Vintage Porcelain Glove Molds : History and Cleaning Tips
Beautiful Vintage Glove Molds
General Porcelain of Trenton, New Jersey
What Were These Hunks of Porcelain?
Glove Molds were primarily used for making latex or rubber gloves. Porcelain hands served as forms (glove mold) to used to attach to a machine to "dip" into the rubber or latex mass, and make the gloves. Examples have been found by many pottery companies--from Germany to Japan.
US examples include Mayer China and General Porcelain among others, but according to the Potteries of Trenton Society, General Porcelain one was a leader in it's day. Located in the town of Trenton, New Jersey the building was located at 951 Pennsylvania Avenue. Incorporated in 1939 it's early days were manufacturing Laboratory and industrial pottery such as electrical porcelain manufacturer--insulators, ceramic light parts, etc. China, Fine Earthenware, and art pottery soon followed and by the early 50's glove mold production was in full swing.
The company remained one of the largest producers of the glove mold in the USA, and locals knew it as General Porcelain Manufacturing Co. which, this facility was considered the "Justrite Ceramics Division. The company had 50 employees at the time and was reporting almost $6 million dollar per year gross income ...until their demise .
Hall China Company : East Liverpool Ohio
Rare are the Hall China Molds
The Hall China company of East Liverpool Ohio in still in business. Best known for it's dinnerware and teapots, it has been "reintroducing" it's famous popular patterns. Collectors of new and old still love their wares. Founded in 1903, it celebrated it's 100 year anniversary in 2003 and was acquired by the famous Homer Laughlin Company in present day. . In addition to teapots, the company made industrial wares such as crocks, bed pans, glove molds, foot molds, and other custom work. It is uncertain just when the company was making these glove molds.
I toured the Hall factory in 2000, but did not see these glove molds. It was very interesting to see all the china drying and people quality checking them. I don't often come across Hall China glove molds, so I would think they are rare at the least.
Paint Glove Molds!
You saw how dirty looking the Hall China glove molds were, didn't you ? This one has been painted and has had a facelift. Note how nicely paint sticks to the glove mold. This mold was given a facelift and is still a great part of industrial yesterday to displace in the home.
If you do wish to paint a glazed glove mold you can, but make sure to get a plastic coat paint or something that will stick to a shiny surface. Textured paint works well as does Annie Sloan chalk paint. I have used it myself . Please note you cannot paint the glazed molds and expect them to last- it will scratch off with your fingernail. These suggestions pertain only to raw or bisque molds.
German Glove Molds
This country was huge in porcelain production. One of Germany's leading manufacturers of the porcelain glove molds was actually Rosenthal, wherein history can be traced back to the company, Hutschenreuther, (named from it's original founder in 1814 by Carl Magnus Hutschenreuther). It's not uncommon to still find glove molds marked "Rosenthal, West Germany The "West Germany" mark indicates the glove mold was made on or prior to 1990, when Germany went through a reunification.
Rosenthal"Technik" was taken over by Hoechst CeramTec (mark of HCT) and in 1985 so it is safe to say any molds marked Rosenthal are mid 80's or prior. The history of CeramTec is confusing and can be traced back to the events of the early 1900s with Rosenthal and their porcelain production. Both companies had been producing ceramics for almost 100 years, so it's no wonder that the merger finally occurred.
To make matters even one step more confusing, CeramTec 's holdings are actually in America and they have a factory in South Carolina. They have other factories nationwide including several in Germany, one in Malaysia, China, Korea and Czech Republic among other places, and one many only imagine that they could very well still be producing glove molds to this day.
Answer This Honestly:
What is your first impression of glove molds?
Shinko of Japan - Shanghai Shinko
Shinko Glove Molds
Shinko porcelain factory of Japan was one of the leaders in porcelain making throughout Japan's history. In 1993, Shanghai Shinko (one of the branches/members of the famous Shinko Co., Ltd.) began set up and molding of most of the glove molds. As of late 2010, Shanghai Shinko had produced more than one hundred kinds of glove molds since it was set up in 1993 ,and are averaging 50,000 pieces per month. As of September 2011 - they vanished from my radar .
Mexican Glove Molds : Little Bit of Info
Beware of New Molds if You Want Vintage
Companies in China are producing glove molds as they are also making tons of surgical and latex gloves there now. Beware if your mold is marked CHINA as this is not vintage but new.
A Collector's Dream
Rare Textured Glove Mold
Uses for Glove Molds
Glove molds are fully functional as jewelry displays, but are also in good design. I have them all around my home. They were originally bought for a catering job to sit on tables at a wedding.
Can you believe that the NEW factory owner was crushing them up for crush and run on his parking lot? Eegads. Above, these were all made in Trenton, NJ.
They are also a fun collectible for Halloween. If you accidentally crack or chip one, then stick them in the garden!
This One is Holding Flowers
So Many Glove Molds, So Little Time
Glove molds came in so many sizes and shapes, that a collector could easily spend a lifetime trying to collect them all. A manufacturer such as General Porcelain may have had hundreds of clients all over the map. Therefore, their production of molds included variations of textured, non-textured, small, large, short, stout, etc.. During a time when the industrial revolution as taking place, machinery would always be upgraded to newer models, and base attachments may have had to been reworked or changed. Still after years of collecting I see something new, like this one that above was previously offered at Blue Bell Bazaar (now closed) on Etsy. There's certainly enough variations out there to start a collection.
Creepy Halloween Decor
Glove Molds are part of industrial history. The porcelain ones were and are mainly used to make latex gloves.
What do you think glove molds are best used for?
Too Big for Rings? Use them for Necklaces!
Beautiful Reworked Glove Mold by RaleighModern on Etsy
Antique Glove Molds: Colonial Insulator Marked Mold
Super Old are Colonial Insulator Molds
Colonial Insulator (and Sign) Company was out of Akron Ohio from 1894-1922. Although I am unsure if that is the same Colonial Insulator Company or not...I then found the same exact mold marked General Porcelain 1966. I am led to believe then that General Porcelain of Trenton NJ bought them out....and that finding molds marked Colonial Insulator is ultra rare. Compare the original above with the General Porcelain hand below...
Did You Know?
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2011 Cindy Fahnestock-Schafer