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Chess Fundementals

Updated on May 29, 2012

Chess is one of those games that bring a mythical adventure to life. Chess is a game that has brought kingdoms to its knees and brought great kings to power. An advanced game of strategy and cunning is used to poise the next death strike onto your opponent.

Chess is can be a complicated game so getting the fundamentals down is a key component to have on your way to victory.

Object of Chess:

The object of the game is to get your opponents “King” into “Checkmate.” Checkmate is a termed used in chess when you have the king surrounded, and there are no additional moves that the king can make on the chess board.


The chessboard is made up of a combination of squares that are usually black and white in color and lay out in a checkered format. On either end, of the chess board are the first two rows or the beginning eight by eight squares. The first row is where the pawns are placed. The back second, row is where the additional chess pieces are located. The basic layout of the second row is as follows. With Rooks at each end, then bishops, then knights, then the best way I remember the king is it goes on its corresponding color. For example, Black king on black and white king on white.


In the instances of pieces, they are only able to make certain moves in extremely specific directions. Each one of these pieces if used correctly can dominate an opponent quickly. Working individually is not the way to look at the individual pieces but as a whole unit working together.

Pawns: Pawns move forward if capturing an opponent’s piece only move in diagonal.

Rooks: Rooks can only move horizontal/vertical but only in a straight line

Knights: Can only move in an “L” shape but can move forward or backwards as long as it is an “L”

Bishops: Can only move horizontally in any direction. But cannot change square colors which is why one bishop is n white and the other on black square when starting.

Queen: The most powerful is able to move in any direction to any color square

King: The king can move in any position but is limited to one square per turn

These are the basic move patterns for each pieces on the chess board study them if you are just learning how to play.

When you are just beginning to play, the wonderful game of chess remember to try to control the four middle squares. One of the most basic components in the game is control. If, you can get control of the 4 middle squares in the chess game first, you will have more options for a greater winning strategy that can be extremely powerful.

Strategy: There are many different types of strategy to chess. But, to get us started I will provide a couple of examples here.

1. For example: If your bishop and the knight are positioned on the white colored, portion of the board. The bishop is on a diagonal path away from the bishop, then the bishop may move the knight from the square, and then the bishop moves onto the square that the knight was on.

It is only one example of chess strategy, and I will continue to add more articles of more advanced play on chess.


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