ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Basic Billiard Techniques

Updated on May 29, 2010

Grip and Stance. In billiards, one hand propels the cue; the other forms a bridge to support and guide the cue near its tip. The propelling hand holds the handle lightly, from 3 to 6 inches behind the balance point, with the thumb and first three fingers. The channel through which the propelling hand slides the cue is formed by the fingers of the supporting hand which rests on the table or the rail, depending on the position of the cue ball. The fingers make the cue support, or bridge, essential to aiming. The most-used hand supports are the basic bridge, the rail bridge, and the vee bridge. If shots cannot be reached with any one of these hand bridges, a mechanical bridge must be used.

When facing the shot, a player should place the feet slightly apart, one forward of the other. The body leans from the hips, with the forward knee bent slightly and the head directly over the cue, in a straight line with the shot.

Shots. To make the basic billiard shots— center, follow, draw, and English—the player must aim for a spot on the cue ball. The center shot, made by hitting the cue ball at dead center, stops the ball after the impact with the object ball. The follow shot, made by striking the ball a cue-tip width above its center to impart over-spin, causes the ball to roll forward, or to follow, the object ball. The draw shot, made by striking the ball a cue-tip width below its center, causes the ball to roll backward.

"English" is imparted to the cue ball by striking it off center. This causes it to spin either clockwise or counterclockwise. The cue ball will spin clockwise if it is struck a cue-tip width right of center; this also speeds up the ball. In order to direct it counterclockwise and also slow it below normal speed, it must be struck a cue-tip width left of center.

In carom billiards a target area either on the table or on the rail is used. Players set their sights by one of the 18 small white plastic inlays (called diamonds) on the rail.

Play. To achieve proficiency, a player must learn how to control the speed of the cue ball; how to execute bank shots, frozen rail shots, caroms, and combination shots; and how to plan a sequence of shots to set object balls in position for pocketing. Long shots should be avoided. Sharp angle shots must be surveyed from the intended pocket as well as from the point of impact.

Billiards Equipment

Tables. Championship billiard tables are twice as long as they are wide and 31 to 32 inches high. Both the carom table and the American snooker table measure 5 by 10 feet over-all; a pocket table measures 4 1/2 by 9 feet. The best tables have beds of slate. All are covered with a felt cloth and have felt-covered cushions.

Most tables have three small spots on which the balls are spotted at the start of various games. One spot is at the exact center; the other two (the head spot and the foot spot) are in line with the center spot on the table's long axis, each being halfway between the center spot and one of the end cushions. Pocket billiard and snooker tables have six pockets: one at each of the four corners and one at the middle of each side rail. Carom tables do not have pockets.

Balls. Originally all billiard balls were made of ivory. The majority now are of plastic. Pocket billiard balls numbered 1 to 8 are solid colored; those numbered 9 to 15 are striped. The cue ball is always white.

Cues. Cues are made of wood. The butt end, or handle, is generally covered with linen. The long, tapered shaft has a rounded leather tip about 1/2 inch wide. The spot where the weight of the handle is equal to that of the shaft is the balance point of the cue.

Comments

Submit a Comment

No comments yet.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)