eat Meat - Vegetarian Diet Is Healthier

Updated on August 18, 2015

Why Be a Vegetarian

There are many reasons why you should have a more vegetarian diet, to include reducing animal cruelty, helping the environment, decreasing world hunger, protecting worker's rights, and bettering your health.

  • Animals in meat factories have no legal protection. They can be beat and abused to no end (mutilated, genetic manipulation, and neglect), and there's nothing that anyone can do about it.
  • The United State's meat production poisons and depletes ware, land, and air. Animal agriculture causes 130 times more waste than the human population does by polluting the land, water, and air.
  • Raising animals for food is inefficient because it takes up more supplies and resources, and costs more. By growing crops, we could easily feed every human on the planet with healthy foods, causing less pollution and for cheaper.
  • Working in animal agriculture is one of the most dangerous jobs, and the overall industry has refused to create safe working conditions by supplying workers with safety equipment and slowing own the slaughter lines all because it'll cut into profits.
  • By removing meat from your diet, or at least strongly reducing the amount of meat that you eat, you can potentially raise your immune system and protect your body against heart disease, diabetes, obesity, stroke, and many types of cancer. 

Plus, humans were never built to eat meat. We were not designed for it, we have evolved enough to be able to digest meat.

We're Conditioned to Eat Meat

As studies have proven, we're just not meant to eat meat, but humans still hunt, kill, and eat meat. We still raise livestock to kill and serve on the dinner table. We're just conditioned to do it.

For most of human history, we have lived off of a vegetarian or lacto-ovo vegetarian diet, which means a there is a lack of all beef, lamb, pork, poultry, fish, shellfish, or animal flesh in the diet, but dairy and eggs are a part of the diet.

Some believe that humans are supposed to be omnivores, but if you consider the characteristics of an omnivore, they will more closely resemble those of a carnivore than a herbivore, and humans will still have more characteristics that closely resemble a herbivore.

When people eat meat, it decays within about 4 hours, but the remnants hang around and cling to the walls of the stomach and intestines for 3 to 4 days if not longer. Because our saliva is alkaline, it does not break down the meat as it should, which is why it lingers in our digestive tract a little longer.

If you look at true meat eaters, like lions and tigers, they kill their prey and tear directly into the stomach where the blood filled organs are. They need the nutrients from the stomach, liver, and intestines. When we cook raw meat, we are cooking out a lot of the necessary nutrients that true meat eaters need to survive, so if we were meant to eat meat, we would eat it raw and bloody.

Even carnivores who run across prey that has been burned in a fire don't eat their meat cooked.

Humans have adapted their bodies and digestive systems to eat and digest meat.

Compare Characteristics of Carnivores, Herbivores, and Humans

Meat Eaters
Have claws
No claws
No Claws
Skin Pores
Have no skin pores and prespire through the tongue
Prespire through skin pores
Prespire through skin pores
Intestinal Tract
Have an intestinal tract that is only 3 times their body length so that rapidly decaying meat can pass through faster
Have an instestinal tract that is 10 to 12 times their body length
Have an instestinal tract that is 10 to 12 times their body length
Intestinal Shape
Have bowels that are smooth and shaped like a pipe, so that meat passes through quickly
Have bowels that are bumpy and pouch-like with lots of pockets so that plant matter can pass through slowly for optimal nutrient absorption
Have bowels that are bumpy and pouch-like with lots of pockets so that plant matter can pass through slowly for optimal nutrient absorption
Stomach Acid
Have strong hydrochloric acid in the stomach to digest meat
Have stomach acid that is 20 times weaker than that of a meat eater
Have stomach acid that is 20 times weaker than that of a meat eater
Salivary Glands
Have salivary glands in the mouth that aren't needed to pre-digest grains and fruits.
Have well-developed salivary glands that are needed to pre-digest grains and fruits
Have well-developed salivary glands that are needed to pre-digest grains and fruits
Have acidic saliva without the enzyme ptyalin to pre-digest grains
Have alkaline saliva with the ptyalin ezyme to pre-digest grains
Have alkaline saliva with the ptyalin ezyme to pre-digest grains
Have sharp front teeth to pull meat off the bone, and do not have flat molars for chewing; canine teeth are lower than the other teeth and used for attacking; teeth are also jagged and interlocking to hold onto prey
Have flat front teeth not built for pulling meat off the bone; and have flat molars for chewing; canine teeth fairly align with the rest of the teeth so not designed for attacking prey; teeth are fitted closely together
Have flat front teeth not built for pulling meat off the bone; and have flat molars for chewing; canine teeth fairly align with the rest of the teeth so not designed for attacking prey; teeth are fitted closely together
Have jaws that move only in an up and down motion; also have jaws that project forward from the face in order to best hold onto prey
Have jaws that can move backward and foward, up and down, and side to side, which is ideal to grind grains; jaw is set close to the face
Have jaws that can move backward and foward, up and down, and side to side, which is ideal to grind grains; jaw is set close to the face

Looking at the characteristics of the herbivore and a human, we closely resemble the herbivore.

Eating Meat is Bad for Human Health

People who do not eat meat or have a highly reduced meat diet, live longer, have lower cancer rates, and have higher IQs.

Men who eat red meat (even leave red meat) 4 to 5 times a week will have 4 times the risk of developing colon cancer than men who only eat meat as a main meal once a month, or less. It's thought that when red meat is cooked, carcinogens are created which may cause the increased risk of colon cancer.

But, even chicken, lamb, pork, turkey, quail, fish, eggs, sausages, mince, and beef are all highly acidic when digested. Diets that are rich in acidic forming foods has been proven to increase risks of illnesses and disease because the high acidity causes an accumulation of debris and mucous in the colon, which reduced the immune system's ability to eliminate toxins from the body.

Because the human digestive tract is not built to properly digest food, it takes the body longer to digest the meat than it will fruits, vegetables, and fiber, which means the food sits in the body longer, creating fats. You'll find that people that have big bellies, other than pregnant women, generally have a swollen bowel. If they tense up their abdomen, there's usually going to be about 1 to 2 inches of fat, and the rest intestines.

And because the structure of meat protein is more complex than other sources of protein, such as from fiber and plants, it puts more strain on the liver, which causes half digested protein molecules to enter the bloodstream and wreak havoc on the body.

Vegetable proteins are much easier for the human body to digest so they do not toxify the body the same way. Humans can survive on a vegetarian diet because the proteins that one can absorb from vegetable proteins are much more concentrated, so you don't have to eat as much of it in order to get the same amount of protein that you would from meat, and it's easier for the body to digest.

High Protein Foods

Food Protein by Concentration (percent measured by weight)
Soy beans, kidney beans, chick peas, lentils, etc.
10% to 35%
Almonds, walnuts, cashews, hazel nuts, pine nuts, etc.
14% to 30%
Tofu (from soya)
Pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, etc.
18% to 24%
Gluten (from flour)

Healthy Vegetarian Diet

If you're thinking about becoming a vegetarian for any reason, you'll want to make sure that you can keep a healthy diet.

It's important that you keep a well balanced diet, that includes dark leafy greens, varied vegetables, plenty of fruits, and of course vitamins and minerals. You want to eat products that have proteins in them to help supplement your diet; eat tofu, soy, nuts, and texturized vegetable proteins (soy meat). These will have less fats and fewer calories, which is healthier for you.

Depending on what type of vegetarian you want to be, you may be cutting out eggs and dairy. You may want to find a substitute, which can include the following.

  • Milk- Fortified soymilk, rice milk, or almond mill
  • Butter- Olive oil, water, vegetable broth, wine or fat-free cooking spray for sauteing, but canola oil when baking
  • Cheese- Soy cheese or nutritional yeast flakes
  • Eggs- Commercial egg replacers are good for baked goods, or to replace one egg, you can mix 1/4 cup whipped tofu or 1 tablespoon of milled flaxseed with 3 tablespoons of water

When it comes to your vitamins and minerals, you'll want to make sure that you get plenty of calcium for strong bones and muscles; vitamin B12 to produce red blood cells and prevent anemia; iron for red blood cells; and zinc which is an essential component of many enzymes and to aid cell division and in the formation of proteins.

You can get the vitamins you need by the following alternatives:

  • Calcium- Low-fat dairy foods and dark green vegetables (spinach, turnip and collard greens, kale, and broccoli); tofu enriched with calcium; fortified soy milk; fruit juices
  • Vitamin B12- Almost exclusive to animal products like milk, eggs and cheese; but you can use enriched cereals, fortified soy products, and/or a supplement as an alternative
  • Iron- Dried beans and peas, lentils, enriched cereals, whole-grain products, dark leafy green vegetables, and dried fruit; eat foods rich in Vitamin C (strawberries, citrus fruits, tomatoes, cabbage, and broccoli) in order to help absorb the iron from non-animal products
  • Zinc- Whole grains, soy products, nuts, and wheat germ.

Vegetarian Food Pyramid


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    • Marquis profile image


      8 years ago from Ann Arbor, MI

      Humans eat meat.

      Always have and always will.

    • carozy profile image


      8 years ago from San Francisco

      Dr. McDougall's patients do better on a vegan diet than on a meaty diet. The reason is the animal products clog their arteries and give them heart disease. That is why I think this article is right on.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Meat makes me ill for many reasons.

    • profile image

      Andy Valdez 

      8 years ago

      I'm sorry, could I get your full list of scholarly articles that prove humans were not created to eat meat? All you mention is that at minimum so we stop animal cruelty. How is that proof that we were not made to eat meat?!

    • profile image

      Kailash Menon 

      9 years ago

      apes are veggies and hairy, humans ...well eh!...there are still some of us who look like apes..maybe their ancestors took time to accept the change that was needed ....sure did save a lot of money of the women from bathing in hair removal lotions....

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      I am a biology student at uni, and I can tell you that most of this is crap, especially the table comparing carnivores, herbivores and humans. Confirmation bias much? But seriously, don't listen to this person. They're full of shit. Evidently their neural growth was stunted by insufficient meat intake as a young child. Sorry about the lack of amino acids that led to your stupidity :(

    • profile image

      The Dude 

      9 years ago

      This article is REAAAAALLY bad science. And if people here aren't smart enough to know why, then they aren't smart enough to grasp an explanation as to why. U find bad pseudo-science like this in other areas. I liken this article to a Christian apologist trying to convince us the grand canyon was carved out in one gigantic flood. They take scientific principles, and twist them to mean what they want it to mean. Stomach acid in humans is "20 times weaker than meat eaters." How do you know? Where do u get that fact? How do you know that the stomach acid of every meat eating animal is the same strength and ours just happens to be weaker? This is bad bad science, bad logic, leading to a laughable conclusion. Humans are the evolved, modern animals we are today precisely BECAUSE we ate meat. I accidentally came across this article. But I felt the need to post. Whoever wrote this dribble is doing humanity a disservice.

    • HarperDavis profile image


      9 years ago from Midwest

      Nice article. I too believe while our bodies can handle meat we weren't necessarily created, evolved, whatever word you want to use to consume it. I'm not a nutritionist by any means, but after having a significant portion of my intestines removed, going vegetarian was the only thing that made me feel better four years after my illness.

    • profile image

      Ashamed with the the World 

      9 years ago

      Wow, no offense but you are stupid if you think humans aren't made to eat meat. Go back and read the first chapter in Genesis of the Bible. God gave us animals for food. Meat is an important protein we need to survive. Yeah, treatment of animals raised for slaughter is sometimes (but not always1) cruel, and they could be treated more humanely and (some of them) not pumped up on so much steroids, but just because of that reason people shouldn't stop eating meat. We are humans. We are omnivores. We were made to eat meat. Seriously, whoever did these so called "studies" to show humans weren't made to eat meat, they need to go right back to school and learn the truth.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      I am a nutritionist, a vegan and very healthy. I have extensively studied the human body via nutrition, digestive disorders and comparisons of other animals to humans in regards to diet. This article is actually right on. The comments from some individuals I am confident do not have the education to back up their statements...only the denial which allows them to continue a poor diet consisting of meats. Many people enjoy meats so much they are willing to lie to themselves and pretend they know what they are saying is true.

    • Ramsa1 profile image


      9 years ago from A citizen of the World

      Thanks for this great hub. I eat very little meat, mainly chicken, and I'm working on cutting back even more.

      I'm aware of the horrible ways animals, including chicken, are treated before they reach our tables.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      With grains and legumes being much harder on the human digestive tract than meat, saying that they are better sources of protein simply isn't true. Obviously eating raw meat is a bad idea, but have you ever tried eating raw grains or legumes? It can't be done. Humans don't have the digestive tract of birds. Plant sources don't offer b12 that is bioavailable to humans. Algea and other plant sources contain b12 analogues, not actual b12. Eating meat is what sparked human evolution. Not eating it is actually like going backwards.

    • profile image

      War Bevo 

      9 years ago

      If this is the case, please tell me why gluten is harder on the human body that ANY other non toxic substance. Every single person is at least gluten sensitive, if not completely intolerant to its effects on the human body. If everyone followed your food pyramid, a majority of people would have adverse side effects.

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      I think you have it backwards--humans were created to eat meat and then our physical traits evolved as our brains evolved. Basically, because our teeth have canines and you believe we weren't created to eat meat then you're saying we evolved to eat it. Which seems more likely? There's really no argument whether humans are supposed to eat meat.

    • Harmander S. Maan profile image

      Harmander S. Maan 

      10 years ago

      John Holden, well said.

    • tebo profile image


      10 years ago from New Zealand

      You sure ruffled a few feathers with this hub but I loved it. I remember reading some of those characteristics of digestive systems when I first went vegetarian some 20 plus years ago so I could argue with my father who didn't expect me to survive very long. Aside from not wanting to eat animals, meat has so many additives these days such as hormones that people cannot be sure what they are eating.

    • greentidings profile image


      10 years ago from

      Interesting article. Did you know that chlorella contains 3 times MORE B12 than animal liver (the supposed "highest source" of B12)?

    • lozncaz profile image


      10 years ago

      full of great info. hopefully some meat eaters will bother to read this and better their health and compassion.

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from Georgia

      That's definitely what I'm trying to get at. We evolved to meat eaters, but we were not initially created as such.

    • Marisa Wright profile image

      Kate Swanson 

      10 years ago from Sydney

      Whitney, I think the problem is that humans weren't suddenly 'created' - we evolved from something else, and you could argue that evolving/adapting to eating meat was just part of the same continuum.

      What do you say to the contention that without the introduction of meat, our brains wouldn't have been able to evolve to where they are now?

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from Georgia

      We can get B12 from other sources than just meat. Sources of B12 include: yeast, algea and sea plants, bacteria, fungi.

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      We weren't? Oh, really. Then do tell me why we can't absorb B12 from non-animal sources?

      Vegans like to ignore that one.

    • Craan profile image

      Sheila Craan 

      10 years ago from Florida

      Great Hub! I tried a vegetarian diet and it did not work for me because I started feeling very weak. After reading your hub, I am going to give it another try. Hopefully I be successful following your vegetarion guide. Thanks

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from Georgia

      No need to get rude. Adaption and origin are still very different. I have clearly stated that we have ADAPTED to eat meat, but we were never BUILT to eat it.

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      I'd just like to point out that we were not created at all. Saying that we were created to do something over something else is begging the question.

      By the same logic lets say this instead:

      "Humans were not created to drive cars, not driving cars is healthier."

      What we were meant to do is irrelevant, and I find your comment about most of human history people living off mostly vegetarian diets laughable.

      That implies the earth has always had the same climate throughout our species, its not always been feasible for us to stick to a single diet for this reason, we would not have survived if we did not have the ability to adapt to what we eat. For this reason alone being omnivorous is a positive thing from an evolutionary stand point.

      Not to mention you are basically ignoring all our non-human ancestors and you'd be hard pressed to convince me that THEY didn't eat meat.

      But back to the main issue at hand, what we're meant to do is pretty much a moot point, I could point to thousands of things we're not meant to do but we still do it, could I say we're conditioned to live in houses too? ha.

      Even if for the sake of argument what you said about us being vegetarians for most of our species history was true (it isn't), so what?

      Species adapt, get used to it.

    • John Holden profile image

      John Holden 

      11 years ago

      Cranberry girl, 'tis true Native Americans ate flesh, but they also ate roots, fruits, berries and grains. They also did not spend their lives behind a desk or keeping a house filled with labour saving devices and nor did they jump in the SUV to go hunting.

      We are not designed for hunting, most of our possible prey can out run us and there is little that we can catch and kill without the aid of tools. If you don't believe me try to run a harmless rabbit down and kill and butcher it with your hands and teeth.

      Have you ever wonder why your country has so much obesity? Do you think that level of obesity would be possible without meat?

      I'm fairly confident that early man was omnivorous but would eat meat rarely and by rarely I don't mean only one 18oz steak a day.

      Hunting would be a high risk strategy, don't forget the lion, the ultimate hunting machine is in serious trouble if they fail to kill, they might use all their reserves of energy on a failed hunt and, being wholly carnivorous, have no means or replenishing energy supplies, no digging roots or collecting berries.

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      Look face it meat taste good that why we eat iT. this is just you trying to tell people what to think and do .as do most converted minority groups .this is done because of some complex issues that they have .if you stopped the world eating meat what would you do with all the animals?let them go? Kill them? Neuter them ? Let's take this to it conclusion .we all become vegetarian animals will evolve into something like us because there is a gap in the food chain find out we taste good and humans will be farmed for food ! Is that what you want cos that's what will happen!

    • profile image

      Cranberry girl 

      11 years ago

      I find some of the vegetarians comments immature. They insist that meat is bad hmmmph! like an angry jealous child. Grilled steak with vegetables and potatoes are great. So is fish...YUM YUM! A vegetarian said"if you had to butcher you're own animals you'd be repulsed" Well, about 200 years ago the settlers did butcher their own fish, deer, buffalo and other domesticated and wild animal. North America had an extreme abundance of quality fish, game and wildlife which the early settlers (and NATIVE AMERICAN INDIANS) ate with thanksgiving. They were healthy and vigorous. Native Americans ate pemmican (dried beef and buffalo rubbed with dried berries and herb) they fished and hunted, they also grew corn, squash and beans. Bravo meat! Bravo those healthy Native Americans!

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      im gonna eat meat even more now, its good for the heart, and dude, ur statement about hunans not eating meat is bull, if we wernt ment to eat meat, we would vomite it up if eaten.

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      meat is good for u humans are meant to eat meat i think that vegetarians are just stupid it is the way of life animals eat over animals where animals so why not eat meat.

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      This discussion is partly interesting, a few good points made here and there. I am shocked, however, at how terribly most of you use language to communicate. I've known for some time that the end of communication through the written word is near, but this one thread alone really proves me right.

      I think everyone needs to put the youtube down, and turn on a book - do some reading, experience language visually and you'll have a better understanding of what it means to communicate effectively and creatively with words on a page.

      I'm not insulting anyone: you're all victims of our shallow and largely negative modern culture (by negative what I mean is that the trends of our modern life do little good and serve primarily to detract from the best qualities of human culture).

      Having said that: I think a diet which is at least 80% plants is best. Eating more than 20% as animal-derived products would only be acceptable if you were a farmer, or lived in the wild and hunted for your food. How the body deals with the food it's given has a LOT to do with how much or little exercise it is being given.

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      Hi...I really enjoyed reading your article. I've stopped eating meat for about 12 weeks now, and all due to my dog's death. I just cannot stand the smell or the thought of eating meat because it brings back memories of my dog and that's just wrong. I do still eat fish though, and eggs. I do not miss meat at all, and it's made me realise that you can live without eating meat and that maybe your statement is right - human were not made to eat meat. I feel much more alive, wanting to do things, I've gone back to doing exercise as well. I just hate thinking of the cruelty that the animals are going through just so we can satisfie ourselves. I also work at McDonalds, and I find that there's not much choice for Vegetarians and that's not good because they're not trying to encourage more people to become veg's or to give them an option to try something different. I just think, at the end of the day, it's the society that we live in and how we've been brought up that eating meat is right. Well, we eat animals now...don't know the future but we'll probably end up eating human when there's no more supplies if humans keep doing what they've been doing for thousands of years.

      PetLover 10

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      As one before mentioned Biblically, God set man up in a vegetable garden not in the middle of a herd of animals to eat. And then, He declared "of all the trees and vegetation of seeding bearing herb you shall eat". He designed our bodies to be fed directly from the earth to maintain the sources of nutrients and mineral traces that we need to keep our bodies going as a continually balanced being. If you want to think you come from a lesser form of life that ate flesh meats and scum of the earth then you will think that is where you should resore it from. But, science and nutritionists are slowly catching on to where the body is sustained from and where is our best health restored and maintained. All animals live a very short lifespan in comparison with Human life...Guess why?...they harbor bacteria and germs that contaminate their bodies. Shellfish and bottom dwellers of the oceans contain high levels of mercury which interferes with glandular function. The oyster contains naturally the "polio" virus a crippling disease, naturally. Since these, and all scavenger animals were meant to cleanup the garbage and feces of the oceans and seas, that is why they were put way down there out of our natural reach. Have you never heard of someone dying from just having eaten raw seafood before??? This happens all the time and such signs at buffets of restaurants that say" Can be hazardous to your health eat at your own risk". This includes lobster, crayfish, crabs and such as man has convinced himself into selling with the idea it is a delicacy to consume such garbage dwelling critters. That's why they bait their traps to catch them with dead rotting animals to entice them for the catch. Then man has made himself to think by doing this is to do something exotic to eat that which is slowly killing him. Why do you think as a people population at large we are not healthy and doctors offices are plenty and full of people with symptoms they cannot cure and only coverup with drugs?... masking the real problems we inflict on ourselves with our diet. And yes, doctors are business men and will not only have your interests in mind but their own financial picture involved too. Because, as long as they have you coming through their doors they have financial gain, time and time again. A cured patient isn't a repeat customer!

      "Evolved" no "diminished" man did not eat flesh meats until after the flood of Noah when all vegetation was gone from the washing of the earth. When he return off the waters the earth was barren and all that was left that had life sustaining essence were animals, ntil the first crops could be cultivated. That is when flesh became part of a man's diet. It was then that man's lifespan also was diminished unto 120 years expectancy from the great years of Muthusaleh. Of which the age of which we today hardly if ever reach as a population. We are not to be considered old or middleaged at 40 years. Something went terribly wrong.

      God created perfectly good wholefoods that contain aids within for digestion too. Fiber, natural enzymes, and nutrients which balance and enhance each other. (more later)

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      Just to make you think... isn't amazing we rave over the carcasses of dead animals, and defend ourselves, when it is foreign from the original design of our bodies. Flesh takes 3 times as long to digest in your system as does vegetation of which was the original design of man's body. It is a foreign thing to the body when flesh meats are introduce into the system. That is why it takes so long for your body to handle such a load. And then, where does these animals from which we drive a little nutrients get there nutrition and well being??? The vegetation of the earth!!! So just cut ou tthe middle man and go sttaight to the source is the wisest thing without introducing all the foreign bacteria and germs animals harbor in their systems...

    • parrster profile image

      Richard Parr 

      11 years ago from Australia

      Personally, I think the problem is not so-much that people eat meat, but that our advances in technology have allowed us to take something that was once considered a luxury (meat as part of a meal), and make it a staple. In the past, before mechanisation made it so easy, growing, tending, slaughtering, storing, and preparing meat for a meal was expensive and time consuming. People ate it sporadically and in very small portions. Today we can eat it by the kilo every day if wanted to.

      The same can be said for many once luxury foods that have made their way into staples. Too much of a good thing can kill you, as the saying goes.

      We need to learn from our grandparents and return to an age of moderation. The staples should be fruit, veggies, grains, nuts and legumes. Meat and animal products should be eaten in small but appreciated amounts in only one or two meals a week.

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Georgia

      We evolved... I mentioned this several times throughout the hub. We weren't created to do so but we evolved to.

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      I think this article is a little on the soft side. If humans are "not meant" to eat meat, then why is it not possible to survive on a vegan diet without eating artificial food substitutes? If we are "not supposed" to drink milk, why do we produce the enzyme lactase, which has no function other than to break down lactose into glucose and galactose?

    • Obscurely Diverse profile image

      Obscurely Diverse 

      11 years ago from Tennessee, U.S., Earth, Milky Way via Cosmos

      This is interesting and debatable. People living in the far northern regions of the globe might have to depend more on fish & sea food, since you can't always grow vegetables in Alaska, for example. I may do some more research on the caveman diet for a future post. This was a good, contrasting hub to what many believe. I still like meat, though. ;)

    • 50 Caliber profile image

      50 Caliber 

      11 years ago from Arizona

      Vegetables are not food, food eats vegetables..... I never heard of a "sacrificial turnip". You left out the "eye set" that determines fight or flight animals. Humans were equipped by God with forward mounted eyes for fight or hunting as apposed to wide set eyes for detecting threats for flight.

      I eat meat and I like it.

    • Wealthmadehealthy profile image


      11 years ago from Somewhere in the Lone Star State

      Reading Genesis, man lived in a garden before the great sin, and ate vegetables, there is no mention of killing animals to eat. It was only after the fall, we began to eat meat.

      Healthwise, a diet high in the fiber from fresh vegetables and fruits will keep your system operating more effectively than if you eat a lot of meat, which does not digest fully at all and people who have died have been found to have a ton of undigested meat in their intestines....It is difficult to change your eating habits if you have been a "meat eater" all of your life and sometimes risky also if you do not know how to do it properly. I know this, for I changed my diet a long time ago as I discovered that eating like a rabbit is a lot better for you. The constipation rate is totally gone and I feel like a million dollars all the time.

      Also, in the Bible, God tells us we are not to point out to anyone that what they eat is wrong, as He allowed meats to be eaten of all types. Some of you may view this as negotiable, but I did read this. Being a vegetarian or for the most part if you can a veggie eater will guarantee a happier, healther, longer life....Hey, look at all those people in China and Japan! They all eat veggies and have a lengthier life than we in the US....some food for thought.

    • ratnaveera profile image


      11 years ago from Cumbum

      What a Great Informative Hub this is! You have explained a great Universal truth. I always love vegetables as they are responsible for our good health! Thank you very much for this great service! I will bookmark your this Hub!

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 

      11 years ago from New Delhi, India

      But afterall we are eating cooked meat and the above specifications that distinguish factors of omnivores, carnivories, and humans is meant for raw meat. I am a nonvegetarian by nature and I want to be like that because I love it but reading other portions of your hub has modified my thinking. I will do more research and then come up with some better opinion on that. Right now, I will have my favorite Chicken Afghani as my evening meal. Great hub with great pics, demos, diagrams and content to support your answer. Best of luck for more Whitney.

    • greg austin profile image

      greg austin 

      11 years ago from Canada

      Extremely interesting hub. However, surely there are some slight differences b/n herbivores and humans. Good work.

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      What a great article. I have read and re-read a lot of similar articles like this but not one of them explained the things the way you have done.

      What do you think about Fish ?

    • profile image

      gifty asare 

      11 years ago

      this is interesting, i eat meat but i must have a rethinking now,good well written article.

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Georgia

      livelonger, and I didn't even tell people that they had to be vegetarians or anything. Just gave evidence how our bodies were not meant to eat meat.

      Marquis, we have teeth because we still need to eat. I don't believe I ever posted my opinion in the hubu itself, just evidence how research show we're really not meant to eat meat but have evolved to do so.

    • Marquis profile image


      11 years ago from Ann Arbor, MI

      Humans have teeth why?

      I really do not need to go further with this because it is funny. Your opinion is yours alone. I will stick to my fish and protein diet. And on Sundays, I will have some roast beef with a side of warm carrots with butter topped off with mash potatoes with parsley.

    • Shil1978 profile image


      11 years ago

      Good hub!! I don't know whether humans were created to eat meat or not, but I do eat meat (primarily white meat).

      From what I've read, it is the red meat that is the particularly harmful type of meat. I don't think seafood and chicken are anyway as harmful!!

    • livelonger profile image

      Jason Menayan 

      11 years ago from San Francisco

      This is a great topic, and as you've seen, for some reason a lightning rod for some people. For the record, I'm a vegetarian but not for ethical/religious reasons (I just don't like the taste of meat at all).

      I didn't know that our digestive system much more strongly resembles that of an herbivore--that was interesting. I wonder if we evolved to eat a primarily plant diet after the advent of agriculture.

      But I do agree that, even if it's not healthier than a meat-based diet, a vegetarian diet is healthy and complete and after 18 years of eating no meat, I'm living proof. :)

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Georgia

      edzee, dogs are not vegetarians. They are not healthy when fed on a sole vegetarian diet. They actually require very little produce in their diet to remain healthy. If that's what you were asking. My dogs are fed high quality dog food with no fillers and the lowest amount of carbs that any dog food has on the market right now. The brand that I choose is the equivalent of a raw diet but in kibble form. But, what my dogs eat and need to be healthy, is not the same as what I eat or need to be healthy.

      How do you feel that vegetarianism impacts everyone else?

      How is this hypocritical? I never tell anyone to be a vegetarian or a vegan; I just explained how our bodies aren't built to be meat eaters, we have evolved to be so.

    • edzee profile image


      11 years ago

      I can appreciate soul food as a functional adaptation to who we are as American people. But the idea that culturally we can island-ize ourselves through one way of eating or another within our culture and NOT affect the way others eat invites another question: isn't this somewhat hypocritical? Against the ideas of what vegetarianism is in the first place?

      Correct me if I am wrong, but vegetarianism and veganism embrace the lowest impact possible of consumption on this planet by utilizing only renewable food sources. As a movement, vegetarianism is and will continue to impact everyone who is not vegetarian. Rather counter indicative.

      I am hoping you also feed your dog fact I am guessing that you do...which is particularly against design in my view.

    • apricot profile image

      Bengali Bratisha 

      11 years ago from Italy

      Hi Whitney05! Nice to meet you! This was the first hub I've read by you and you've certainly got me curious! I've been convinced that humans aren't meant to eat meat for a long time and I also reckon it's very addictive which is why many people feel they just can't go with out it - gosh I could go on all night talking about it! Suffice to say that I loved your hub and found it very refreshing! (Have you heard of the tamasic food argument by the way? It comes from Ayurvedic medicine...) Better go or I'll be talking all night about this one!

    • edzee profile image


      11 years ago

      Humans while ultimately best adapted to a more agrarian diet and perhaps a modern vegetarian lifestyle, were likely designed to think.

      I am so horribly split on the concepts of vegetarianism vs. omnivorous lifestyle that I find worrying about it beyond the healthiest choices for myself (I am not, my wife is) is disruptive.

      Humans were created to endeavor within the boundaries of existence, including culinary exploration and philosophical intercourse.

      Thanks for the meal.

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      The information you posted is very convincing. I have been considering eating less meat/dairy for the last few months. I grew up on a farm so we would eat our own (farm) animals (sounds so mean!) and recieved milk from a local dairy farm. Minimizing pesticides seemed as far as I wanted to go but I'm beginning to think I should cut out much of the meat I eat.

      I've found that one of the hardest thing to do when cutting back on meat is the habit I have of cooking meat for every meal with a side of carbs and veggies. Without the meat it seems incomplete! It's such a staple in our diets. I'm not attached to it though, I don't miss it when I don't eat it.

      Thank you for the information, it was well written, clear and easy to digest! The title gets people ready to fight though! :)

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Georgia

      Ria, See the chart above for comparison of meat eaters teeth and humans. See how the canines are different between the two, as well as how the other teeth are different. Are teeth are actually not sharp and pointed, they are much more dull.

    • Sean Leong profile image

      Sean Leong 

      11 years ago from Malaysia


      What you have written makes sense to me. I am not 100% vegan because I take take eggs, chicken (without the skin) and some seafood.Less cruel than those meat eaters I guess. I stay away from red meats many years ago and I am healthy. My father,who was a vegan, outlived my grandpa who wasn't by 10 years!

      I like reading your articles and I going to be your follower. Keep up your good work.

    • RiaMorrison profile image

      Ria Bridges 

      11 years ago from Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada

      I'm amazed that so far nobody has mentioned one of the most convincing pieces of evidence thathumans ARE supposed to eat meat (not only meat, mind, but still some): we have sharp pointy canine teeth! The way meat-eaters do. They're designed to help us bite and tear into meat. You mention in the chart that herbivores have their canines fairly even with the rest of their teeth, and yet herbivores wouldn't actually have canine teeth at all. Not what we call canine teeth, anyway. I don't recall looking in a rabbit's mouth and seeing such teeth. Horses sure don't have teeth like that.

      They're called canine teeth for a reason, after all.

      Also (and biologists may correct me if I'm wrong here), but I recall hearing that the appendix is active in herbivores and aids in the breaking down and digesting of plant matter, but in humans it's pretty much just a remnant of bygone times that we don't really need around anymore. Evolution just has yet to phase it out completely.

      Herbivore organs with carnivore teeth... Hmmm, could be some logic to that omnivore theory after all.

      Humans overconsume meat, and treat live creatures like products instead of, well, like live creatures. Saying that vegetarians live longer and are healthier is true, yes, but mostly when compared to people who have too much meat in their diets. Unfortunately, that's a large percentage of people in the Western world these days. But there are plenty of people who live into their 80s and 90s and still enjoy a good steak every once in a while, and plenty of vegetarians who die early deaths from improper nutrition.

      If you don't want to eat meat because of moral, ethical, or religious reasons, that's fine, and I support everyone who does so. But to present pseudoscience as a case for humans to naturally belong on vegetarian diets is folly. We came from omnivores, we grew and devleoped as omnivores, and we're biologically omnivores today.

    • profile image

      Sugar's Mom 

      11 years ago

      My son has been trying to tell me this for years. I stopped with the red meat over a year ago. Your hub has really got me thinking. Thanks for writing it!

    • profile image

      Nicholas Johnson 

      11 years ago

      Great site! Love it! The only thing Vegan do not get is b12, this is only because of the way we produce our veg.B12 is a bacteria, which at one point was found in veg but we are now supper clean so therefore is not found in a vegan diet. Having said that we can just eat a bowl of cereal and dont have to kill any animals in the process.

      Eating meat in my eyes is a sign of weakness. We all know that it wrong the way humans treat animals, real humans anyhow. Only the strong can be completely compassionate. Not only the animals but like you said what it is doing to humans themselves (cancer rates are increased with the more meat humans eat), the planet (it cannot cope with interested production of the meat industry), poorer humans (using too much food and land). People can say I can eat what I want but you are making the world bad for your kids and their kids and so one.

      We chat about animal rights like 30 years ago about womens rights to vote/black peoples rights - the point is animals don't want rights they want to be left to themselves. One day we will have to be all veggies - the health system can not cope, tax is used to pay for the farmers - it is starting to cost too much, again the planet can not cope.

      Be strong be veggie and you can save lives, both animals and humans - the world would be a better place if humans didnt think it was ok to eat meat!

      Nowadays I can not understand why people eat meat - I see chicken and think that is been killed so someone can eat it - it hasn't been allowed to live as God wanted it too. It had a heart, a brain, a need and a want to live but instead it is on someones plate because they paid for its cruel death. Someone by-passed a healthly veggie salad on the menu, which would have been better for them, to inflict so much pain to something. And if that person delelops cancer for eating that chicken / number of chickens and they ask for help, maybe God - you think they should have that help? Yes you may say Humans are more important but that person didnt need to have that chicken killed to live.

      The number of Vegans are increasing in the world if this goes on then animals will have their revolution, just to be left alone to live life..they dont care about money, cars, ipods, fasion!

    • Cleanclover profile image


      11 years ago from Piece of land!

      Not all meat are bad. Fish and sea food is absolutely vital for brain. I agree with red meat so i eat only chicken and fish to derive my proteins from. I love fruits and may eat some raw vegetables as well. Milk and almonds for calcium and sometimes chocolate and pizza that's it. I feel healthy, with glowing skin, relaxed and energetic. And yes i dont work either I make god make money for me while i enjoy. Your topic should have been 'we were not born to work'. Miracles do happen in my life whether anybody believes me or not. I guess people like me are very rare as we have understood how to get the job done from universe or god. :-)

      Thanx for the hub It made me realise how healthy I am

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Georgia

      I am not a vegan, or vegetarian. I eat poultry and seafood. So, that alone says this is not a vegan's rant.

      I just wanted to point out how our bodies are not built to properly digest meat. We do not have the enzymes, saliva, intestines, etc to properly digest meat as a true carnivore or even a true omnivore would.

      It doesn't matter where you live or where you get your meat from. Your body is still going to be built the same way as someone in any other part of the world

    • Miss Brightside profile image

      Miss Brightside 

      11 years ago

      Your statement about Meat being harmful to you i think is just silly. This is just another Vegan rant about grains and such. Veggies yes, are good for you but theirs nothing wrong with balancing a healthy diet out with meats like chicken and fish. Coming from a Carribbean background everyone I know's been eating only chicken and fish, nothing every happened to them. Maybe its just American meat thats tainted? my fathers aunt lived to be well into her Hundreds and died naturally. Eating meat is not harmful, as long as you have meat, a veggie, a grain and milk or water. Thats a healthy balanced meal, nothing's wrong with chicken and fish.

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Georgia

      Just because it tastes good doesn't mean that our bodies easily digest it or were designed to digest it.

    • Midasfx profile image


      11 years ago

      Humans were not created to eat meat? according to some quick google research says the ratio is about 10% for people in the USA who are vegetarian. So that other 90% ??? were not created to eat meat?

      its more like humans were not created to take pills to get their daily supplements because some overly biased people didn't want to eat certain foods.

      lets think, which tastes better...

      Grilled steak or Grilled tofu that " tastes like steak"

      Would you rather eat...

      Bacon or plastic coated pills ?

    • nicomp profile image

      nicomp really 

      11 years ago from Ohio, USA

      But it tastes so good!

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Georgia

      Baklava Etc , I did not leave out omnivores. I have within the article that traits of omnivores are very similar to carnivores, and even still humans have more traits similar to herbivores than they do omnivores. Also, first generation human have been proven to not ever have eaten meat. If a vegetarian diet is not monitored correctly, yes they can become ill, but on average vegetarians are more healthy than those who eat meats. There are other sources of vitamins than just one source. I'm not promising anything to anyone; all I'm saying is it's been proven that human bodies were not created to digest meat. We conditioned our bodies to it. Have you ever known a vegan who never touched meat, and then accidentally get a piece in their food and eat it? They get sick because the body stops producing the enzyme we've conditioned it to make and the body can no longer digest the meat again until you re-condition it.

      wesleycox, it is your decision. You can get proteins in other sources of food that are more easily digestible.

      Dragon Lady, I hope that you're not insinuating that I'm telling people to go vegan or vegetarian. I'm just trying to get info out there that our bodies aren't necessarily meant to digest meat. I feel it's healthier to go vegetarian, at least an lacto-ovo vegetarian, eating eggs and dairy.

      georgina, you may not have been getting all the vitamins that your body needs. If you monitor the vitamins, you shouldn't have any problems with exhaustion.

      Pamela, white flour is definitely hard to eliminate completely from a diet, but there are alternatives, so it's not too bad. I think that being that there's an alternative for nearly everything, especially everything that's bad for you, it's not quite as hard to get a balanced diet. It's just a matter of cutting out the things that you like to eat that happen to be bad for you. It's really all in moderation.

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      11 years ago from Sunny Florida

      Great hub. I have almost stopped eating meat, have eliminated anything with white flour or sugar (that's the hard one) but I feel so much better. I have health problems and am now on less medicine since changing my diet.

    • Georgina_writes profile image

      Georgina Crawford 

      11 years ago from Dartmoor

      Great hub, I've been vegetarian several times in my life, but gone back to eating meat because when I don't I feel exhausted, despite having a good Hb level and eating a very varid diet. What am I doing wrong?

    • profile image

      DraGoN LaDy 

      11 years ago

      Funny how so many people are so uneducated! I mean look at some of your comments! I'm sure some people think that all vegans are preachy and underfed.I've NEVER tried to convert anyone unless they asked. My husband was raised Vegan his WHOLE life. I've been vegan for 12 years. I've never felt. looked, or behaved better. He's 6'5 very muscular and is a martial arts instructor.No one ca say he's underfed or has health issues. I'm a folk/belly dancer, model and artist. I'm 5'8 120. We're both very healthy very active and will live a lot longer than my parents (overweight, diabetes, heart problems, pain issues, metal health issues, etc.) I don't agree entirely with some of your statements as they seem a bit bias, but there is some good info in there! Keep up the good work!

    • wesleycox profile image


      11 years ago from Back in Texas, at least until August 2012

      Well, after reading this in it's entirety you've almost got me convinced. My main diet has a meat percent around maybe 15% or so. All of the information you provide is food for thought as most of it I had no idea about. I always thought that our incisors are our fangs for tearing meat. Anyway this is great information presented in an easy to follow way. I think I'll consider reducing meats as my main reason for eating them is for the proteins.

    • Baklava Etc profile image

      Baklava Etc 

      11 years ago

      Meat eaters as you call them are properly called carnivores. Humans are omnivores, but you left this group out completely. Why? I found your article to be tilted toward soft science. You already had your answers before you did your research. The following is an excerpt from

      People can develop pernicious anemia if they don't get enough vitamin B12 in the foods that they eat. This condition takes many years to develop because it takes time to use up the vitamin B12 already stored in the body.

      Some people who are strict vegetarians can develop pernicious anemia, especially if they do not eat meat, poultry, fish, eggs, or dairy products--the best food sources of vitamin B12. Breastfed infants of strict vegetarian mothers can develop anemia in a short time because they don't have enough vitamin B12 stored in their bodies. They can be given vitamin B12 supplements to prevent this type of anemia.

      Today we can take artifical B12 and will be just fine

      You mention...

      Vitamin B12- Almost exclusive to animal products like milk, eggs and cheese; but you can use enriched cereals, fortified soy products, and/or a supplement as an alternative.

      This however is not a natural source.

      Look back a few thousand years and you would likely find that those humans that didn't eat meat didn't live very long. Bottom line is this...Your premise is WRONG. I seldom eat red meats but for very different reasons.

    • kartika damon profile image

      kartika damon 

      11 years ago from Fairfield, Iowa

      Excellent hub - you are right on! I still eat some turkey and chicken once in a while but I really know that it is not ideal! I want to bookmark this and read it carefully when I have more time - I need the inspiration and information! Kartika

    • ethel smith profile image

      Ethel Smith 

      11 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      What a well laid out Hub. Good tables and the like. I do meat, although not in large quantities. As an animal lover eating meat does not sit well with me. Whether I will one day become a full vegetarian though, I am not sure. There are certain meats and meat products that I do not eat such as lamb, veal and pate de fois gras.

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Georgia

      Cavemen didn't have fire at first, so from the beginning they weren't eating raw. Men didn't start eating meat until the hunter/gather stage, which was just 10,000 years ago, even then their diets were light on meat because they couldn't really store it. Smaller portions were better.

      As for milk and other dairy products, these weren't consumed until about 5,000 to 6,000 because that was about the time when humans started keeping livestock. I'd assume eggs were about this time as well.

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 

      11 years ago from London, UK

      I thought and understood that there was evidence from the cave man that had eaten meat. Thanks for your hub.

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Georgia

      I don't doubt it. I may have to check it out. Thank you

    • 1st1up profile image


      11 years ago

      there's a VERY insightful book called "the china study". its written by a PhD who has spend his life researching causes of cancer. Its all about consuming animal products....the conclusions are shocking

    • Whitney05 profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Georgia

      You are right in that there is great controversy, but if you really look at the studies, people who live on vegetarian diets, live longer and are healthier than those who eat meat on a regular basis. If you look at the way our body was created, we weren't built to eat meat like carnivores or even omnivores.

      The blood types do not determine whether the person can use plant proteins and what diet they should keep. Medical experts universally agree that the theory is nonsense, and there is absolutely no link between blood types and diet.

      I eat as little as possible. I am not a vegetarian, as I do eat chicken, turkey, fish, shrimp, eggs, and dairy. Moderation is the key. For me, there are just too many studies and reports that show pork and beef are detrimental to human health.

      As for soy, there are some people who have soy allergies, but there are other alternatives. Soy is not necessary to have as a part of a vegetarian diet.

    • EthicalWillAngel profile image


      11 years ago

      There is a lot of controversary about your statement that "humans were not meant to eat meat". I have consulted with 4 cancer nutritionists who each have over 30 yrs experience and each one has a different answer.

      1. Some type blood like O and B cannot convert plant protein into protein for muscle and blood health.

      2. Some say Type A blood can while others say no.

      3. For people who have had cancer and are estrongen positive. Soy is harmful even in its natural state and organic (others do not believe this is so).

      For me I am in a quandray and have a hard time making a decision.


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