- Food and Cooking
Not all Mushrooms are Good
In January 2012 two people lost their lives through poisoned mushrooms harvested and eaten in Canberra. They were tourists from China who were eating in a friend's club restaurant. Unbeknown to them the chef prepared their meal with a fatal poison gathered from nearby fields and known as the 'white-cap'.
They pretty much all look alike to the inexperienced eye of the unsuspecting. Apparently they resemble a mushroom commonly eaten and enjoyed in China. So how do you tell one type from another. Could this variety in the picture be a white-cap? Would you know if you saw it growing in a field?
We Do Pick Field Mushrooms in Canberra
Beautiful fresh mushrooms are hard to resist and many grow in my local park. They are often kicked to pieces, however, by those who believe they are not worth eating or just by vandals who could not care less. Sometimes I have walked home with so many in my hands that it was hard to hold them and many times found the need to take a bag.
They are large, typical mushrooms like those bought in the green grocer (picture from FreeDigitalImages,com). So where did that chef fail and why?
Wikipedia notes: "The pileus or cap of the original wild species is a pale grey-brown in color, with broad, flat scales on a paler background and fading toward the margins. It is first hemispherical in shape before flattening out with maturity, and 5-10 cm (2-4 in) in diameter. The narrow, crowded gills are free and initially pink, then red-brown and finally a dark brown with a whitish edge from the cheilocystidia " That makes it hard to mistake for one that is poisonous unless you know nothing about them.
Mushrooms are associated with trance and magic because of the potency some exhibit. Aside from the poisonous ones there are those that can be used to induce comas and other conditions on unsuspecting victims. Some people believe they are even inhabited by elves and fairies.
Do You Buy All Your Mushrooms?
Do you eat field mushrooms you pick yourself?
How to pick them
There are so many different types of mushrooms on the market that it is hard to choose between them. They suit different dishes and have completely different flavour although they all seem to have the same texture. Wikipedia notes: "A mushroom develops from a nodule, or pinhead, less than two millimeters in diameter, called a primordium, which is typically found on or near the surface of the substrate. It is formed within the mycelium, the mass of threadlike hyphae that make up the fungus."
Of the different types there are coral, gilled (although most are of this type), brain, button, and so on, each resembling the things they are called after. Cultivation has made it possible to just about grow any type in ideal situations to bring out the best of them. That also makes them rather expensive to buy. Micro-biologists are required to study the growth requirements for successful production.
Believe it or not there are magic mushrooms as well. People in some countries, such as Ireland, associate this fungus with lephrechauns and fairies. That is probably because they were considered to be potent and some do indeed act like drugs.
This from Wikipedia: "The mushroom effect is described as a "trip" because it is a long (4-6 hours) and powerful experience which takes you beyond normal perception and then back again. The active ingredient that causes this effect is called psilocybin. The mushrooms can be eaten raw or used to make tea."
That is possibly why the leprechaun is often depicted as being drunk or drinking. But gnomes are also included in these magical stories as happy, go lucky, drugged out fairies that can work magic on you if you are unaware or upset them in some way, It's amazing how ignorance leads to such delightful tales.
Grow Your Own
What is your preference
Do you prefer store bought or grow your own
Still images from Dreamstime - click here
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© 2012 norma-holt