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Truffles - Gourmet Food That Is So Rare and Expensive

Updated on October 10, 2017

What are truffles?

Truffles are classified as gourmet food because they are scarce and difficult to obtain. They also have a rare taste, and pungent smell.

They have a very powerful aroma intended to lure certain animals and ensure that the spores are scattered and propagated.

It is also believed that a steroid pheromone is responsible for imparting the distinct aroma of the truffles.

Truffles are the fruit of a special type of mushroom that grows from under the soil attached to the roots of large trees such as the oak, hazel, and poplar trees.

Truffles come in a variety of species such as the black Perigord truffle, white truffle and the burgundy or summer truffle.

One famous variety of truffle is the white truffle which is grown extensively in Northern Italy, particularly in the Piedmont region. They attach and multiply in the roots of the poplar, oak and hazel trees which also serve as their hosts until they bear fruits in autumn.

These Italian truffles are considered the most expensive and the most sought-after varieties in the market. In fact, the most expensive white truffle was sold for $330,000.

Piedmont Region  source of rare truffles
Piedmont Region source of rare truffles | Source

The summer and burgundy truffle can be found all across the European continent. The summer truffle is harvested during the summer season. It has a lighter color and its smell is milder. The burgundy truffle is harvested during fall until the end of the season. It has a deep color and has a stronger aroma.

Gourmets and foodies suggest that the best way to eat truffles is by grating and sprinkling it over fried eggs. You can also sprinkle it over your favorite pasta dish and salads.


Gourmet food is food that is of high quality, presented in an elaborate and sophisticated manner and very expensive.


Chocolate truffles are a type of candy with chocolate filling and shaped like truffles where they got their name. Do not be misled, these candies are not actually made of the expensive truffles harvested from the ground, they were merely given the name "truffle" because of their shape, with the lump and swell to mimic the real truffle.


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  • WAHmom profile image

    Zee Mercado 4 years ago

    Hello tututt bisous, thanks for visiting my hub on truffles. It's nice to meet you here.

  • tuttut bisous profile image

    Averil 4 years ago from St Ambroise, Finistere, France

    Brilliant, the best information on truffles I've seen in a while, thanks

  • WAHmom profile image

    Zee Mercado 5 years ago

    Thank you, ptrg777 for visiting my hub. You're welcome, mismazda. I'm glad you learned something from my hub. Nice to meet you guys here.

  • mismazda profile image

    mismazda 5 years ago from a southern georgia peach

    Thanks for this hub...always really wondered what truffles were...:)

  • ptrg777 profile image

    Peter 5 years ago from New York

    Expensive but nice flavor especially with truffle oil.