ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Perfect Cup of Coffee

Updated on October 30, 2014

Enjoyment from Brewing Coffee

Lot of people derives as much enjoyment from brewing coffee as from drinking it. And for some, making coffee is a time-honored traditional practice, and the happiness is even greater with the knowledge that one is using the same apparatus that yielded cups of the much-loved beverage 'Coffee' to the past generations. Other people appreciate in acquiring and using the latest appliances which are more popular, and certainly coffee brewing and serving offer scope for constant design advance, are they practical or artistic, or even both. Skill to know and talented to select, grind and brew coffee with a range of different coffee machines is all part of the quest for the perfect cup.

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

Coffee Beans

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

Ethiopian birthplace, through Arabia and the Middle East, and on to Europe and the New World. The critical role of the drink in shaping the spiritual and social life of medieval Arabia and Turkey is discovered and how it became permanently entrenched in the Western cultures. The Arabs' affection for the drink spread swiftly along trade routes, and Venetians had been introduced to coffee by 1600. In Europe as in Arabia, church and state officials regularly proscribed the new drink, identifying it with the often-liberal deliberations conducted by coffee house habitués, but the institutions nonetheless reproduce nowhere more so than in seventeenth-century London. The first coffee house opened there in 1652, and a large number of such enterprises opened soon after on both the Europe and in North America, where they emerged in such eastern cities as New York, Boston, and Philadelphia of the seventeenth century. in the last decade of the seventeenth century.

Coffee comes from the fruit of an evergreen plant, or tree, which accompaniments in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. The trees make delicate bunch of jasmine-scented blossoms, and fruit known as "cherries". Insulated in each cherry, protect by pulp and parchment, are two coffee beans. Since just about four thousand beans are needed to produce one pound of roasted coffee, few commodities need so much in terms of human effort.


The coffee beans are roasted in giant commercial roasters according to measures and specifications which differ among manufacturers (specialty shops usually purchase beans directly from the growers and rost them on-site). The most general process entails placing the beans in a large metal cylinder and blowing hot air into it. An older process, called singeing, calls for placing the coffee beans in a metal cylinder that is then revolved over an electric, gas, or charcoal heater. Regardless of the exacting method used, roasting steadily raises the temperature of the beans to between 431 and 449 degrees Fahrenheit (220-230 degrees Celsius). This triggers the release of steam, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and other volatiles, dropping the weight of the beans by 14 to 23 percent. The pressure of these escaping internal gases causes the beans to swell, and they raise their volume by 30 to 100 percent. Roasting also darkens the color of the beans, gives them a powdery texture, and triggers the chemical reactions that permeate the coffee with its familiar aroma.

After leaving the roaster, the beans are located in a cooling vat, wherein they are stimulated while cold air is blown over them. If the coffee being prepared is high-quality, the cooled beans will now be sent through an electronic sorter equipped to spot and remove beans that emerged from the roasting process too light or too dark. If the coffee is to be pre ground, the producer mills it directly after roasting. Special types of grinding have been developed for each of the different types of coffee makers, as each functions best with coffee ground to a precise fineness.

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

Drip Coffee Makers

This is likely the system you are most familiar with, as nearly every home in your country has a basic coffee maker like this. Coffee grounds are positioned in a filter basket inside the machine, and the internal tank is filled with water. The machine heats the water and the hot water drips through the coffee grounds into a glass carafe to make brewed coffee. It's fairly easy, quick and the machines are inexpensive. It's the favorite method for most people because the entire process is automatic and wants no skill on our part.

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

The French Press

The French press, is also identified as a plunger pot, and is another very popular way to make coffee. Your coffee grounds are added directly to a pot of hot water, and after they "steep", you press down a plunger inside the pot to twist the grounds to the bottom of the pot. It's another pretty easy way to make coffee, and is a preferred method for those who don't really make enough coffee to warrant another piece of kitchen apparatus.

Photo Source:


Even if the percolator has fallen out of favor over the years, it's still used (mainly by older coffee drinkers who have always used one). Admittedly, the coffee is not going to be of the highest superiority when brewed with a percolator, but we felt it should still be integrated since people do use them. A basket of coffee grounds is positioned in a kettle, and the water is boiled. The boiling water bubbles up through the coffee grounds, where you can see it in a glass bubble at the top of the percolator. When it gets to the correct darkness to your taste, it's ready.

Photo Source:

Turkish Ibrik

Like the balancing siphon stated here, you're not that likely going to find an 'Ibrik' in your average North American kitchen. An ibrik is a small metal cup on the end of a reasonably long handle, and is a Turkish utensil for making coffee. The pot is narrower at the crown than at the bottom, which is an important feature. The cup is filled with water, and a spoon of finely grounded coffee is added on top. The powdered coffee "caps" the water, and as the boiling water bubbles it sheers through the grounds. After the water foams up 3 times, then you identify the coffee is done.

Photo Source:

Vacuum Pot and Moka Pot

A vacuum pot has 2 chambers, a lower one and an upper one, attached jointly with a filter. Water goes in the base, and coffee grounds in the top. It's positioned on a heat source, and as the water heats up, it is forced upwards to mix with the coffee grounds. When the pot is removed from the heat, the cooling lower chamber than sucks all the brewed coffee back down through the filter.(which keeps the coffee grounds in the top). Leaving us with fresh brewed coffee, in the lower part of the vacuum pot.

Moka Pot isn't actually for making coffee, but rather espresso. These small metal pots have a bottom and top section, with a cup among them to hold the coffee grounds. Water is filled in the bottom, then the filter cup and top chamber are screwed on. When placed on a heat source, the water boils and is forced up through the coffee grounds under pressure and the completed espresso accumulates in the top section. A nice option if you don't want to waste the bucks on an automatic espresso machine.

Espresso Coffee Machine - The Machine's operation

More or less all coffee shops now have commercial espresso machines and serve both espresso and espresso drinks to a growing number of users. In addition to the coffee shops, curbside espresso carts and drive-through espresso windows have bounced up throughout the greater metropolitan area. Now, it seems that each and every shopping mall and supermarket has its espresso coffee shop.

Making Coffee

Useful Tips

To prepare a perfect coffee, begin with the best, freshest ingredients and follow the directions for your particular Coffee Maker.

No matter what kind of coffee maker you may use, the ratio of ground coffee to water should always be 2 table spoons to 200 ml (1/3 pint) water. For weaker (mild) coffee, dilute to coffee with hot water after you prepare it. Always use to proper grind; always begin with a spotless clean Coffee Maker and fresh cold water. Serve the coffee without delay. If you must reheat the coffee, do so over mild heat and never let it boil.

Cappuccino - A Cappuccino is Espresso mixed with Steamed Milk topped with a Layer of Milk Foam.

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

In Italy, cappuccinos are regularly consumed with breakfast items while in other countries they are consumed at any time of day or as an after dinner beverage.

Make a 1 1/2 oz. espresso, leaving enough water in the espresso machine to steam some milk.

Put espresso in a 5-oz. or larger cup so that you have room for the milk.

Set espresso machine to steam.

Fill a stainless-steel carafe with 3 oz. cold milk and insert the steam nozzle.

Place nozzle halfway down in milk and leave it in milk for 45 to 60 seconds, or until the milk is hot and there's enough foam for your preference.

Add 1 1/2 oz. steamed milk to the cup of espresso.

Spoon some foamed milk onto the top.

If you like, sprinkle with ground chocolate, cinnamon or nutmeg.

How to make a great cup of coffee - Instant coffee is fast, but, a great cup of coffee requires time, tasty coffee beans,

Cold Brewed Coffee

Cold brewed coffee is strong and delicious, devoid of the acid and bitterness of hot coffee. So what is cold brewing? It was developed in New Orleans in the 1960s. Here's how to make cold coffee:

Pour in one pound of coffee.

Add 2 cups of water and stir gently to make sure all grounds get wet.

Add 8 more cups of water-gently and slowly!

Cover and let the brew set for 12 hours, at room temperature.

After 12 hours, you'll have to strain the brew-first through an ordinary sieve, then through a fine-mesh sieve-to get all the coffee grounds out.

Now put your rich, cold brewed coffee in a glass container, and keep it in the fridge until you're ready to mix your iced coffee.

Photo Source: Flickr under creative commons license.

Coffee Terminology

Flavor or Finish is the influence a coffee leaves on your tongue. Each bean has its own exclusive characteristics. Coffee flavor is a mixture of these characteristics improved by roasting process.

Body is the taste effect left at the back of your mouth by the coffee. Body is the interaction of color, smell and taste.

Aroma is the odor of the coffee which comes to your nose from the beans and the brewing, as well as through your mouth as you are drinking.

Acidity denotes to the liveliness and snap of coffee. The African, Sumatran and coffees cultivated at lower altitudes have the driest, "wine-like acidity."

Coffee - from the Americas normally have a sweeter, chocolate or nutty expression. Yet French and darker roasts can bring out the impulsive in these coffees as well.

The taste of a coffee refers to the way the weight or thickness feels in your mouth, the feeling of light, medium or strong. While recounting the acidity level of coffee it has nothing to do with the amount of acid. The coffees acidity is the bright, tangy, fruity, or wine like tastes that are found in high grown Arabica category. It is the dynamic pleasing taste in your mouth and without any level of acidity the coffee would be tasteless. A lot of coffees have the taste and aroma of fruit as coffee beans are seeds of the coffee cherry, and a few coffees make the aroma of sweet spices like cinnamon, cloves.

Print Your Views - Coffee Drinking

Do You Love Coffee Drinking

Making filter coffee

Coffee: Visitors Point of View - I would love to have your valuable comments, suggestion about this page

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • LouisaDembul profile image


      6 years ago

      I love having coffee with Ethiopians as they roast in on the charcoal burner in front of you. The aroma fills the whole house and the coffee is really freshly cooked!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I really enjoy a good cup of coffee with a scone; two of my kitties like a bit of scone as well (they're not allowed coffee, though).

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Though I am fond of my morning tea cuppa, I don't mind relishing a delicious cup of roasted coffee occasionally. I especially love the smell of hot coffee that comes during the brewing.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Greeting my friend, I hope you holidays are joyful and the new year ahead.

      I've been adding eggnog to my coffee for the Christmas season. :)

    • VspaBotanicals profile image


      6 years ago

      Thumbs up for coffee!!!

    • WriterJanis2 profile image


      6 years ago

      You've given me some great gifts ideas.

    • CoolFool83 profile image


      6 years ago

      Coffee always hits the spot for me.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Great Lens! I Love Coffee

    • FreakyV profile image


      6 years ago from Canada

      I learned alot about one of my favorite beverages, thanks for writing this!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      You have to be a coffee lover for sure to know all this and to teach it so well! I had never heard of cold brewing coffee, will have to give that a try one day. When I was growing up most people used percolators but some of the old time Finns would throw the grounds into a pot of boiling water and it seem like they brought it to a boil three times like in one of your preparations and they would strain it into cups, put a sugar cube in their mouth and some cream in the coffee and sigh at how good it was. Wonderfully presented and blessed by a coffee loving angel.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      YOu are skillful in so many areas.

    • BLemley profile image

      Beverly Lemley 

      6 years ago from Raleigh, NC

      Great lens ~ delightful to read! I just had my cup, or else I would have to be on my way to one right now! B : )

    • Wedding Mom profile image

      Wedding Mom 

      6 years ago

      I would like to have my own espresso machine. I love a good cup of coffee to wake me up.

    • mrsclaus411 profile image


      6 years ago

      Nice lens. I love a good hot cup of coffee.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I must have my coffee every morning.

    • Camden1 profile image


      6 years ago

      I can't imagine facing a day without coffee!

    • BuckHawkcenter profile image


      6 years ago

      Since I am a coffee-holic, this was good information.

    • whats4dinner profile image


      6 years ago

      There's just something about coffee. Great lens Sukkran.

    • allenwebstarme profile image


      7 years ago

      Excellent lens about making perfect cup of Coffee. After reading this, I think I will make more nice Coffee for my family.

    • John Dyhouse profile image

      John Dyhouse 

      7 years ago from UK

      Excellent run down of some of the various coffe types, I do love a good stong espresso but also enjoy coffee prepared in a Drip machine and a cafetiere (as we call the french press in the uk). I also enjoy tea but it has to be fairly weak for me. I like Earl Grey but as a special treat lapsang souchong.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Hi Sukkran, very nice lens +1 from me.

      By the way, I have a plan to pick your lens into my site, can I get the permission? :)

      Please visit my site :


    • profile image


      7 years ago

      My mother was a real coffee aficionado...I never developed a taste for it. Nice lens...full of information.

    • Lady Lorelei profile image

      Lorelei Cohen 

      7 years ago from Canada

      Beautifully designed lens - love the kitties :)

    • Harshitha LM profile image

      Harshitha LM 

      7 years ago

      I prefer tea to coffee, but if I have to have coffee it would surely be cold coffee...

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      So wonderful lens .. Basha. It's so informative and pretty design. I really like everything you've created here. Ah.. It's time for me to get a perfect cup of coffee right now :) 5 stars and 2 big thumbs up for you .. my friend. Have wonderful times ;)

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      omg I love coffee good lens.Visit one my newest lenes..Strange addiction, bed bugs-2, Coffee shop -A-to-Z, Military women now homeless on the streets. thanks for your lens

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      There are so many choices of coffee brewers out there that sometimes I feel overwhelmed. Lately I have been looking at the keurig coffee maker reviews but am concerned about the number of people who complain.

    • Winter52 LM profile image

      Winter52 LM 

      8 years ago

      I think that I have found someone who likes coffee just about as much as I do. I "lens-rolled"

      you back for Morning Coffee :) Thanks for stopping by.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Your lens is great. Very informative. I liked your lens with a thumbs up.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      I'm not a coffee drinker but after I've seen your presentation I instantly wished for a cup of coffee. I have an espresso coffee machine at home and I suppose it's time to use it.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      I used articles as my medium to find the best filter coffee makers when i bought one. It really helped me choose the perfect one for me. It's good to have these kinds of reviews and articles.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      You have such great graphics and pictures. I love my coffee and my husband knows when to be quiet when I haven't had any. I've used a variety of coffee pots. My parents had an old drip pot, I've had percolators, and now I have one that makes it easy to fill up my cup....just push the little button. I'm not into the specialty coffees much, just give me a good cup of coffee! Can I have one now?

      Good lens.

    • Pmona LM profile image

      Pmona LM 

      9 years ago

      Yum, a lens about one of my favorite drinks! 5*

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Love the site...and just started last year, drinking my coffee..I 've been experimenting with different types of coffee..Also, buying the fresh coffee beans from the store and grinding them...

      I also enjoy adding in whipped cream as well as ground cinnamon to my coffee.

    • sukkran trichy profile imageAUTHOR

      sukkran trichy 

      9 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      [in reply to ArtByLinda] I have to thank you Linda, truly speaking, I am often visiting your lenses, learning from it and implementing it in my lenses. That’s all.

    • SandyMertens profile image

      Sandy Mertens 

      9 years ago from Frozen Tundra

      Nice lens. I like the way you have laid this out.

    • ArtByLinda profile image

      Linda Hoxie 

      9 years ago from Idaho

      This is an awesome lens, what a great design and content!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)