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10 Misconceptions About Vaginal Bleeding and Pregnancy.

Updated on July 2, 2019

Pregnancy misconception

Reasons you could still be pregnant after you just had a vaginal bleeding or “Presumed Periods.”

Many women often think that bleeding after having unprotected sex or without using any contraceptives means they did not conceive. Some women as well as some doctors get confused and believe that any blood that comes from your vagina must mean that you are having your periods. That’s not entirely correct either. Many conditions could cause you to bleed and it can happen that your periods may not be one of them. Remarks Dr. Paul a gynecologist in a reputable fertility clinic.

It is not usual, but once in a while, a woman conceives if at all she embraces the act of having unprotected sex at any time of her cycle or during the near time after she just had her menstrual periods. Likewise, it is possible for you to conceive if you have never had sex before and you do without using any kind of precaution (contraceptives), during and immediately after your first menstruation period.

Some definitions that might be worth noting; according to “CLUE”, an App that can help you track your menstrual cycle;

How would one know or understand the word “SPOTTING”?

According to “CLUE” (helloclue.com App), the bleeding can be noted as light, medium, heavy, and spotting. (That means any light or very light bleeding at the beginning or end of your period should be tracked as “light” so Clue can provide the most accurate predictions for you.)

1. Spotting can be understood as any bleeding that may occur but not in the course of your menstruation period. Therefore, if you happen to bleed lightly at the end or the beginning of your period, that is not spotting. Usually, you will experience bleeding that will not last more than 2 days and it is normally at the beginning or end of your period, take it as a spotting.

You should seek advice from a qualified healthcare worker if you notice bleeding that you do not understand, as it may not necessarily be spotting and could turn out dangerous.

The bleeding may start from either the upper or lower section of your reproductive system, in parts such as the Uterus, cervix, and vagina respectively. There is a thin line that separates between spotting and your periods. Menstruation is the repeated peeling and replacing of the walls of the uterus. The heavy bleeding (spotting) is that, commonly starting from the uterus, as the light bleeding (spotting) can originate from either of the 2 sections of the reproductive system, upper or lower.

In the list below are common misconceptions about conditions that cut through both pregnancy and menstruation that many women and some doctors often confuse or mistake one for the other quite a lot as there is a thin margin that separates the two.

Regular causes of BLEEDING (Menstruation Periods, Spotting), the differences and pregnancy.

1. Bleeding as a mistaken sign of terminated pregnancy. It is common that sometimes a woman can be pregnant and not sure or even aware of it, but possibly suspect, it means you are still early in stages, therefore, chances are you are experiencing implantation bleeding, this does not necessarily be the end of the pregnancy. When the bleeding occurs, women often start to wonder if it was or not a miscarriage after she has bled from the vagina.

In the process of the egg implanting its self in the uterus, there will be manageable bleeding. It is what is commonly referred to as implantation bleeding. Some women confuse this with menstruation periods but still, the pregnancy will continue with less or no danger at all. Still you have seek medical attention.

2. Infections. Infections in the cervix sometimes can lead to bleeding. Many women will mistake any vaginal bleeding for a menstruation period yet there are so many other reasons like UTIs that can cause bleeding. Sometimes, it’s painful to urinate and when you do, it’s a mixture of urine and blood. On sight of this; it is easy to conclude that the bleeding was a sign of your periods when it’s not. Though not related to the pregnancy, such bleeding may be mistaken for menstruation periods. Such infections may include but not limited gonorrhea. Talk to a qualified health worker.

3. Possible Threat of abortion. Bleeding in pregnant women sometimes happens when the system is alerting you about a possible miscarriage but most of the bleeding could stop naturally and the pregnancy will continue. Not aware of what could be happening, you may confuse the bleeding with your periods yet it was a sign of a possible miscarriage. The bleeding can stop the natural way, but it is advisable to go see your doctor.

4. Implantation; it is one of the major reasons you could have light bleeding that you could confuse with your menstruation period. Implantation bleeding is usually experienced by some women a few days after ovulation. Worthwhile to note is that implantation bleeding only occurs up to a few hours, though sometimes it may take up to 2 days, it cannot last for more than seven days. Usually, the density of the blood is light and contains no thicker clots than in usual menstruation blood.

5. Signs of Pregnancy characterized by bleeding. The bleeding, in this case, could be a sign of an “Ectopic pregnancy”; this is usually a situation where one has their embryo attached outside the uterus. Here, when the embryo grows, it attaches itself in other parts that are not the uterus, most of the time in the fallopian tube. Symptoms classically include abdominal pain usually one-sided that may be described as sharp or dull and vaginal bleeding. Those sometimes may come along with other symptoms such as shoulder pains and dizziness. (II) Normal pregnancy Bleeding. This is not rare, rather a common an early sign of pregnancy. It is estimated that 1 of 4 women experience this kind of bleeding when they are about 5-8 weeks pregnant. On the bright side is; with this kind of bleeding, usually, there is nothing that should get you worried as it has been proven by researchers that in 10 cases only 1 is associated with miscarriage. Though, some researchers call this kind of bleeding “implantation bleeding.” However, it has not been proven as a fact to support the assumption of the embryo’s implantation in the uterus. Sometimes it may be associated with changes in hormonal production. Go to your doctor for immediate medical attention on signs of an ectopic pregnancy.

6. Physical conditions sometimes lead to bleeding (spotting) in women. There is quite a list of changes that could take place in a woman’s reproductive system, physical and can cause vaginal bleeding. Some of the physical changes or conditions that can cause bleeding include but not limited to; muscle tissues that abnormally grow on your uterus. They are normally called fibroids. (I) Polyps can also cause bleeding. These are tissues that grow on mucous membranes of different organs. For the subject, they grow in the cervix and uterus. (II) Pelvic infections must be treated as they tend to cause Pelvic inflammatory diseases these, in turn, lead to random bleeding (spotting). In a situation that you are pregnant and you experience this; it is better to consult with medical personnel as you may not be sure if it is a sign of miscarriage. Some people may experience spotting after their first penetrative sexual experience and it is normal. But if you experience the same though it is not your first time, talk to your doctor. Sometimes, it is possible that you could be confusing blood from a UTI with blood from your vagina that could be thought to be menstruation periods.

7. Hormonal imbalances. The progesterone hormone sometimes can be produced in the newly forming placenta other than in the ovary and this can cause bleeding that may be hard to determine what its source is. There are other uterine anomalies such as cancer of the uterus that can cause bleeding as well while pregnant though in most women it is hormonal imbalances that cause the bleeding.

8. Hormonal contraceptives. Random spotting is not a rare side effect of using hormonal contraceptives, more so in the first months of switching to a new method. Birth control pills often cause the spotting to go on, but for a few months. And if it does not stop, chances are, the brand of the pill is not a good fit. It would be best if you tried another brand with a varying hormonal combination. Once on a pill, it’s best you keep track of them, timing at which it is supposed to be taken, once you miss, you may experience a drop in the hormone that the pill supplied in your body. That will be confusing as you may get pregnant yet you are sure that you are on a pill forgetting the time you missed. Or your periods could have come earlier than you thought now it is hormonal imbalances if you are taking birth control pill that is the cause of the bleeding.

9. Forceful penetration. It could be a forceful or energetic penetration during sex or any foreign body into the vagina that is causing slight bleeding. When this happens while one is pregnant, a good fraction of pregnant women after they see this bleeding during pregnancy, the first thing that will come to mind is “they are having a miscarriage”, well! Most of the time it is a false alarm and more than half of them (pregnant women) will still go on to have successful pregnancies. All the same, it is possible to bleed from other things like overly dynamic or forceful sexual penetration but you will still have a successful pregnancy.

10. Hormonal issues during ovulation can cause bleeding in the course of that time in some people. This situation is associated with a drop in estrogen rapidly before progesterone rise during ovulation. Some women experience bleeding during ovulation and others don’t, though it has not yet been clearly stated as to why this happens. Some research suggests that; it could be because of the different levels at which hormones are produced in different people.

Therefore, it is valid for one to argue that there is not a single time of the month that you can have unprotected sex without contraceptives and you do not getting pregnant. And there is a time during your menstrual cycle that you are most fertile and chances are higher to get pregnant during this period.

As we have seen in the article above, regardless of whether you know what could be the cause of the bleeding or not, it is safe and best that you seek medical attention on time.

References:

https://www.pregnanteve.com/implantation-facts/

https://helloclue.com/articles/cycle-a-z/what-is-spotting

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