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Collecting Frankoma Art Pottery 1938-2004 Artistry in Clay

Updated on April 29, 2015
mactavers profile image

I've lived in Arizona for 64 years (Tucson, Glendale, and Sedona). I love writing about Arizona history, antiques, collectibles, and travel.

Wagon Wheel Pattern Frankoma

Wagon Wheel Frankoma Dinnerware in Prarie Green Color
Wagon Wheel Frankoma Dinnerware in Prarie Green Color | Source

How Frankoma Pottery Began

What is red, gold, green, white, blue, black, yellow, lavender, turquoise and brown and can take thousands of shapes? Although the question sounds like a 4th grade riddle, the answer is Frankoma pottery. The concept began with John Frank, who had graduated from the Chicago Art Institute in 1927. He was then hired by the University of Oklahoma to establish the Ceramic Art Department. Not long after his arrival in Oklahoma, he married Grace Lee, and together they began producing a line of fine art clay pottery and sculpture which would be affordable to most people. Grace Lee made the suggestion that because they were the only commercial pottery in Oklahoma, they should use their last name Frank, and add the letters O, M, and an A for Oklahoma for the name Frankoma Potteries.

By 1938, the Franks had moved their young family to Sapulpa Oklahoma and they began building their pottery business, but after several months, the building and the master molds were destroyed by a fire. Although their loss was great, they built a new plant, and began producing dinnerware which would become the backbone of their business. The Franks' daughter Donna, always credited her mother Grace for having the business sense to realize that open stock dinnerware would be an ongoing source of business rather than a one time purchase. It helped that they placed a large billboard along Route 66, hoping to entice buyers to their Frankoma pottery and showroom. In 1942, Frankoma introduced the Wagon Wheel Line of dinnerware, and in 1947, introduced the Mayan-Aztec line of dinnerware. Later, they introduced the the Oklahoma Plainsman, Lazybones and Westwind dinnerware patterns. John Frank's principle of having a one-firing process, kept production costs low. Of great importance to those who continue to use Frankoma dinnerware is the fact that the type of glazes used on Frankoma dinnerware continue to be free of any lead or metal poison.

Frankoma Estate Purchase

Frankoma dinnerware mostly in Prarie Green
Frankoma dinnerware mostly in Prarie Green | Source

Frankoma Christmas Cards

Frankoma Christmas Cards
Frankoma Christmas Cards | Source

Collecting Frankoma Pottery

While most people think of Frankoma pottery as being produced in the popular colors of Prairie Green and Desert Gold, Frankoma produced many items in Woodland Moss, Brown Satin, Peach Glow, Clay Blue, Red Bud, Sunflower Yellow, Robin Egg blue and other colors. In addition to their lines of dinnerware, Frankoma produced jewelry, plaques, wall pockets, vases, animals, souvenirs, and historical, political and religious commemoratives. An entire article could be devoted to collecting the adorable Frankoma Kids that were first issued in 1942.

Collectors prize Frankoma Christmas "cards" which are miniature, flat, ceramic pieces bearing a Christmas message and the year. The Franks began sending the Christmas "cards" in 1944 using miniature items from their current stock, but from 1953-1973 special Christmas card molds were developed to be sent to the Frank family members, friends and Frankoma dealers. Since the cards were never intended to be for sale, no records exist on how many Christmas cards were produced. The Christmas cards from the 1940s and 1950s, are rare finds.

Dating Frankoma pieces is fairly simple. Look at the bottom of the piece. First, if the clay used appears to be a tan color, then it was created pre-1955 from Ada clay which was mined near the southern Oklahoma town of Ada. After 1955, most pieces were produced from the local Sapulpa red clay. It is also helpful that most Frankoma is clearly marked with the name Frankoma and/or has a number or logo on the bottom of the piece. Keep in mind that most popular dinnerware pieces were reissued a number of times. A good source of information on Frankoma is the guidebook Collector'sGuide to Frankoma Pottery by Gary Schaum, or the guidebook, Frankoma and Other Oklahoma Potteries by Phyliss and Tom Bess. Donna Frank has written a wonderful book Clay in the Master's Hands which I recommend to those wanting to know more about John and Grance Frank and the history of their business. A strong sense of faith always guided their decisions.

Frankoma like most vintage and antiques has suffered a drop in values from the current economy, however, that said, many of their early pieces have increased in value.

John Frank died in 1973, but his generosity to his community, his faith and willingness to help those in need and his pottery are a fine legacy. The Frank family sold the pottery in 1991, and several other companies have bought and then sold the plant. The Frank sisters, Donna and Joniece have produced some special ceramics using their mother Grace's former studio. The ceramics that they have produced bear the marking FRANK X 2.

One Way to tell if Your Frankoma is Old

A Very Simple Way to tell if your Frankoma is an Old Pieces is??

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Oklahoma Plainsman Dinnerware

Frankoma Oklahoma Plainsman Dinnerware set
Frankoma Oklahoma Plainsman Dinnerware set | Source

Two GOP Mugs Republican

Two GOP Republican Mugs from 1970 and 1974 Presidential Elections
Two GOP Republican Mugs from 1970 and 1974 Presidential Elections | Source

Frankoma Brown Satin Juice Set

Frankoma Pottery Brown Satin Juice pitcher and juice glasses
Frankoma Pottery Brown Satin Juice pitcher and juice glasses | Source

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    • Castlepaloma profile image

      Castlepaloma 6 years ago from Saskatchewan, Canada

      I am looking at starting up small clay high releif sculptures art display, not more then 12''x12'' works of art.

      Do you know of a good value, low cost system to consider to kin clay in?

    • profile image

      Mactavers 6 years ago

      No sorry I don't know of one, but you might want to check ceramics supply companies for what you are looking for.

    • profile image

      shaydac 4 years ago

      I have a green and brown full-size Frankoma 94D wagon wheel pitcher made with Ada clay. Is it worth more than pitchers made with the red clay?

    • mactavers profile image
      Author

      mactavers 4 years ago

      Yes because it is older

    • profile image

      NannettC 2 years ago

      I have many many Frankoma Pottery Plainsman Gold pieces. I am interested in selling them all. Do you know who I could contact?

    • mactavers profile image
      Author

      mactavers 2 years ago

      A local antique dealer? Ebay? Replacements Limited? Those sources are worth a try. I'd start with Ebay to at least get some general prices.

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