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Indian Arts and Crafts
Both Block printing and Bandhani are different ways of coloring cloth. They are bright and interesting. Check out this lens to learn more about these decorative methods. You can even leave us some feedback about what you think.
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Here are some of the different ways that Indian cloths are decorated
- Block Printing- has traces of print on the cloth
- Bandhani- like tiedye it is colorful and splotchy
Tracing of Prints on Cloth
Especially fascinating for foreigners is the printing of cloth with carved wooden blocks. Jaipur, Ajmer, Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Jodhpur and Bikaner in Rajasthan are the strongholds of this craft. The floral motifs favored by the printers of Bagru and Sanganer (Around Jaipur) are Persian in origin, though Sanganeri designs are more sophisticated. They usually have a white or pale background decorated with colorful twigs or sprays. The not-so-fine Bagru prints were initially meant for peasants and had a light brown background.
Method of Printing
Rajasthan has a long and distinguished tradition of printing with finely carved wooden blocks. What you might have already seen in Delhi’s Rajasthali or Fabindia is merely the tip of the iceberg. Head for Bagru and Sanganer, not far from Jaipur, to see for yourself how cloth is printed by hand.
This method, though labourious, is actually quite simple and merely calls for precision. The cloth is laid out flat on a table or bench and a freshly dipped block is hand pressed on to the fabric to form a continuous, interlocking pattern. The block carries dye if the original colour of the cloth has to be preserved.
If the cloth has to be dyed, the block is used to apply an impermeable resist – a material such as clay, resin or wax – to demarcate the pattern that is not to be coloured. Later, when the cloth is dyed, the pattern emerges in reverse. Traditonally, block-printing relied on the use of natural dyes and pigments, but now synthetic dyes have gained currency as they are cheaper. If you belong to the green brigade, stick to eco-friendly naturally dyed cloth.
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Tie and Dye Technique
As the name suggests, the technique of Tie and Dye involves two stages: tying sections of a length of cloth (silk or cotton) and then dunking it into vats of colour. The rainbow-tinged turbans of the Rajputs and the odhnis of their women are shaded by this method of resist dyeing. Your visit to Jaipur won't be complete without a trip to the nearby towns of Bagru and Sanganer, where you can observe the Chhipa community of dyers at work.
The Laheriya or Ripple Effect On Fabric
The laheriya or the ripple effect is achieved by a variation of this technique. Lengths of permeable muslin are rolled diagonally from one corner to the opposite, bound tightly at intervals and then dyed. The ties are then undone and the process repeated by diagonally rolling the adjacent corner toward the opposite and repeating the process. Both Jaipur and Jodhpur are major centres of laheriya. Jaipur in particular, thanks to its status as the state capital, has girt its loins to meet the extensive demands of both the domestic and export markets.
Tie and dye cloth is never too expensive but be warned that the colours always run. So if you've bought silk, it's safer to get it dry-cleaned.
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The colors blend nicely. You can create tie-dye effects instantly without the mess! All you have to do is pop the blue safety tab, apply even pressure to the trigger and simply spray!
Great for use on furniture, material, clothing, carpets, car interiors, wood, silk, leather and more.
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Bandhani skirts in vibrant colors from India are a craze this season!
You're looking at a lovely long skirt which would surely turn a lot of heads. The skirt is in striking Red and Blue and is elegantly embellished with hand sewn silver discs all over. Lovely petite floral & geometrical motifs in Tie and Dye (Bandhani) adorn every inch of the skirt.
This gorgeous skirt is full flowing and has a huge bottom span of 140"!
The highlight of this skirt is a 1.5" kundan beaded , embroidery & sequin work belt with dangling tassles that adorn the waist.
This is an exceptional piece of workmanship & skill. Radiate a spectacularly ethnic look and add style to your wardrobe. You'll have to just stare at this dramatic conversational ethnic piece of art for hours to believe the unbelievable!
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The uses for bandhani or block printing material
- Use as a cloth for clothing. Many indian ladies wear bandhani or block printed saris.
- Great for decoration to hang on walls, or cover beds.
- Make beautiful curtains out of them
- Wear these beautiful cloths outside like a shawl, or a scarf. See how many compliments you get.
The significance of colors
The main colours used in Bandhani are yellow, green, red and black. It is essentially a household craft supervised by the head of the family. The fabric is skillfully knotted by the women, while the portfolio of dyeing rests with the men. The women often grow a long nail on the little finger of the left hand, or wear a ring with a little blunt spike on it, with which they push the cloth upwards to form a tiny peak.
The Jaipur dyer rarely works with more than two dye baths while the additional colours are spot dyed, which makes the process much easier. Thereafter, the fabric opens out into amazing designs in kaleidoscopic colours: dots, circles, squares, waves and stripes.
Which is the best type of cloth decoration?
Tiedye looks good no matter what it is called.
Tiedye is another way to color cloth
If you liked this lens, keep checking back, because I'm planning on putting out another one about more indian cloths. Please visit again.
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