ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Types of Wines

Updated on December 1, 2016

History of Wine

Archaeological studies indicate that it was made by some primitive peoples perhaps 6,000 or more years ago. Wine grapes, which can be grown in almost any temperate climate, were widely cultivated by the ancient Mesopotamians and such Mediterranean peoples as the Greeks and Romans. Wine at that time was closely associated with religious functions, a practice still retained in such rites as the Jewish Passover and the Catholic and Anglican Communion services. Beginning in the ancient period, wine has also often been used in cooking to accent food flavor and has been served as a beverage at banquets and meals. Such ancient physicians as Hippocrates and Galen used wine as a tonic and as a dressing for wounds.

It is believed that wine was first introduced into Gaul (now France) in about the 6th century BC. Some of the finest vineyards in France have been under cultivation since the days of the Caesars. France now produces more than 25 percent of the world's total annual output of about 4,500,000,000 gallons of wine.

It is followed by Italy, Spain, Algeria, Portugal, Argentina, Greece, and the United States. California produces about 85 percent of all American wine, but wine is also made in such states as Michigan and New York.

Types of Wines

Although there are many types of wines, they may be generally classed as dinner wines and dessert wines. Dinner wines, also called dry or table wines, usually contain no more than 14 percent alcohol. They may be red wines, such as Chianti, Burgundy, and claret, or white wines, such as Chablis, Sauterne, and Rhine wine. Red wines, which are often preferred with red meats, are usually served at room temperature. White wines and the pinkish roses, often preferred with fish or fowl, are generally chilled before serving. Also chilled are the effervescent, or sparkling, wines, such as champagne, sparkling Burgundy, and sparkling rose.

Dessert wines, whose alcoholic content is from 14 to 21 percent, may be drunk before or after dinner. Included in this category are the aperitifs, or appetizer wines, such as sherry and vermouth. They range from dry to somewhat sweet in taste. Also included are the full-bodied sweet wines, such as port, cream sherry, muscatel, and Madeira, which are usually served at room temperature and drunk after meals.

Many wines are labeled only by class names, such as "white dinner wine" or "red dessert wine." Others have more specific names. For example, some wines take their names from the region in which they were traditionally produced. Champagne, Bordeaux, Burgundy, Sauterne, Medoc, Graves, and Rhine wines are named for traditional grape-growing regions in France and Germany. The chateau, or estate, where the grapes were first grown may also be included in the wine's name. Other wines, particularly in California, are named after the grape from which they derive their flavor and aroma and at least 51 percent of their volume. Thus, Zinfandel and Cabernet sauvignon are dry red wines made principally or entirely from Zinfandel or Cabernet sauvignon grapes. Amber muscatel is made from one or more of the muscat grapes.

Comments

Submit a Comment

No comments yet.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)