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1952 Topps Baseball Cards: The Prototype Baseball Card Set

Updated on August 30, 2012
1952 Topps Baseball card #1, Andy Pafko of the then Brooklyn Dodgers.
1952 Topps Baseball card #1, Andy Pafko of the then Brooklyn Dodgers.

1952 Topps Baseball Cards: The Epitome of Baseball Card Collecting

One of my favorite hobbies as a kid was collecting baseball cards. In fact, I still enjoy the hobby; although on a much smaller scale. I have many fond memories of saving my nickels and dimes (yes, you could still buy a pack of cards for under $0.50 back in the '70s) heading to the local “dime store” and barely making it out the front before ripping open every last pack. It was fun. It was exciting. And I can still smell—and taste—the aroma of that infamous Topps chewing gum in all its wafer-like pink glory!

Ahhh… the smell of it!

When it comes to baseball card collecting, many experts agree that the 1952 Topps baseball card set is the prototype for both modern baseball card design and collectivity. Even though there were numerous baseball card sets issued prior to 1952, none of them hold water to the 1952 Topps issue; which was officially Topps’ 2nd baseball set issued. 1951 was the 1st year The Topps Chewing Gum Co. issued a baseball card set—which was actually distributed as both a picture card set and a game.

1952 Topps baseball cards are, in essence, the groundbreaking set that defined the hobby; the epitome of baseball card collecting.

The 1952 Topps Mickey Mantle: The Holy Grail of the baseball card world!
The 1952 Topps Mickey Mantle: The Holy Grail of the baseball card world!
The 2nd year card of Willie Mays, # 261, is another stand-out card in the 1952 Topps baseball set.
The 2nd year card of Willie Mays, # 261, is another stand-out card in the 1952 Topps baseball set.

What makes the 1952 Topps Baseball Cards So Groundbreaking?

Topps’ 1952 baseball release is the prototype for every major subsequent baseball card issue for four reasons:

  • The 1952 Topps Baseball Cards were the 1st cards with fully designed fronts and backs. The fronts contained a colorized rendering of the player's B & W photograph which was both realistic and artistic as well as the 1st time a team logo appeared on a baseball card! These are truly beautiful cards!
  • 1952 Topps were the 1st baseball cards produced in dimensions (2 3/8” x 3 ¾”) nearest to the current standard of 2 ½” x 3 ½”
  • Topps’ 1952 Baseball Cards were the 1st major issue featuring each player’s full, lifetime statistics on the back of their card. How many times have you read the back of a baseball card? Plenty I'm sure!

And finally...

  • The 1952 Topps baseball cards were the 1st set issued in series with the initial release of 310 cards distributed early during the 1952 season and the remaining high numbers, 311-407, released later in the season.

It was this final feature (that was initially conceived by Topps as a mistake) that paved the way for every Topps baseball card release through the year 1973. Ask any collector of vintage Topps baseball cards and they'll tell you: Those high numbers sure can be tough...and expensive!

Jackie Robinson's 1952 Topps card, #312, another victim yet also another legend.
Jackie Robinson's 1952 Topps card, #312, another victim yet also another legend.
The last card in the Topps 1952 baseball card set, card #407 of Ed Mathews; which is also his rookie card.
The last card in the Topps 1952 baseball card set, card #407 of Ed Mathews; which is also his rookie card.

The Legend Behind the Topps 1952 Baseball High Numbers

As mentioned earlier, Topps issued the 1952 baseball set in 2 series: Series 1, 1-310, early in the season and series 2, 311-407, later in the season. Since sales were dramatically slower for series 2, many of the unopened packs were left unsold and eventually destroyed by being dumped in the Atlantic ocean. The fact that Topps chartered the boat to get rid of their 'so-called' excess inventory only adds to the legend of the 1952 baseball set; not to mention that included in that high number series is the card many baseball card collectors consider to be the holy grail of baseball card collecting: The Topps 1952 Mickey Mantle rookie card.

Oh to have been there that day with a large pickup truck and a tank full of gas…I can only dream...

Other notable cards so willingly drowned on that fateful day in 1952 were the likenesses of many Hall of Famers including:

  • Jackie Robinson: Card # 312
  • Roy Campanella: Card # 314
  • Leo Durocher: Card # 315
  • Pee Wee Reese: Card # 333
  • Hoyt Wilhelm: Card # 392
  • And the final card in the set...
  • Ed Mathews: Card # 407 (which is also his rookie card)

As you can see, there were quite a few choice cards sent to old Davey Jones' locker that day. What a shame! What a shame indeed! Nevertheless, the legend increased.

How many 1952 Topps Baseball Cards Do You Own?

See results

Sy Berger: The Man behind the 1952 Topps Baseball Card Set

In 1952, the Topps Chewing Gum Co. was not known for their baseball card sets. That distinction was firmly held by the Bowman Co. who, at the time, had the majority of major league baseball players under contract to appear on their cards. So it was quite the task that Topps even decided to compete with the big boys on the block, so to speak. Enter Sy Berger, whose infectious personality and professional diligence in designing every card in the 1952 Topps issue himself, literally propelled Topps to the top of the sporting card world. Berger, in a Society for American Baseball Research interview, recalls his work tirelessly putting together the 1952 Topps baseball set.

"You’ve got to understand, we were neophytes in this, in putting out cards, especially seasonal cards like sports cards. Which I want you to know, I wrote very single one of those 1952 cards. I wrote them and I recalculated the statistics because everything in one book says a guy’s 6 foot 2, in the next book it says he’s 5 foot 11. One says he weighs 300lbs, the other says 200lbs. You know, information wasn’t that ready in those days and I worked and I did everything...the whole series at home."

"My hope in those days was to go into a clubhouse and sign every guy in the clubhouse. I wanted to sign everybody. Every time a team came to New York or Brooklyn I was there. I brought bubble gum into the clubhouses, I became very friendly with all of the players. I was always around."

Which is exactly what he did. Berger was not only a gifted artist and businessman, but an incredible salesman, too. After the release and subsequent success of Topps' 1952 baseball issue, the Bowman Co. never had a chance; and within 3 years--after producing their final baseball issue in 1955--they were purchased. By who? The Topps company, of course.

Berger had done his job and the sporting card industry has never looked back. The Topps Co. is still the big dog on the block and continues to produce the hobby's finest and most collectible sets to this day. Thank you, Sy Berger!

How Can You Begin Your Collection Today?

Even though a complete set of 1952 Topps baseball cards would fetch literally tens of thousands of dollars on today's market, you, too, can begin collecting 1952 Topps baseball cards. You'll probably have to narrow down your wish-list, so to speak, by searching for the players and/or teams you have an afinity for. I'm a St. Louis Cardinals fan, so that's where I start. From there, it really becomes a matter of budget; how much are you comfortable spending.

For others, there's an option that many people have chosen, myself included. In 1983, Topps issued a complete reprint of their famed 1952 baseball card issue although in the smaller, modern-day dimensions. This set can easily be found on eBay or at card shows in the $100-$300.00 price range depending on condition.

Whatever your fancy, or level of baseball card collecting, every serious collector should have at least 1 card from the Topps 1952 baseball issue. The set is beautiful, very collectible, scarce, and yes, radically cool!


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    • Rob Jundt profile imageAUTHOR

      Rob Jundt 

      9 years ago from Midwest USA

      Dustin: How true! Except that most of the jewels have been found. I must admit, though, that I have had visions of stumbling across that long-hidden stash of pre-1957 Topps in perfect condition. To me, it would be better than the lottery!

      Thanks for stopping by!


    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Yea I wish I had the complete set. Collecting cards back then and actually keeping them in good shape was hard man. I swear you can find some good cards at a local grandmas garage sale.

    • Rob Jundt profile imageAUTHOR

      Rob Jundt 

      9 years ago from Midwest USA


      Thanks for dropping by! Like you, all I have heard about the 'infamous' dumping of the '52s is what has been reported. Although the story would make a great movie plot, I still think we have to believe it. Take the context of the hobby back in 1952. Baseball cards were primarily a means to sell other products, namely gum. So it would have taken a LOT of forethought for the bosses at Topps to conjure such a scheme that would in essence, take years to develop. It is a great story, though.



    • profile image


      9 years ago

      I have heard the tale of the dumped '52s for years and the more I ponder on it and dream about it the more I wonder if its just an urban legend.

      A couple of questions which come to mind:

      1) When was the first time this tale came to light, by whom, and in what setting?

      2) Why, in the early years take such unnecessary precautions and expense to destroy the cards when burning them would be much cheaper and probably more effective?

      Is it possible this is just a story designed to invoke collectors imaginations? Is it possible that there are still are mass quanities of them in a warehouse?

      I do like the idea of a barge dumpng them at sea but would like to hear some input on this.

    • Rob Jundt profile imageAUTHOR

      Rob Jundt 

      10 years ago from Midwest USA

      Dr. Funk,

      Thanks again!

    • DrFunk72 profile image


      10 years ago from Florida

      No worries, Rob. Even the otherwise excellent website mentions that the set only had two series.

    • Rob Jundt profile imageAUTHOR

      Rob Jundt 

      10 years ago from Midwest USA

      Thanks Dr. Funk for your contribution! I guess I should have done more research :) I'll do my best to update this hub per your instruction!


    • DrFunk72 profile image


      10 years ago from Florida

      Nice show!

      But I have a couple of corrections. The 1952 Topps set wasn't the first to be issued in series. Several sets were issued in series before that: all the Bowman sets going back to 1948 were issued throughout the year (and that first set...36 cards, with 12 added to the sheet later). The 1933 Goudey set was 239 cards and was issued in several series during the year. Even the T206 set that includes the famed Honus Wagner card was issued that way (backs mention different numbers of total subjects).

      Second, the set was not limited to two series that year. The Topps set was issued in six series, with the series spaced roughly six weeks apart. Here's the breakdown:

      Series 1: 1-80. These are the ones found with either red or black backs.

      Series 2: 81-130.

      Series 3: 131-180.

      Series 4: 181-250.

      Series 5: 251-310.

      Series 6: 311-407.

      While the last series contains the very expensive high numbers, there is a varying degree of scarcity among the others. 5th series cards are scarcer than Series 1-4, and the 1st series cards scarcer than Series 2-4 but more common than Series 5 (perhaps due to the collectors of red/black back variations).

      I have a website devoted to vintage baseball card sets and you can read my breakdown of the 1952 Topps set here:

      Feel free to read through the entire site, as I have breakdowns of many sets from 1888-1961. Where available, I have pictures of packs, display boxes, card backs, etc. There is also a section devoted to the history of the hobby.

      I really enjoyed the slideshows! Those are much better than the ones I have.

    • Rob Jundt profile imageAUTHOR

      Rob Jundt 

      10 years ago from Midwest USA

      Harvey, thanks for stopping by! I, too, remember a cache of 1952 cards heading to the trash! Even though they were Bowmans, there were many treasures included. It seems my mother was tired of me organizing her old cards one afternoon and simply decided to "eliminate" the source. I still have visions. Have a great day!

    • Harvey Stelman profile image

      Harvey Stelman 

      10 years ago from Illinois


      I enjoyed the memories your Hub brought back. I grew-up across the street from Yankee Stadium. My collection of autographs and cards would be priceless now. Don't forget the Football Giants played there also.

      After college I moved and threw-out my entire collection. It included pictures Leroy Nieman drew of the players, before he was known.


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