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Perfect Cup of Coffee

Updated on October 30, 2014

Enjoyment from Brewing Coffee

Lot of people derives as much enjoyment from brewing coffee as from drinking it. And for some, making coffee is a time-honored traditional practice, and the happiness is even greater with the knowledge that one is using the same apparatus that yielded cups of the much-loved beverage 'Coffee' to the past generations. Other people appreciate in acquiring and using the latest appliances which are more popular, and certainly coffee brewing and serving offer scope for constant design advance, are they practical or artistic, or even both. Skill to know and talented to select, grind and brew coffee with a range of different coffee machines is all part of the quest for the perfect cup.

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

Coffee Beans

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

Ethiopian birthplace, through Arabia and the Middle East, and on to Europe and the New World. The critical role of the drink in shaping the spiritual and social life of medieval Arabia and Turkey is discovered and how it became permanently entrenched in the Western cultures. The Arabs' affection for the drink spread swiftly along trade routes, and Venetians had been introduced to coffee by 1600. In Europe as in Arabia, church and state officials regularly proscribed the new drink, identifying it with the often-liberal deliberations conducted by coffee house habitués, but the institutions nonetheless reproduce nowhere more so than in seventeenth-century London. The first coffee house opened there in 1652, and a large number of such enterprises opened soon after on both the Europe and in North America, where they emerged in such eastern cities as New York, Boston, and Philadelphia of the seventeenth century. in the last decade of the seventeenth century.

Coffee comes from the fruit of an evergreen plant, or tree, which accompaniments in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. The trees make delicate bunch of jasmine-scented blossoms, and fruit known as "cherries". Insulated in each cherry, protect by pulp and parchment, are two coffee beans. Since just about four thousand beans are needed to produce one pound of roasted coffee, few commodities need so much in terms of human effort.

Processing

The coffee beans are roasted in giant commercial roasters according to measures and specifications which differ among manufacturers (specialty shops usually purchase beans directly from the growers and rost them on-site). The most general process entails placing the beans in a large metal cylinder and blowing hot air into it. An older process, called singeing, calls for placing the coffee beans in a metal cylinder that is then revolved over an electric, gas, or charcoal heater. Regardless of the exacting method used, roasting steadily raises the temperature of the beans to between 431 and 449 degrees Fahrenheit (220-230 degrees Celsius). This triggers the release of steam, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and other volatiles, dropping the weight of the beans by 14 to 23 percent. The pressure of these escaping internal gases causes the beans to swell, and they raise their volume by 30 to 100 percent. Roasting also darkens the color of the beans, gives them a powdery texture, and triggers the chemical reactions that permeate the coffee with its familiar aroma.

After leaving the roaster, the beans are located in a cooling vat, wherein they are stimulated while cold air is blown over them. If the coffee being prepared is high-quality, the cooled beans will now be sent through an electronic sorter equipped to spot and remove beans that emerged from the roasting process too light or too dark. If the coffee is to be pre ground, the producer mills it directly after roasting. Special types of grinding have been developed for each of the different types of coffee makers, as each functions best with coffee ground to a precise fineness.

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

Drip Coffee Makers

This is likely the system you are most familiar with, as nearly every home in your country has a basic coffee maker like this. Coffee grounds are positioned in a filter basket inside the machine, and the internal tank is filled with water. The machine heats the water and the hot water drips through the coffee grounds into a glass carafe to make brewed coffee. It's fairly easy, quick and the machines are inexpensive. It's the favorite method for most people because the entire process is automatic and wants no skill on our part.

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

The French Press

The French press, is also identified as a plunger pot, and is another very popular way to make coffee. Your coffee grounds are added directly to a pot of hot water, and after they "steep", you press down a plunger inside the pot to twist the grounds to the bottom of the pot. It's another pretty easy way to make coffee, and is a preferred method for those who don't really make enough coffee to warrant another piece of kitchen apparatus.

Photo Source: Answer.com

Percolator

Even if the percolator has fallen out of favor over the years, it's still used (mainly by older coffee drinkers who have always used one). Admittedly, the coffee is not going to be of the highest superiority when brewed with a percolator, but we felt it should still be integrated since people do use them. A basket of coffee grounds is positioned in a kettle, and the water is boiled. The boiling water bubbles up through the coffee grounds, where you can see it in a glass bubble at the top of the percolator. When it gets to the correct darkness to your taste, it's ready.

Photo Source: Answer.com

Turkish Ibrik

Like the balancing siphon stated here, you're not that likely going to find an 'Ibrik' in your average North American kitchen. An ibrik is a small metal cup on the end of a reasonably long handle, and is a Turkish utensil for making coffee. The pot is narrower at the crown than at the bottom, which is an important feature. The cup is filled with water, and a spoon of finely grounded coffee is added on top. The powdered coffee "caps" the water, and as the boiling water bubbles it sheers through the grounds. After the water foams up 3 times, then you identify the coffee is done.

Photo Source: Answer.com

Vacuum Pot and Moka Pot

A vacuum pot has 2 chambers, a lower one and an upper one, attached jointly with a filter. Water goes in the base, and coffee grounds in the top. It's positioned on a heat source, and as the water heats up, it is forced upwards to mix with the coffee grounds. When the pot is removed from the heat, the cooling lower chamber than sucks all the brewed coffee back down through the filter.(which keeps the coffee grounds in the top). Leaving us with fresh brewed coffee, in the lower part of the vacuum pot.

Moka Pot isn't actually for making coffee, but rather espresso. These small metal pots have a bottom and top section, with a cup among them to hold the coffee grounds. Water is filled in the bottom, then the filter cup and top chamber are screwed on. When placed on a heat source, the water boils and is forced up through the coffee grounds under pressure and the completed espresso accumulates in the top section. A nice option if you don't want to waste the bucks on an automatic espresso machine.

Espresso Coffee Machine - The Machine's operation

More or less all coffee shops now have commercial espresso machines and serve both espresso and espresso drinks to a growing number of users. In addition to the coffee shops, curbside espresso carts and drive-through espresso windows have bounced up throughout the greater metropolitan area. Now, it seems that each and every shopping mall and supermarket has its espresso coffee shop.

Making Coffee

Useful Tips

To prepare a perfect coffee, begin with the best, freshest ingredients and follow the directions for your particular Coffee Maker.

No matter what kind of coffee maker you may use, the ratio of ground coffee to water should always be 2 table spoons to 200 ml (1/3 pint) water. For weaker (mild) coffee, dilute to coffee with hot water after you prepare it. Always use to proper grind; always begin with a spotless clean Coffee Maker and fresh cold water. Serve the coffee without delay. If you must reheat the coffee, do so over mild heat and never let it boil.

Cappuccino - A Cappuccino is Espresso mixed with Steamed Milk topped with a Layer of Milk Foam.

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

In Italy, cappuccinos are regularly consumed with breakfast items while in other countries they are consumed at any time of day or as an after dinner beverage.

Make a 1 1/2 oz. espresso, leaving enough water in the espresso machine to steam some milk.

Put espresso in a 5-oz. or larger cup so that you have room for the milk.

Set espresso machine to steam.

Fill a stainless-steel carafe with 3 oz. cold milk and insert the steam nozzle.

Place nozzle halfway down in milk and leave it in milk for 45 to 60 seconds, or until the milk is hot and there's enough foam for your preference.

Add 1 1/2 oz. steamed milk to the cup of espresso.

Spoon some foamed milk onto the top.

If you like, sprinkle with ground chocolate, cinnamon or nutmeg.

How to make a great cup of coffee - Instant coffee is fast, but, a great cup of coffee requires time, tasty coffee beans,

Cold Brewed Coffee

Cold brewed coffee is strong and delicious, devoid of the acid and bitterness of hot coffee. So what is cold brewing? It was developed in New Orleans in the 1960s. Here's how to make cold coffee:

Pour in one pound of coffee.

Add 2 cups of water and stir gently to make sure all grounds get wet.

Add 8 more cups of water-gently and slowly!

Cover and let the brew set for 12 hours, at room temperature.

After 12 hours, you'll have to strain the brew-first through an ordinary sieve, then through a fine-mesh sieve-to get all the coffee grounds out.

Now put your rich, cold brewed coffee in a glass container, and keep it in the fridge until you're ready to mix your iced coffee.

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

Coffee Terminology

Flavor or Finish is the influence a coffee leaves on your tongue. Each bean has its own exclusive characteristics. Coffee flavor is a mixture of these characteristics improved by roasting process.

Body is the taste effect left at the back of your mouth by the coffee. Body is the interaction of color, smell and taste.

Aroma is the odor of the coffee which comes to your nose from the beans and the brewing, as well as through your mouth as you are drinking.

Acidity denotes to the liveliness and snap of coffee. The African, Sumatran and coffees cultivated at lower altitudes have the driest, "wine-like acidity."

Coffee - from the Americas normally have a sweeter, chocolate or nutty expression. Yet French and darker roasts can bring out the impulsive in these coffees as well.

The taste of a coffee refers to the way the weight or thickness feels in your mouth, the feeling of light, medium or strong. While recounting the acidity level of coffee it has nothing to do with the amount of acid. The coffees acidity is the bright, tangy, fruity, or wine like tastes that are found in high grown Arabica category. It is the dynamic pleasing taste in your mouth and without any level of acidity the coffee would be tasteless. A lot of coffees have the taste and aroma of fruit as coffee beans are seeds of the coffee cherry, and a few coffees make the aroma of sweet spices like cinnamon, cloves.

Print Your Views - Coffee Drinking

Do You Love Coffee Drinking

Yes

Yes

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    • VspaBotanicals 4 years ago

      I love coffee. Just finished a cup. I love these tips as well.

    • Dorian Bodnariuc 4 years ago from Ottawa, Ontario Canada

      I love coffee, my favorite brews are Turkish and espresso.

    • FreakyV 4 years ago from Canada

      The only way I survive my mornings!

    • anonymous 4 years ago

      Yes, I love coffee and drink plenty of it!

    • anonymous 4 years ago

      At times I do.

    • Beverly Lemley 4 years ago from Raleigh, NC

      Yes! What is a day without that cup of coffee ~ not quite the same!

    • Tara Wojtaszek 5 years ago

      I just adore coffee and anything coffee-flavoured (coffee ice cream, coffee yogurt, espresso chocolate...)

    • mglee2010 5 years ago

      Love my coffee with my Cuisinart Coffee Maker

    • FashionMommy 5 years ago

      I like coffee early in the morning.

    • Camden1 5 years ago

      I'm a habitual two cups a day drinker!

    • Fetishmodels 5 years ago

      I adore coffee

    • allenwebstarme 5 years ago

      I like Coffee lot but prefer tea every day!

    • Darcie French 5 years ago from Abbotsford, BC

      I drink coffee alllll dayyy :))

    • John Dyhouse 5 years ago from UK

      whoops, forgot to say that I love coffee but am also an avid fan of tea

    • Samuely 6 years ago

      Yes, yes, yes! Coffee is magic. I like it very much :D

    • grannysage 7 years ago

      I started as a child. My grandma used to make me a half coffee, half milk mixture in a tiny cup. It was a social time in our household, so of course I graduated to the bigger cups.

    • Sandy Mertens 8 years ago from Frozen Tundra

      I never thought I would start drinking coffee. But now I drink it, without thinking about it.

    No

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      • anonymous 6 years ago

        I am a TEA drinker.

      • ohcaroline 6 years ago

        I don't drink coffee...but I really enjoy brewing it for others. The aroma of brewed coffee is delicious.

      • Jhangora LM 6 years ago

        I prefer tea but sometimes do drink coffee. Nice lens!

      • Tyla MacAllister 8 years ago

        I don't like to drink coffee but I love the way it smells when it's being brewed.

      Making filter coffee

      Coffee: Visitors Point of View - I would love to have your valuable comments, suggestion about this page

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        • LouisaDembul profile image

          LouisaDembul 4 years ago

          I love having coffee with Ethiopians as they roast in on the charcoal burner in front of you. The aroma fills the whole house and the coffee is really freshly cooked!

        • profile image

          cmadden 4 years ago

          I really enjoy a good cup of coffee with a scone; two of my kitties like a bit of scone as well (they're not allowed coffee, though).

        • profile image

          anonymous 4 years ago

          Though I am fond of my morning tea cuppa, I don't mind relishing a delicious cup of roasted coffee occasionally. I especially love the smell of hot coffee that comes during the brewing.

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          anonymous 4 years ago

          Greeting my friend, I hope you holidays are joyful and the new year ahead.

          I've been adding eggnog to my coffee for the Christmas season. :)

        • VspaBotanicals profile image

          VspaBotanicals 4 years ago

          Thumbs up for coffee!!!

        • WriterJanis2 profile image

          WriterJanis2 4 years ago

          You've given me some great gifts ideas.

        • CoolFool83 profile image

          CoolFool83 4 years ago

          Coffee always hits the spot for me.

        • profile image

          anonymous 4 years ago

          Great Lens! I Love Coffee

        • FreakyV profile image

          FreakyV 4 years ago from Canada

          I learned alot about one of my favorite beverages, thanks for writing this!

        • profile image

          anonymous 4 years ago

          You have to be a coffee lover for sure to know all this and to teach it so well! I had never heard of cold brewing coffee, will have to give that a try one day. When I was growing up most people used percolators but some of the old time Finns would throw the grounds into a pot of boiling water and it seem like they brought it to a boil three times like in one of your preparations and they would strain it into cups, put a sugar cube in their mouth and some cream in the coffee and sigh at how good it was. Wonderfully presented and blessed by a coffee loving angel.

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          anonymous 4 years ago

          YOu are skillful in so many areas.

        • BLemley profile image

          Beverly Lemley 4 years ago from Raleigh, NC

          Great lens ~ delightful to read! I just had my cup, or else I would have to be on my way to one right now! B : )

        • Wedding Mom profile image

          Wedding Mom 5 years ago

          I would like to have my own espresso machine. I love a good cup of coffee to wake me up.

        • mrsclaus411 profile image

          mrsclaus411 5 years ago

          Nice lens. I love a good hot cup of coffee.

        • profile image

          FashionMommy 5 years ago

          I must have my coffee every morning.

        • Camden1 profile image

          Camden1 5 years ago

          I can't imagine facing a day without coffee!

        • BuckHawkcenter profile image

          BuckHawkcenter 5 years ago

          Since I am a coffee-holic, this was good information.

        • whats4dinner profile image

          whats4dinner 5 years ago

          There's just something about coffee. Great lens Sukkran.

        • allenwebstarme profile image

          allenwebstarme 5 years ago

          Excellent lens about making perfect cup of Coffee. After reading this, I think I will make more nice Coffee for my family.

        • John Dyhouse profile image

          John Dyhouse 5 years ago from UK

          Excellent run down of some of the various coffe types, I do love a good stong espresso but also enjoy coffee prepared in a Drip machine and a cafetiere (as we call the french press in the uk). I also enjoy tea but it has to be fairly weak for me. I like Earl Grey but as a special treat lapsang souchong.

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          anonymous 6 years ago

          Hi Sukkran, very nice lens +1 from me.

          By the way, I have a plan to pick your lens into my site, can I get the permission? :)

          Please visit my site : moka-pot.com

          Thanks

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          ohcaroline 6 years ago

          My mother was a real coffee aficionado...I never developed a taste for it. Nice lens...full of information.

        • Lady Lorelei profile image

          Lorelei Cohen 6 years ago from Canada

          Beautifully designed lens - love the kitties :)

        • Harshitha LM profile image

          Harshitha LM 6 years ago

          I prefer tea to coffee, but if I have to have coffee it would surely be cold coffee...

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          anonymous 6 years ago

          So wonderful lens .. Basha. It's so informative and pretty design. I really like everything you've created here. Ah.. It's time for me to get a perfect cup of coffee right now :) 5 stars and 2 big thumbs up for you .. my friend. Have wonderful times ;)

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          anonymous 6 years ago

          omg I love coffee good lens.Visit one my newest lenes..Strange addiction, bed bugs-2, Coffee shop -A-to-Z, Military women now homeless on the streets. thanks for your lens

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          Keurig 6 years ago

          There are so many choices of coffee brewers out there that sometimes I feel overwhelmed. Lately I have been looking at the keurig coffee maker reviews but am concerned about the number of people who complain.

        • Winter52 LM profile image

          Winter52 LM 6 years ago

          I think that I have found someone who likes coffee just about as much as I do. I "lens-rolled"

          you back for Morning Coffee :) Thanks for stopping by.

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          WriterBuzz 6 years ago

          Your lens is great. Very informative. I liked your lens with a thumbs up.

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          anonymous 6 years ago

          I'm not a coffee drinker but after I've seen your presentation I instantly wished for a cup of coffee. I have an espresso coffee machine at home and I suppose it's time to use it.

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          Ladyclodine 7 years ago

          I used articles as my medium to find the best filter coffee makers when i bought one. It really helped me choose the perfect one for me. It's good to have these kinds of reviews and articles.

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          grannysage 7 years ago

          You have such great graphics and pictures. I love my coffee and my husband knows when to be quiet when I haven't had any. I've used a variety of coffee pots. My parents had an old drip pot, I've had percolators, and now I have one that makes it easy to fill up my cup....just push the little button. I'm not into the specialty coffees much, just give me a good cup of coffee! Can I have one now?

          Good lens.

        • Pmona LM profile image

          Pmona LM 7 years ago

          Yum, a lens about one of my favorite drinks! 5*

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          anonymous 7 years ago

          Love the site...and just started last year, drinking my coffee..I 've been experimenting with different types of coffee..Also, buying the fresh coffee beans from the store and grinding them...

          I also enjoy adding in whipped cream as well as ground cinnamon to my coffee.

        • sukkran trichy profile image
          Author

          sukkran trichy 8 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

          [in reply to ArtByLinda] I have to thank you Linda, truly speaking, I am often visiting your lenses, learning from it and implementing it in my lenses. That’s all.

        • SandyMertens profile image

          Sandy Mertens 8 years ago from Frozen Tundra

          Nice lens. I like the way you have laid this out.

        • ArtByLinda profile image

          Linda Hoxie 8 years ago from Idaho

          This is an awesome lens, what a great design and content!