ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

DIY Timber Frame

Updated on July 2, 2014

So, You Love Timber Frames...

I do, and have for a long time, and I finally got up the nerve to take the plunge and try to build one. This subject can not be covered well in a single lens so I'll link additional lenses as I get them finished. I have a lot more to learn, and plenty more to do before the first project is complete. It is my hope that you'll follow along, enjoy the journey, and if you have the notion to build one of these lovely structures this lens will encourage you to press forward.

The picture above was taken in Eltville Germany, a small town along the Rhine RIver near where I lived for several years. Seeing these buildings with cornerstones pre-dating the founding of our country seeded my mind with thoughts of the possible.

As we get started, let me share a quote with you that makes me smile when brought to mind and is particularly appropriate for this lens: "It's been a good day in the shop when you need a shovel to clean up the shavings and saw dust." Author Unknown (to me).

Is it Really Possilble?

Have to say up front that part of my delay getting started was intimidation factor. This project represents a pretty big bite in terms of commitment, time, and skill. Timber frame construction has been described as cabinet making on an architectural scale. That description brings to mind fine woodworking skills multiplied by a difficulty factor measured out in wood fiber by the ton.

As if that's not enough, there is the issue of collecting all that wood fiber in the appropriate form factor. Last time I checked the local home improvement centers aren't carrying 6x9x10' oak timbers. Oh, and throw in 3x4x10' pine fascia beams, 4x6 locust sills, and 3x10 tapered rafters.

Backing up one more step, where do you get the design for one of these things anyway?

Well, definitely an elephant, lets see if the old adage that he's edible, one bite at a time, is true.

A Master Plan

Well, an overarching plan is definitely in order. Where to start? How about some brainstorming to focus on what is required: selecting a building style, completing a design, finding a source of materials, collecting tools, and developing skills to execute the design.

The first big drop that fell out of the storm was that it's really all all about learning: a bunch of stuff. Taking a little time to break down the list revealed a logical sequence that tracks the build order, it's mostly serial. Elephant steaks! So what are these morsels? Lets take a look at the curriculum....

Understanding Style & Design

The next drops are twins in my mind: Building style and design. The combination of these two attributes are fundamental to the architectural style of of timber frames. A structure is a timber frame, by definition, when it is composed of 'frames'. These frames are typically one timber long, one timber wide, and define the enclosed space.

An integral part of the design comes from the choice of joints used to attach the timbers to each other creating the frame. There are hybrid designs that use steel in the joint but what most interests me are traditional joints made exclusively with wood. Common joints are mortice and tenon, dove tail, and scarf to name a few.

Style and design form part of the foundation that make up a timber frame structure, but how to learn at least enough to successfully move forward? From what I have been able to find Tedd Benson and Jack Sobon have done the best job getting practical, hands on details about timber frame building into book form and are critical resources to learn about this fascinating subject. I have included links to these books below for your convenience should you care to learn more.

Where to get the Beams

The next squall from the brain storm coalesced around the third defining attribute of timber frames: big wood. The "timber" in timber frame. In case the picture doesn't give it away let me say that this is heading straight to my very own saw mill. It's probably fair to say that I was driven to this method of material acquisition by a perfect storm.

I would like to blame the whole thing on a personality defect. For what ever reason I have the hardest time buying things over and over when the possibility exists to create them myself. In this case the thing I imagine buying repeatedly is expensive, hard to find timbers, and the solution is, well, you know...

It doesn't help that I have cleared bunches of trees lost to storms and disease for friends throughout the years. The thought that always comes to mind as I cut and burn cord after cord of lovely oak, beach, pine, and locust is "there goes a bunch of fine lumber". Combining all this with a new need for beams was just too much, and the out come was rather predictable.

Tools, Wonderful Tools

Next come the tools. There is good news here, not a lot of specialized or expensive power tools are required. What is needed are squares, levels, hand saws and the like. I do think that a framing chisel (or three :-) are in order, but other than that it's all things that are commonly available.

Let me mention a tool that I didn't even consider at first: 3d modeling software. Thank goodness for all those bright folks at Google who created and gave away Sketch Up. This 3d visualizer, combined with TF Rubies from Clark Bremer are so useful I would put them at the top of the list of tools. And the best thing they are just a download away.

Of course there are always things you can get....

Skill Development

The final, and most important leaning area is skills development. Having a great plan, beautiful design, appropriate joints, and the right tools will not yield a sound building without some skill in execution. It's all about practice, discipline, and paying attention to details. I am taking baby steps on this point so I don't have a whole lot to write about yet.

I have completed a very basic timber frame shed some years ago and am now in the process of extending what I have learned a bunch. Making cuts with the saw, drilling holes, chiseling out mortices. Nothing revolutionary. I am coming to the conclusion though some of the most interesting lessons may not be the thing I can post on a lens. Rather, it has to do with flow and feel of the tasks at hand.

So what are you waiting for, get out there and do it!

Penny for your thoughts about Timber Frame.... - ... what did you think about this story?

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Lee Hansen profile image

      Lee Hansen 

      6 years ago from Vermont

      I love timber frame construction. I, too, marvelled at the centuries old structures in Germany along the Rhine. Barns and older homes in the US are also built with timber frames and if cared for properly they can last many lifetimes. My brother added onto his old timber frame home with - what else? an oak timber frame structure attached to the main house.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)